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877 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
me
me, myself
quid
what
nihil
nothing
non
not
saepe
often
si
if
amo, amare, amavi, amatum
to love, like
amabo te
please
cogito, cogitare, cogitavi cogitatum
to think, ponder, consider, plan
debeo, debere, debui, debitum
to owe; ought, must
do, dare, dedi, datum
to give, offer
erro, errare, erravi, erratum
to wander, err, go astray, be mistaken
laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatum
to praise
moneo, monere, monui, monitum
to remind, warn, advise
salveo, salvere
to be well, be in good health
salve, salvete
hello, greetings
servo, servare, servavi, servatum
to preserve, save, keep, guard
conservo, conservare, conservavi, conservatum
to preserve, conserve, maintain
terreo, terrere, terrui, territum
to frighten, terrify
valeo, valere, valui, valiturum
to be strong, have power; be well
vale, valete
good-bye, farewell
video, videre, vidi, visum
to see; observe, understand
voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatum
to call, summon
fama, famae (f)
rumor, report; fame, reputation
forma, formae (f)
form, shape; beauty
fortuna, fortunae (f)
fortune, luck
ira, irae (f)
ire, anger
nauta, nautae (m)
sailor
patria, patriae (f)
fatherland, native land, (one's) country
pecunia, pecuniae (f)
money
philosophia, philosophiae (f)
philosophy
poena, poenae (f)
penalty, punishment
poenas dare
to pay the penalty
poeta, poetae (m)
poet
porta, portae (f)
gate, entrance
puella, puellae (f)
girl
rosa, rosae (f)
rose
sententia, sententiae (f)
feeling, thought, opinion, vote, sentence
vita, vitae (f)
life; mode of life
antiquus, antiqua, antiquum
ancient, old-time
magnaus, magna, magnum
large, great, important
meus, mea, meum
my
mutlus, multa, multum
much, many
tuus, tua, tuum
your (sing.)
et
and
et...et
both...and
sed
but
O
O! Oh!
sine (+abl.)
without
est
is
ager, agri (m)
field, farm
agricola, agricolae (m)
farmer
amica, amicae (f)
or
amicus, amici (m)
friend
femina, feminae (f)
woman
filia, filiae (f)

filiabus (dat.&abl.pl.)
daughter
filius, filii (m)
son
numerus, numeri (m)
number
populus, populi (m)
the people, a people, a nation
puer, pueri (m)
boy;

boys, childern (pl.)
sapientia, sapientiae (f)
wisdom
vir, viri (m)
man, hero
avarus, avara, avarum
greedy, avaricious
pauci, paucae, pauca

(usually pl.)
few, a few
Romanus, Romana, Romanum
Roman
de (+abl.)
down from, from; concerning, about
in (+abl.)
in, on
hodie
today
semper
always
habeo, habere, habui, habitum
to have, hold, possess, consider, regard
satio, satiare, satiavi, satiatum
to satisfy, sate
basium, basii (n)
kiss
bellum, belli (n)
war
consilium, consilii (n)
plan, purpose, counsel, advice, judgment, wisdom
cura, curae (f)
care, attention, caution, anxiety
donum, doni (n)
gift, present
exitium, exitii (n)
destruction, ruin
magister, magistri (m)
or
magistra, magistrae (f)
schoolmaster, teacher, master
or
schoolmistress, teacher, mistress
mora, morae (f)
delay
nihil (n)
nothing
oculus, oculi (m)
eye
officium, officii (n)
duty, service
otium, otii (n)
leisure, peace
periculum, periculi (n)
danger, risk
remedium, remedii (n)
cure, remedy
bellus, bella, bellum
pretty, handsome, charming
bonus, bona, bonum
good, kind
humanus, humana, humanum
pertaining to man, human, humane, kind, refined, cultivated
malus, mala, malum
bad, wicked, evil
parvus, parva, parvum
small, little
stultus, stulta, stultum
foolish
stultus, stulti (m)
a fool
verus, vera, verum
true, real, proper
iuvo, iuvare, iuvi, iutum
or
adiuvo, adiuvare, adiuvi, adiutum
to help, aid, assist; to please
sum, esse, fui, futurum
to be, exist
adulescentia, adulescentiae (f)
youth, young manhood, young adulthood
animus, animi (m)
soul, spirit, mind
animi, animorum (m)
high spirits, pride, courage
caelum, caeli (n)
sky, heaven
culpa, culpae (f)
fault, blame
gloria, gloriae (f)
glory, fame
verbum, verbi (n)
word
te (abl.&acc.sing)
you, yourself
liber, libera, liberum
free
noster, nostra, nostrum
our, ours
pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum
beautiful, handsome; fine
sanus, sana, sanum
sound, healthy, sane
igitur
therefore, consequently
-ne
enclitic or suffix added to the emphatic first word of a sentence to indicate a question to which the answer is uncertain
propter
on account of, because of
cras
tomorrow
heri
yesterday
quando
when
si quando
if ever
satis
enough, sufficient(-ly)
tum
then, at that time; thereupon, in the next place
ceno, cenare, cenavi, cenatum
to dine
culpo, culpare, culpavi, culpatum
to blame, censure
remaneo, remanere, remansi, remansum

maneo, manere, mansi, mansum
to remain, stay, stay behind, abide, continue
supero, superare, superavi, superatum
to be above, have the upper hand, surpass; overcome, conquer
dea, deae (f)

deabus (dat.&abl.pl)
goddess
deus, dei (m)

deus (voc.sing)

di or dei (nom.pl.)

