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31 Cards in this Set

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An unintentional tort alleged when one may have caused acts that are not intended to cause harm?
Negligence
The power and authority given to a court to hear a case and to make judgement?
Jurisdiction
A voluntary agreement between two parties in which specific promises are made?
Contract
May be charged if either party fails to comply with the terms of a legally valid contract?
Breach of contract.
Name the 4 elements that must be present in order for contract to be legal?
1. Agreement
2. Consideration
3. Legal Subject Matter
4. Contractual capacity
Unable to enter into a legal contract because of mental impairment?
Mentally incompetent
Able to set aside or to be revalidated at a later date?
Voidable
A contract explicitly stated in written or spoken words?
Expressed contract.
Unspoken/unwritten agreements whose terms result from actions of the involved parties?
Implied contract.
State legislation governing written contracts?
Statute of Frauds.
A written agreement signed by a party other that the patient who promises to pay the patient's bill?
Third party payor contract.
Is the Regulation Z and/or regulation M of Consumer Protection Act of 1968, also known as the "Truth-in-Lending Act." T or F
True.
The "Fair Debt Collection Practices Act" is what?
Requires debt collectors creditors to treat debtors fairly.
The conduct of the parties, rather than expressed words, creates the contract?
Implied Contract.
The law that governs the relationship between a principal and his or her agent?
Law of agency.
In performing workplace duties, the employee acts as the ______ or authorized representative of the employer?
The agent.
Latin for "Let the master answer" which means that the employer are liable for the acts of their employees?
Respondent superior.
Law that involves crimes against the state?
Criminal law.
An offense punished by death or prison for more that one yr. in state/fedral prison?
Felony
A crime punished by fine or by prison in a facility other that prison for less tha one yr.?
Misdemeanor.
The government as plaintiff in a criminal case?
Prosecution.
Laws passed by the U.S. congrss or state legislatures?
Statutory law
Law that involves crimes against the state?
Criminal law.
An offense punished by death or prison for more that one yr. in state/fedral prison?
Felony
A crime punished by fine or by prison in a facility other that prison for less tha one yr.?
Misdemeanor.
The government as plaintiff in a criminal case?
Prosecution.
Laws passed by the U.S. congrss or state legislatures?
Statutory law
Order issued by the president that becomes law without congress approval?
Executive Order.
What power do State have?
1. Issue licenses
2. Take measures for public health & safety.
3. Conduct elections.
What powers do National government have?
1. Declare war
2. Print money
3. Make necessary laws
4. Make treaties & Foreign policy.
Name the three branches of State government?
1.Legislative
2.Executive
3.Judicial