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47 Cards in this Set

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Nominative Case
Subject of a verb.

The dog bit the man.
(dog is in the nominative case)
Genitive Case
possessive (one noun used to modify another)

prepositions: of

The dog's tail wagged furiously.

(dog's is in the genitive case)
Dative Case
Indirect object

to/for

The man gave the papers to the girl.

(girl is the indirect object)
Ablative Case
adverbial case

means (by what), agent (by whom), accompaniment (with whom), manner (how), place (where; from which), time (when or within which)

prepositions: by, with, from, in, on, at
Accusative Case
direct object of the verb

prepositions: to, into, after, behind

The dog bit the man.

(man is the direct object)
Endings for 1st declension
Nominative: -a -ae
Genitive: -ae -arum
Dative: -ae -is
Accusative: -am -as
Ablative: -a -is
Vocative: -a -ae
What is 1st declension for porta/portae?
porta
portae
portae
portam
porta
porta

portae
portarum
portis
portas
portis
portae
fama
famae
rumor
report

(noun, feminine)
fortuna
fortunae
fortune
luck

(noun, feminine)
patria
patriae
fatherland
native land
(one's) country

(noun, feminine)
expatriate
repatriate
pecunia
pecuniae
money

(noun, feminine)
pecuniary
impecunious
cp. peculation
puella
puellae
girl

(noun, feminine)
vita
vitae
life
mode of life

(noun, feminine)
vital
vitals
vitality
vitamin
vitalize
devitalize
revitalize
antiqua
antiquae
ancient
old-time
of old

(adjective)
antique
antiquities
antiquated
antiquarian
magna
magnae
large
great

(adjective)
magnify
magnificent
magnate
magnitude
multa
multae
much
many

(adjective)
multitude
multiply
multiple
multi-, a prefix as in multi-millionaire
tua
tuae
your (singular)

(adjective)
et
and

(conjunction)
sine
without

(preposition + ablative)
sinecure
est
is
forma
formae
form
shape
beauty

(noun, feminine)
formal
format
formula
formless
deform
inform, etc.
ira
irae
ire
anger

(noun, feminine)
irate
irascible

(NOT irritate)
philosophia
philosophiae
philosophy

(Greek - philosophia, love of wisdom)

(noun, feminine)
poena
poenae
penalty
punishment

(noun, feminine)
penal
penalize
penalty
pain
poeta
poetae
poet
playwright

(noun, masculine)
rosa
rosae
rose

(noun, feminine)
nauta
nautae
sailor

(noun, masculine)
nautical
agricola
agricolae
farmer

(noun, masculine)
agriculture
porta
portae
gate

(noun, feminine)
means

(in ablative case)
by what
agent

(in ablative case)
by whom
accompaniment

(in ablative case)
with whom
manner

(in ablative case)
how
place

(in ablative case)
where
from which
time

(in ablative case)
when
within which
O
O! Oh!

(interjection)

commonly used with the vocative
Vocative Case
address

Sometimes used with O

O fortune (O fortune)

In modern punctuation, the vocative is separated from the rest of the sentence by commas.
ab
by
from

(preposition)
cum
with

(preposition)
de
from

(preposition)
ex
from

(preposition)
ad
to

(preposition)
venia
veniae
kindness
favor
pardon
forgiveness

(noun, feminine)
in
in
on
into

(preposition)
Six cases of nouns
nominative
genitive
dative
accusative
ablative
vocative
mea
my

(adjective)
post
after
behind

(preposition)