dis or deis (dat.&abl.pl.)
god
discipula, discipulae (f)

discipulus, discipuli (m)
learner, pupil, student
insidiae, insidiarum (f.pl.)
ambush, plot, treachery
liber, libri (m)
book
tyrannus, tyranni (m)
absolute ruler, tyrant
vitium, vitii (n)
fault, crime, vice
Graecus, Graeca, Graecum
Greek
Graecus, Graeci (m)
a Greek
perpetuus, perpetua, perpetuum
perpetual, lasting, uninterrupted, continuous
plenus, plena, plenum
full, abundant, generous
salvus, salva, salvum
safe, sound
secundus, secunda, secundum
second; favorable
vester, vestra, vestrum
your (pl.)
-que
and
sed
but
ubi
where, when
ibi
there
nunc
now, at present
quare
because of which thing (lit.); therefore, wherefore, why
possum, posse, potui
to be able, can, could, have power
tolero, tolerare, toleravi, toleratum
to bear, endure
amor, amoris (m)
love
carmen, carminis (n)
song, poem
civitas, civitatis (f)
state, citizenship
corpus, corporis (n)
body
homo, hominis (m)
human being, man
labor, laboris, (m)
labor, work, toil; a work, production
littera, litterae (f)
a letter of the alphabet
litterae, litterarum (f.pl.)
a letter (epistle), literature
mos, moris (m)
habit, custom, manner
mores, morum (m.pl.)
habits, character
nomen, nominis (n)
name
pax, pacis (f)
peace
regina, reginae (f)
queen
rex, regis (m)
king
tempus, temporis (n)
time; occasion, opportunity
terra, terrae (f)
earth, ground, land, country
uxor, uxoris (f)
wife
virgo, virginis (f)
maiden, virgin
virtus, virtutis (f)
manliness, courage; excellence, character, worth, virtue
novus, nova, novum
new; strange
post (+acc.)
after, behind
sub (+abl., with verbs of rest)

sub (+acc., with verbs of motion)
under, up under, close to
audeo, audere, ausus sum
to dare
neco, necare, necavi, necatum
to murder, kill
Cicero, Ciceronis (m)
(Marcus Tullius) Cicero
copia, copiae (f)
abundance, supply
copiae, copiarum (f.pl.)
supplies, troops, forces
frater, fratris (m)
brother
laus, laudis (f)
praise, glory, fame
libertas, libertatis (f)
liberty
ratio, rationis (f)
reckoning, account; reason, judgement, consideration; system; manner, method
scriptor, scriptoris (m)
writer, author
soror, sororis (f)
sister
victoria, victoriae (f)
victory
dum
while, as long as, at the same time that;

until (+subjunctive)
ad (+acc.)
to, up to, near to
ex or e (+abl.)

ex (before consonants or vowels)
e (before consonants only)
out of, from, from within;
by reason of, on account of
numquam
never
tamen
nevertheless, still
ago, agere, egi, actum
to drive, lead, do, act; pass, spend (life or time)
gratias agere (+dat.)
to thank someone;
to give thanks to
demonstro, demonstrare, demonstravi, demonstratum
to point out, show, demonstrate
disco, discere, didici
to learn
doceo, docere, docui, doctum
to teach
duco, ducere, duxi, ductum
to lead; consider, regard; prolong
gero, gerere, gessi, gestum
to carry, carry on, manage, conduct, accomplish, perform
scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptum
to write, compose
traho, trahere, traxi, tractum
to draw, drag, derive
vinco, vincere, vici, victum
to conquer, overcome
locus, loci (m)
place; passage in literature
loca, locorum (n.pl)
places, region
loci, locorum (m.pl.)
passages in literature
morbus, morbi (m)
disease, sickness
studium, studii (n)
eagerness, zeal, pursuit, study
hic, haec, hoc
this; the latter; he, she, it, they
ille, illa, illud
that; the former; the famous; he, she, it, they
iste, ista, istud
that of yours, that; such
alius, alia, aliud
other, another
alii...alii
some...others
alter, altera, alterum
the other (of two), second
neuter, neutra, neutrum
not either, neither
nullus, nulla, nullum
not any, no, none
solus, sola, solum
alone, only, the only
non solum...sed etiam
not only...but also
totus, tota, totum
whole, entire
ullus, ulla, ullum
any
unus, una, unum
one, single, alone
uter, utra, utrum
either, which (of two)
enim
for, in fact, truly
in (+acc.)
into, toward; against
nimus or nimium
too, too much, excessively
amicitia, amicitiae (f)
friendship
cupiditas, cupiditatis
desire, longing, passion, cupidity, avarice
hora, horae (f)
hour, time
natura, naturae (f)
nature
senectus, senectutis (f)
old age
timor, timoris (m)
fear
veritas, veritatis (f)
truth
via, viae (f)
way, road, street
voluptas, voluptatis (f)
pleasure
beatus, beata, beatum
happy, fortunate, blessed
quoniam
since, in as much as
cum (+abl.)
with
audio, audire, audivi, auditum
to hear, listen to
capio, capere, cepi, captum
to take, capture, seize, get
dico, dicere, dixi, dictum
to say, tell, speak; name, call
facio, facere, feci, factum
to make, do, accomplish
fugio, fugere, fugi, fugiturum
to flee, hurry away; go into exile; avoid, shun
venio, venire, veni, ventum
to come
invenio, invenire, inveni, inventum
to come upon, find
vivo, vivere, vixi, victum
to live
caput, capitis (n)
head; leader; beginning; life; heading; chapter
consul, consulis (m)
consul
nemo, nullius, nemini, neminem, nullo or nulla (m or f)
no one, nobody
ego

