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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
scansion
dividing poetry into syllables and then grouping by meter
foot
subdivision of a line
antipenult
3rd to last syllable
asyndeton
not enough connecting words
meter
measured in feet
penult
2nd to last syllable
apostrophe
speaking to something not present or not alive
spondee
--
(long long)
the last two feet of a line are always spondees
parallelism
order of words is the same
(noun verb adj)
(noun verb adjective)
chiasmus
relationship of two pairs of words structurally
(ab ba)
hexameter
a line of poetry with 6 feet
pentameter
line of poetry with 5 feet
Eligiac couplet
2 line stanzas
syllabification
dividing words of a poem into syllables
simile
comparison using like or as
dipthong
two vowels make one sound
e.g. ae, au, oe
blend
two consonants making one sound
e.g. bl br gr
litotes
understatement
("not bad" as opposed to "good")
metaphor
comparison not using like or as
Allision
when a vowel ends a word, and a vowel starts another word, so they are blended during pronunciation(also used when words end un "um")
hyperbole
exaggeration
recitatio
recitation of poetry to public
dactyl
-~~
(long short short)
onomatopoeia
word that stands for a sound
(peep)
caesura
natural pause in a line of peotry
hendiasys
2 nouns for noun/adjective
Antithesis
contrasting ideas in a line of poetry
assonance
repetition of a vowel sound in a line of poetry
alliteration
words in a line of poetry start withthe same letter/sound
polysyndeton
too many connectiong words
elipsis
absence of a verb that is understood in a poem (the most common is the verb to be)
anaphora
repeptition of words or phrases in a clause
rhetorical question
a question that expects no answer
consonance
repetition of a consonant sound in a line of poetry
repetition
repeat words for effect
metonymy
using a less common word in lieu
of a more common one
personification
giving an inanimate object human characteristics
synecdote
using a part to stand for a whole