nos
I

we
tu

vos
you
is, ea, id
this, that; he, she, it
idem, eadem, idem
the same
amicus, amica, amicum
friendly
carus, cara, carum
dear
quod
because
neque or nec
and not, nor
neque...neque or nec...nec
neither...nor
autem
however; moreover
bene
well, satisfactorily, quite
etiam
even
intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectum
to understand
mitto, mittere, misi, missum
to send, let go
sentio, sentire, sensi, sensum
to feel, perceive, think, experience
adulescens, adulescentis (m and f)
young man, young woman
annus, anni (m)
year
Asia, Asiae (f)
Asia
Caesar, Caesaris (m)
Caesar
mater, matris (f)
mother
medicus, medici (m)

medica, medicae (f)
doctor, physician
pater, patris (m)
father
patientia, patientiae (f)
suffering, patience, endurance
principium, principii (n)
beginning
acerbus, acerba, acerbum
harsh, bitter, grievous
pro (+abl.)
in front of, before, on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, instead of, for, as
diu
long, for a long time
nuper
recently
amitto, amittere, amisi, amissum
to lose, let go
cado, cadere, cedidi, casurum
to fall
creo, creare, creavi, creatum
to create
divitiae, divitiarum (f.pl.)
riches, wealth
factum, facti (n)
deed, act, achievement
signum, signi (n)
sign, signal, indication, seal
ipse, ipsa, ipsum
myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, themselves, the very, the actual
quisque, quidque

(cuiusque, gen.; cuique, dat.)
each one, each person
sui
himself, herself, itself, themselves
doctus, docta, doctum
taught, learned, skilled
fortunatus, fortunata, fortunatum
lucky, happy, fortunate
suus, sua, suum
his own, her own, its own, their own
nam
for
ante (+acc.)
before (in place or time), in front of;

before, previously (adv.)
per (+acc.)
through; by (with reflexive pronoun);

thoroughly, very (as a prefix)
olim
at that time, once, formerly; in the future
alo, alere, alui, altum
to nourish, support, sustain, increase, cherish
diligo, diligere, dilexi, dilectum
to esteem, love
iungo, inugere, iunxi, iunctum
to join
sto, stare, steti, statum
to stand, stand still, stand firm
animal, animalis (n)
a living creature, animal
aqua, aquae (f)
water
ars, artis (f)
art, skill
auris, auris (f)
ear
civis, civis (m or f)
citizen
ius, iuris (n)
right, justice, law
mare, maris (n)
sea
mors, mortis (f)
death
nubes, nubis (f)
cloud
os, oris (n)
mouth, face
pars, partis (f)
part, share; direction
Roma, Romae (f)
Rome
turba, turbae (f)
uproar, disturbance, mob, crowd, multitude
urb, urbis (f)
city
vis, vis (f)
force, power, violence
vires, virium (f.pl.)
strength
ab or a (+abl.)

ab (before consonants or vowels)
a (before consonants only)
away from, from; by
trans (+acc.)
across
appello, appellare, appellavi, appellatum
to speak to, address (as), call, name
curro, currere, cucurri, cursum
to run, rush, move quickly
muto, mutare, mutavi, mutatum
to change, alter; exchange
teneo, tenere, tenui, tentum
to hold, keep, possess; restrain
vito, vitare, vitavi, vitatum
to avoid, shun
Italia, Italiae (f)
Italy
memoria, memoriae (f)
memory, recollection
tempestas, tempestatis (f)
period of time, season; weather, storm
centum
a hundred
mille
thousand
milia, milium (n.pl.)
thousands
miser, misera, miserum
wretched, miserable, unfortunate
inter (+acc.)
between, among
itaque
and so, therefore
committo, committere, commisi, commissum
to entrust, commit
expecto, expectare, expectavi, expectatum
to look for, expect, await
iacio, iacere, ieci, iactum
to throw, hurl
timeo, timere, timui
to fear, be afraid of, be afraid
unus, una, unum
one
duo, duae, duo
two
tres, tria
three
quattuor
four
quinque
five
sex
six
septem
seven
octo
eight
novem
nine
decem
ten
undecim
eleven
duodecim
twelve
tredecim
thirteen
quattuordecim
fourteen
quindecim
fifteen
sedecim
sixteen
septendecim
seventeen
duodeviginti
eighteen
undeviginti
nineteen
viginti
twenty
viginti unus

unus et viginti
twenty-one
viginti duo

duo et viginti
twenty-two
viginti tres

tres et viginti
twenty-three
viginti quattuor

quattuor et viginti
twenty-four
viginti quinque

quinque et viginti
twenty-five
primus, prima, primum
first
secundus, secunda, secundum
second
tertius, tertia, tertium
third
quartus, quarta, quartum
fourth
quintus, quinta, quintum
fifth
sextus, sexta, sextum
sixth
septimus, septima, septimum
seventh
octavus, octava, octavum
eighth
nonus, nona, nonum
ninth
decimus, decima, decimum
tenth
undecimus, undecima, undecimum
eleventh
duodecimus, duodecima, duodecimum
twelfth
aetas, aetatis (f)
period of life, life, age, an age, time
auditor, auditoris (m)
hearer, listener, member of an audience
clementia, clementiae (f)
mildness, gentleness, mercy
mens, mentis (f)
mind, thought, intention
satura, saturae (f)
satire
acer, acris, acre
sharp, keen, eager; severe, fierce
brevis, breve
short, small, brief
celer, celeris, celere
swift, quick, rapid
difficilis, difficile
hard, difficult, troublesome
dulcis, dulce
sweet; pleasant, agreeable
facilis, facile
easy; agreeable
fortis, forte
strong, brave
ingens, gen. ingentis
huge
iucundus, iucunda, iucundum
pleasant, delightful, agreeable, pleasing
longus, longa, longum
long
ominis, omne
every, all
potens, gen. potentis
able, powerful, mighty, strong
senex, gen. senis

(adj. and noun)
old, aged (adj.)

old man (noun)
quam
how
rego, regere, rexi, rectum
to rule, guide, direct
libellus, libelli (m)
little book
qui, quae, quod
who, which, what, that
caecus, caeca, caecum
blind
levis, leve
light, slight, easy, trivial
aut
or
aut...aut
either...or
cito
quickly
quoque
also, too
admitto, admittere, admisi, admissum
to admit, receive, let in
coepi, coepisse, coeptum
began
cupio, cupere, cupivi, cupitum
to desire, wish, long for
deleo, delere, delevi, deletum
to destroy, wipe out, erase
desidero, desiderare, desideravi, desideratum
to desire, long for, miss
incipio, incipere, incepi, inceptum
to begin
navigo, navigare, navigavi, navigatum
to sail, navigate
neglego, neglegere, neglexi, neglectum
to neglect, disregard
recito, recitare, recitavi, recitatum
to read aloud, recite
flumen, fluminis (n)
river
genus, generis (n)
origin, kind, sort, class
hostis, hostis (m)
an enemy (of the state)
hostes, hostium (m)
the enemy
ludus, ludi (m)
game, sport; school
probitas, probitatis (f)
uprightness, honesty
scientia, scientiae (f)
knowledge
clarus, clara, clarum
clear, bright; renowned, famous, illustrious
mortalis, mortale
mortal
cur
why
deinde
thereupon, next, then
fluo, fluere, fluxi, fluxum
to flow
lego, legere, legi, lectum
to pick out, choose; read
misceo, miscere, miscui, mixtum
to mix, stir up, disturb
moveo, movere, movi, motum
to move; arouse, affect
videor, videri, visus sum
to be seen, seem, appear
argumentum, argumenti (n)
proof, evidence, argument
auctor, auctoris (m)
increasor, author, originator
beneficium, beneficii (n)
benefit, kindness; favor
familia, familiae (f)
household, family
Graecia, Graeciae (f)
Greece
iudex, iudicis (m)
judge, juror
iudicium, iudicii (n)
judgment, decision, opinion; trial
scelus, sceleris (n)
evil deed, crime, sin, wickedness
quis? quid?
who? whose? whom? what? which?
qui? quae? quod?
what? which? what kind of?
certus, certa, certum
definite, sure, certain, reliable
gravis, grave
heavy, weighty, serious, important, severe, grievous
immortalis, immortale
not subject to death, immortal
at
but; but, mind you; but, you say
nisi
if...not, unless; except
contra (+acc.)
against
iam
now, already, soon
delecto, delectare, delectavi, delectatum
to delight, charm, please
libero, liberare, liberavi, liberatum
to free, liberate
paro, parare, paravi, paratum
to prepare, provide, get, obtain
coniurati, coniuratorum (m)
conspirators
cornu, cornus (n)
horn
fructus, fructus (m)
fruit, profit, benefit, enjoyment
genu, genus (n)
knee
manus, manus (f)
band; hand; handwriting
metus, metus (m)
fear, dread, anxiety
mons, montis (m)
mountain
senatus, senatus (m)
senate
sensus, sensus (m)
feeling, sense
servitus, servitutis (f)
servitude, slavery
spiritus, spiritus (m)
breath, breathing; spirit, soul
versus, versus (m)
line of verse
communis, commune
common, general, of/for the community
dexter, dextra, dextrum
right, righ-hand
sinister, sinistra, sinistrum
left, left-hand; harmful, ill-omened
careo, carere, carui, cariturum

(+abl. of separation)
to be without, be deprived of, want, lack; be free from
defendo, defendere, defendi, defensum
to ward off; defend, protect
discedo, discedere, discessi, discessum
to go away, depart
odi, odisse, osurum
to hate
prohibeo, prohibere, prohibui, prohibitum
to keep (back), prevent, hinder, restrain, prohibit
pronuntio, pronuntiare, pronuntiavi, pronuntiatum
to proclaim, announce; declaim, pronounce
casa, casae (f)
house, cottage, hut
causa, causae (f)
cause, reason; case, situation
causa
(abl. with a preceding gen.)
for the sake of, on account of
fenestra, fenestrae (f)
window
finis, finis (m)
end, limit, boundary; purpose
fines, finium (m)
boundaries, territory
gens, gentis (f)
clan, race, nation, people
mundus, mundi (m)
world, universe
navis, navis (f)
ship, boat
salus, salutis (f)
health, safety; greeting
Troia, Troiae (f)
Troy
vicinus, vicini (m)

vicina, vicinae (f)
neighbor
vulgus, vulgi (n or m)
the common people, mob, rabble
asper, aspera, asperum
rough, harsh
atque or ac
and, and also, and even
iterum
again, a second time
contineo, continere, continui, contentum
to hold together, contain, keep, enclose, restrain
iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussum
to bid, order, command
laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratum
to labor, be in distress
rapio, rapere, rapui, raptum
to seize, snatch, carry away
relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictum
to leave behind, leave, abandon, desert
scio, scire, scivi, scitum
to know
tango, tangere, tetigi, tactum
to touch
dies, diei (m)
day
ferrum, ferri (n)
iron; sword
fides, fidei (f)
faith, trust, trustworthiness, fidelity, promise, guarantee, protection
ignis, ignis (m)
fire
modus, modi (m)
measure, bound, limit; manner, method, mode, way
res, rei (f)
thing, matter, business, affair
res publica, rei publicae (f)
state, commonwealth, republic
spes, spei (f)
hope
aequus, aequa, aequum
level, even; calm; equal, just; favorable
felix, gen. felicis
lucky, fortunate, happy
incertus, incerta, incertum
uncertain, unsure, doubtful
Latinus, Latina, Latinum
Latin
medius, media, medium
middle; the middle of
quondam
formerly, once
ultra (adv. and prep. +acc)
on the other side, beyond
protinus
immediately
cerno, cernere, crevi, cretum
to distinguish, discern, perceive
eripio, eripere, eripui, ereptum
to snatch away, take away; rescue
inquit
he says or said
tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatum
to raise, lift up; take away, remove, destroy
arx, arcis (f)
citadel, stronghold
dux, ducis (m)
leader, guide; commander, general
equus,equi (m)
horse
hasta, hastae (f)
spear
insula, insulae (f)
island
litus, litoris (n)
shore, coast
miles, militis (m)
soldier
orator, oratoris (m)
orator, speaker
sacerdos, sacerdotis (m)
priest
aliquis, aliquid
someone, somebody, something
quisquis, quidquid
whoever, whatever
magnanimus, magnanima, magnanimum
great-hearted, brave, magnanimous
umquam
ever, at any time
educo, educare, educavi, educatum
to bring up, educate
gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum
to be glad, rejoice
ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentum
to exhibit, show, display
peto, petere, petivi, petitum
to seek, aim at, beg, bessech
premo, premere, pressi, pressum
to press, press hard, pursue
opprimo, opprimere oppressi, oppressum
to suppress, overwhelm, overpower, check
verto, vertere, verti, versum
to turn; change
averto, avertere, averti, aversum
turn away; avert
reverto, revertere, reverti, reversum
turn back
Carthago, Carthaginis (f)
Carthage
fabula, fabulae (f)
story, tale; play
imperator, imperatoris (m)
general, commander-in-chief, emperor
imperium, imperii (n)
power to command, supreme power, authority, command, control
perfugium, perfugii
refuge, shelter
servus, servi (m)

serva, servae (f)
slave
solacium, solacii (n)
comfort, relief
vulnus, vulneris (n)
wound
re- or red-
prefix
again, back
ut
(+indicative)
as, just as, when
postea
aftwerwards
accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptum
to take (to one's self), receive, accept
excipio, excipere, excepi, exceptum
to take out, except; take, receive, capture
recipio, recipere, recepi, receptum
to take back, regain, admit, receive
pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsum
to strike, push, drive out, banish
expello, expellere, expuli, expulsum
to drive out, expel, banish
narro, narrare, narravi, narratum
to tell, report, narrate
quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitum
to seek, look for, strive for; ask, inquire, inquire into
rideo, ridere, risi, risum
to laugh, laugh at
linqua, linquae (f)
tonque; language
ferox, gen. ferocis
fierce, savage
fidelis, fidele
faithful, loyal
geminus, gemina, geminum
twin
sapiens, gen. sapientis
wise, judicious (adjective)

a wise man, philosopher (noun)
ultimus, ultima, ultimum
farthest, extreme; last, final
dehinc
then
hic
here
ait, aiunt
he says, they say, assert
credo, credere, credidi, creditum
(+acc. or dat.)
to believe, trust
iaceo, iacere, iacui
to lie, lie prostate, lie dead
nego, negare, negavi, negatum
to deny, say that...not
nescio, nescire, nescivi, nescitum
not to know, be ignorant
nuntio, nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatum
to announce, report, relate
patefacio, patefacere, patefeci, patefactum
to make open, open; disclose, expose
puto, putare, putavi, putatum
to clean, trim; reckon, suppose, judge, think, imagine
spero, sperare, speravi, speratum
to hope for, hope
suscipio, suscipere, suscepi, susceptum
to undertake
cena, cenae (f)
dinner
forum, fori (n)
marketplace, forum
lex, legis (f)
law, statute
limen, liminis (n)
threshold
lux, lucis (f)
light
mensa, mensae (f)
table; dining, dish, course
mensa secunda
dessert
nox, noctis (f)
night
somnus, somni (m)
sleep
quidam, quaedam, quiddam (pron.)
a certain one or thing, someone, something
quidam, quaedam, quoddam (adj.)
a certain, some
pudicus, pudica, pudicum
modest, chaste
superbus, superba, superbum
arrogant, overbearing, haughty, proud
tristis, triste
sad, sorrowful; joyless, grim, severe
turpis, turpe
ugly, shameful, base, disgraceful
urbanus, urbana, urbanum
of the city, urban; urbane, elegant
prae (+abl.)
in front of, before
quam (adv. and conj.)
than (after comparatives)

as...as possible (with superlatives)
tantum
only
invito, invitare, invitavi, invitatum
to entertain, invite, summon
delectatio, delectationis (f)
delight, pleasure, enjoyment
nepos, nepotis (m)
grandson, descendant
sol, solis (m)
sun
diligens, gen. diligentis
diligent, careful
dissimilis, dissimile
unlike, different
gracilis, gracile
slender, thin
humilis, humile
lowly, humble
maior, maius
greater; older
maiores, maiorum
ancestors
primus, prima, primum
first, foremost, chief, principle
quot
how many, as many as
similis, simile (+gen. or dat.)
similar (to), like, resembling
superus, supera, superum
above, upper
superi, superorum (m.pl.)
the gods
utilis, utile
useful, advantageous
pono, ponere, posui, positum
to put, place, set
probo, probare, probavi, probatum
to test, approve, recommend
bonus, melior, optimus
good, better, best
magnus, maior, maximus
great, greater, greatest
malus, peior, pessimus
bad, worse, worst
multus, plus, plurimus
much, more, most
parvus, minor, minimus
small, smaller, smallest
prior, primus
former, first
superus, superior, summus or supremus
that above; higher; highest, furthest or highest, last
arma, armorum (n.pl.)
arms, weapons
cursus, cursus (n)
running, race; course
luna, lunae (f)
moon
occasio, occasionis (f)
occasion, opportunity
parens, parentis (m or f)
parent
stella, stellae (f)
star, planet
vesper, vesperis or vesperi (m)
evening; evening star
mortuus, mortua, mortuum
dead
princeps, principis (m or f)
leader, emperor
princeps, gen. principis
chief, foremost
ut (+subjuntive)

ut (+indicative)
in order that, so that, that, in order to, so as to, to

just as, as, when
ne
not; in order that...not, that...not, in order not to
cedo, cedere, cessi, cessum
to go, withdraw; yield to, grant, submit
dedico, dedicare, dedicavi, dedicatum
to dedicate
egeo, egere, egui (+abl. or gen.)
to need, lack, want
expleo, explere, explevi, expletum
to fill, fill up, complete
praesto, praestare, praestiti, praestitum
to excel; exhibit, show, offer, supply, furnish
taceo, tacere, tacui, tacitum
to be silent, leave unmentioned
fatum, fati (n)
fate, death
ingenium, ingenii (n)
nature, innate talent
moenia, moenium (n.pl.)
walls of a city
nata, natae (f)
granddaughter
osculum, osculi (n)
kiss
sidus, sideris (n)
constellation, star
dignus, digna, dignum (+abl.)
worthy, worthy of
durus, dura, durum
hard, harsh, rough, stern, unfeeling, hardy, difficult
tantus, tanta, tantum
so large, so great, of such a size
denique
at last, finally, lastly
ita

(adv.used with adjs.,vbs.,and advs.)
so, thus
quidem
indeed, certainly, at least, even
ne...quidem
not...even
sic

(adv.most commonly used with vbs.)
so, thus
tam
so, to such a degree
tam...quam
so...as
vero
in truth, indeed, to be sure, however
condo, condere, condidi, conditum
to put together or into, store; found, establish
contendo, contendere, contendi, contentum
to strive, struggle, contend; hasten
mollio, mollire, mollivi, mollitum
to soften; make calm or less hostile
pugno, pugnare, pugnavi, pugnatum
to fight
respondo, respondere, respondi, responsum
to answer
surgo, surgere, surrexi, surrectum
to get up, arise
honor, honoris (m)
honor, esteem; public office
ceteri, ceterae, cetera (pl.)
the remaining, the rest, the other, all the others
quantus, quanta, quantum
how large, how great, how much
tantus...quantus
just as much (many)...as
ridiculus, ridicula, ridiculum
laughable, ridiculous
vivus, viva, vivum
alive, living
furtim
stealthily, secretly
mox
soon
primo
at first, at the beginning
repente
suddenly
unde
whence, from what or which place, from which, from whom
utrum...an
whether...or
bibo, bibere, bibi
to drink
cognosco, congnoscere, cognovi, cognitum
to become acquainted with, learn, recognize; know (in perfect tenses)
comprehendo, comprehendere, comprehendi, comprehensum
to grasp, seize, arrest; comprehend, understand
consumo, consumere, consumpsi, consumptum
to consume, use up
dubito, dubitare, dubitavi, dubitatum
to doubt, hesitate
expono, exponere, exposui, expositum
to set forth, explain, expose
minuo, minuere, minui, minutum
to lessen, diminish
rogo, rogare, rogavi, rogatum
to ask
as, assis (m)
an as (a small copper coin)
auxilium, auxilii (n)
aid, help
digitus, digiti (m)
finger, toe
elephantus, elephanti (m or f)
elephant
exsilium, exsilii (n)
exile, banishment
invidia, invidiae (f)
envy, jealousy, hatred
rumor, rumoris (m)
rumor, gossip
vinum, vini (n)
wine
mediocris, mediocre
ordinary, moderate, mediocre
cum (+subjunctive)

cum (+indicative)
when, since, although

when
apud (+acc.)
among, in the presence of, at the house of
semel
a single time, once, once and for all, simultaneously
usque
all the way, up (to), even (to), continuously, always
doleo, dolere, dolui, doliturum
to grieve, suffer; hurt, give pain
dormio, dormire, dormivi, dormitum
to sleep
fero, ferre, tuli, latum
to bear, carry, bring; suffer, endure, tolerate; say, report
adfero, adferre, attuli, allatum
to bring to
confero, conferre, contuli, collatum
to bring together, compare; confer, bestow
se conferre
betake oneself, go
offero, offerre, obtuli, oblatum
to offer
refero, referre, rettuli, relatum
to carry back, bring back; repeat, answer, report
invideo, invidere, invidi, invisum
to be envious; to look at with envy, envy,

be jealous of (+dat.)
occido, occidere, occidi, occasum
to fall down; die; set
custodia, custodiae (f)
protection, custody;

guards (pl.)
exercitus, exercitus (m)
army
paupertas, paupertatis (f)
poverty, humble circumstances
dives, gen. divitis or ditis
rich
par, gen. paris (+dat.)
equal, like
pauper, gen. pauperis
of small means, poor
dummodo (+subj.)
provided that, so long as
malo, malle, malui
to want (something) more, instead; prefer
nolo, nolle, nolui
to not...wish, be unwilling
pateo, patere, patui
to be open, lie open, be accessible, be evident
praebeo, praebere, praebui, praebitum
to offer, provide
promitto, promittere, promisi, promissum
to send forth; promise
volo, velle, volui
to wish, want, be willing, will
longe, longius, longissime
far, farther or too far, farthest or very far
libere, liberius, liberrime
freely, more freely,
most freely or very freely
pulchre, pulchrius, plucherrime
beautifully,
more beautifully,
most beautifully
fortiter, fortius, fortissime
bravely, more bravely,
most bravely
celeriter, celerius, celerrime
quickly, more quickly,
most quickly
acriter, acrius, acerrime
keenly, more keenly,
most keenly
feliciter, felicius, felicissime
happily, more happily,
most happily
sapienter, sapientius, sapientissime
wisely, more wisely,
most wisely
facile, facilius, facillime
easily, more easily,
most easily
bene, melius, optime
well, better, best
male, peius, pessime
badly, worse, worst
multum, plus, plurimum
much; more (quantity);
most, very much
magnopere, magis, maxime
greatly; more (quality);
most, especially
parum, minus, minime
little, not very (much); less, least
prius, primo or primum
before, earlier;
first (in time), at first
first (in a series), in the first place
diu, diutius, diutissime
for a long time, longer, very long
initium, initii (n)
beginning, commencement
ops, opis (f)
help, aid
opes, opum (f.pl.)
power, resources, wealth
philosophus, philosophi (m)

philosopha, philosophae (f)
philosopher
plebs, plebis (f)
the common people, populace, plebeians
sal, salis (m)
salt; wit
speculum, speculi (n)
mirror
quis, quid (after si, nisi, ne, num)
anyone, anything, someone, something
candidus, candida, candidum
shining, bright, white; beautiful
merus, mera, merum
pure, undiluted
sauvis, sauve
sweet
-ve
or
heu
ah! alas!
subito
suddenly
recuso, recusare, recusavi, recusatum
to refuse
trado, tradere, tradidi, traditum
to give over, surrender; hand down, transmit, teach
anima, animae (f)
soul, spirit
remissio, remissionis (f)
letting go, release; relaxation
vox, vocis (f)
voice, word
adversus, adversa, adversum
opposite, adverse
talis, tale
such, of such a sort
vae (often+dat. or acc.)
alas, woe to
arbitror, arbitrari, arbitratus sum
to judge, think
conor, conari, conatus sum
to try, attempt
cresco, crescere, crevi, cretum
to increase
egredior, egredi, egressus sum
to go out
fateor, fateri, fassus sum
to confess, admit
hortor, hortari, hortatus sum
to encourage, urge
loquor, loqui, locutus sum
to say, speak, tell
molior, moliri, molitus sum
to work at, build, undertake, plan
morior, mori, mortuus sum, moriturus (fut.act.part.)
to die
nascor, nasci, natus sum
to be born; spring forth, arrive
patior, pati, passus sum
to suffer, endure, permit
proficiscor, proficisci, profectus sum
to set out, start
rusticor, rusticari, rusticatus sum
to live in the country
sedeo, sedere, sedi, sessum
to sit
sequor, sequi, secutus sum
to follow
specto, spectare, spectavi, spectatum
to look at, see
utor, uti, ussus sum (+abl.)
to use; enjoy, experience
aestas, aestatis (f)
summer
ianua, ianuae (f)
door
pectus, pectoris (n)
breast, heart
praemium, praemii (n)
reward, prize
iratus, irata, iratum
angry
antepono, anteponere, anteposui, antepositum
to put before, prefer
foveo, fovere, fovi, fotum
to comfort, nurture, cherish
ignosco, ignoscere, ignovi, ignotum (+dat.)
to grant pardon to, forgive
impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatum (+dat.)
to give orders to, command
miror, mirari, miratus sum
to marvel at, admire, wonder
noceo, nocere, nocui, nocitum (+dat.)
to do harm to, harm, injure
nubo, nubere, nupsi, nuptum
to cover, veil

to be married to, marry (+dat.)
parco, parcere, peperci, parsusrum (+dat.)
to be lenient to, spare
pareo, parere, parui (+dat.)
to be obedient to, obey
persuadeo, persuadere, persuasi, persuasum (+dat.)
to make sweet to, persuade
placeo, placere, placui, placitum (+dat.)
to be pleasing to, please
sapio, sapere, sapivi
to have good taste; have good sense, be wise
servio, servire, servivi, servitum (+dat.)
to be a slave to, serve
studeo, studere, studui (+dat.)
to direct one's zeal to, be eager for, study
subrideo, subridere, subrisi, subrisum
to smile (down) upon
cupido, cupidinis (n)
desire, compassion
lector, lectoris (m)

lectrix, lectricis (f)
reader
vinculum, vinculi (n)
bond, chain, fetter
cotidie
daily, every day
fortasse
perhaps
accedo, accedere, accessi, accessum
to come (to), approach
carpo, carpere, carpsi, carptum
to harvest, pluck, seize
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactum
to drive or bring together, force, compel
contemno, contemnere, contempsi, contemptum
to despise, scorn
contundo, contundere, contudi, contusum
to beat, crush, bruise, destroy
curo, curare, curavi, curatum
to care for, attend to; heal, cure; take care
decerno, decernere, decrevi, decretum
to decide, settle, decree
exigo, exigere, exegi, exactum
to to drive out, force out, exact; drive through, complete, perfect
fio, fieri, factus sum
to occur, happen, become; be made, be done
oblecto, oblectare, oblectavi, oblectatum
to please, amuse, delight; pass time pleasantly
oro, orare, oravi, oratum
to speak, plead; beg, beseech, entreat
recreo, recreare, recreavi, recreatum
to restore, revive; refresh, cheer
requiro, require, requisivi, requisitum
to seek, ask for, miss, need, require
sereno, serenare, serenavi, serenatum
to make clear, brighten; cheer up, soothe
Athenae, Athenarum (f.pl.)
Athens
domus, domus or domi (f)
house, home
domi
at home
domum
(to) home
domo
from home
humus, humi (f)
ground, earth, soil
iter, itineris (n)
road, route, journey
rus, ruris (n)
the country, countryside
Syracusae, Syracusarum (f.pl.)
Syracuse
absens, gen. absentis
absent, away
gratus, grata, gratum
pleasing, agreeble; grateful
idoneus, idonea, idoneum
suitable, fit, appropriate
immotus, immota, immotum
unmoved, unchanged, unrelenting
foris
out of doors, outside
eo, ire, ii, itum
to go
abeo, abire, abii, abitum
to go away, depart
adeo, adire, adii, aditum
to go to, approach
exeo, exire, exii, exitum
to go out, exit
ineo, inire, inii, initum
to go in, enter
obeo, obire, obii, obitum
to go up against, meet; die
pereo, perire, perii, peritum
to pass away, be destroyed, perish
redeo, redire, redii, reditum
to go back, return
interficio, interficere, interfeci, interfectum
to kill, murder
licet, licere, licuit
it is permitted, one may
peregrinor, peregrinari, peregrinatus sum
to travel abroad, wander
requiesco, requiescere, requievi, requietum
to rest
soleo, solere, solitus sum
to be accustomed
arbor, arboris (f)
tree
dignitas, dignitatis (f)
merit, prestige, dignity
dolor, doloris (m)
pain, grief
odium, odii (n)
hatred
opus, operis (n)
a work, task; deed, accomplishment
oratio, orationis (f)
speech
pes, pedis (m)
lower leg, foot
sator, satoris (m)
sower, planter; begetter, father; founder
firmus, firma, firmum
firm, strong, reliable
infirmus, infirma, infirmum
not strong, weak, feeble
mirabilis, mirabile
amazing, wondrous, remarkable
pristinus, pristina, pristinum
ancient; former, previous
sublimis, sublime
elevated, lofty; heroic, noble
esti
even if, although
erga (+acc.)
toward
libenter
with pleasure, gladly
impedio, impedire, impedivi, impeditum
to impede, hinder, prevent
metuo, metuere, metui
to fear, dread
queror, queri, questus sum
to complain, lament
recognosco, recognoscere, recognovi, recognitum
to recognize, recollect
suspendo, suspendere, suspendi, suspensum
to hang up, suspend; interrupt
vendo, vendere, vendidi, venditum
to sell
aedificium, aedificii (n)
building, structure
inuria, inuriae (f)
injustice, injury, wrong
mulier, mulieris (f)
woman
transitus, transitus (m)
passing over, transit, transition
ventus, venti (m)
wind
cupidus, cupida, cupidum
desirous, eager, fond;

desirous of, eager for (+gen.)
liberalis, liberale
of, relating to a free person; worthy of a free man, decent, liberal; generous
necesse
necessary, invevitable
vetus, gen. veteris
old
quasi
as if, as it were
ambulo, ambulare, ambulavi, ambulatum
to walk
experior, experiri, expertus sum
to try, test, experience
libo, libare, libavi, libatum
to pour a libation of, on; pour ritually; sip, touch gently
oportet, oportere, oportuit
it is proper, right, necessary
oppugno, oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatum
to fight against, attack, assault, assail
orno, ornare, ornavi, ornatum
to equip, furnish, adorn
pernocto, pernoctare, pernoctavi, pernoctatum
to spend or occupy the night
transeo, transire, transii, transitum
to go across, cross; pass over, ignore
aes, aeris (n)
bronze
dominus, domini (m)
master (of a household), lord
domina, dominae (f)
mistress, lady
lacrima, lacrimae (f)
tear
meta, metae (f)
turning post, goal; limit
monumentum, monumenti (n)
monument
nasus, nasi (m)
nose
saxum, saxi (m)
rock, stone
vultus, vultus (m)
countenance, face
iustus, iusta, iustum
just, right
tot
so many
praeter (+acc.)
besides, except; beyond, past
nonne
introduces questions expecting the answer "yes"
num
1. introduces direction questions which expect the answer "no"

2. introduces indirect question and means "whether"
omino
wholly, entirely, altogether
postremum
after all, finally; for the last time
quin
indeed, in fact
explico, explicare, explicavi, explicatum
to unfold, explain; spread out, deploy
fatigo, fatigare, fatigavi, fatigatum
to weary, tire out
for, fari, fasus sum
to speak (prophetically), talk, foretell
opinor, opinari, opinatus sum
to suppose
reperio, reperire, repperi, repertum
to find, discover, learn, get
vereor, vereri, veritus sum
to show reverence for, respect; be afraid of, fear