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855 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
sol, solis, m
sun
serenus, -a, -um
clear, bright
avis, avis, m/f
bird
observo, -are, -avi, -atus
to watch, pay attention to
adeo
so much, to such an extent
deditus, -a, -um
devoted, dedicated
nuper
recently
Heus!
hey there
id quod
that/ a thing which
curae esse
to be a cause of anxiety to
lucet, lucere, luxit
it is light, it is day, it shines
taedet, taedere, taesum est
it bores, it makes acc bored of gen
neglego, neglegere, neglexi, neglectus
to neglect, ignore
oportet, oportere, oportuit
it is fitting, ought
festinare te oportet
that you hurry is fitting
gens, gentis, f
family clan
epulae, -arum, f pl
banquet, feast
similis, -is, -e + dat
similar to
iuvenis, iuvenis, m
young man
submissus, -a, -um
quiet, subdued, soft
despondeo, despondere, despondi, desponsus
to betroth, promise in marriage
decet, decere, decuit
it is fitting, should
ita
thus, in such a way
sic
thus, in this way
talis, -is, -e
such
tam
so
tantus, -a, -um
so great
tantum
so much
tot
so many
sponsalia, sponsalium, n pl
betrothal ceremony
ad sponsalia
for the betrothal
pronuba, -ae, f
bride's attendant
propinquus, -i, m
relative
ait
he/she says
conversus, -a, -um
having turned, turning
anulus, -i, m
ring
sinister, sinistra, sinistrum
left
apto, -are, avi-, atus
to place, fit
gratulor, -ari, -atus sum + dat
to congratulate
demitto, demittere, demisis, demissus
to let down, lower
spondeo, spondere, spopondi, sponsus
to promise solemnly, pledge
purus, -a, -um
spotless, clean, plain white
sumere
to assume (put on for first time)
invitaverat ut
he had invited them to
limen, liminis, n
threshold, doorway
si quis
if anyone
nonnulli, -ae, a (pl)
some
oro, -are, -avi, -atus
to beg
ne se dimitteret
not to send them away
impero, -are, -avi, -atus + dat
to order
Lares, Larum, m pl
household gods
familiaris, -is, -e
belonging to the family/household
praecipio, praecipere, praecepi, praeceptus + dat
to instruct, order
dimitto, dimittere, dimisi, dimissus
to send away
comitor, -ari, -atus sum
to accompany
erat inscribendum
had to be registered
gratias agere + dat
to thank
erga + acc
toward
benevolentia, -ae, f
kindness
amplector, amplecti, amplexus sum
to embrace
hortor
to encourage, urge
impero
to order
invito
to invite
obsecro
to beseech, beg
oro
to beg
rogo
to ask
moneo
to advise, warn
persuadeo
to persuade
praecipio,
to instruct, order
mos, moris, m
custom, pl character
posterus, -a, -um
next, following
placuit
it was decided
ne quis
that no one
enuntio, -are, -avi, -atus
to reveal, divulge
patres, patrum, m pl
senators
eo magis
all the more
dixit actum esse
he said that there had been a debate
utrum...an...
whether..or...
haberet
should have
trepidans, trepidantis
in a panic, panicing
caterva, -ae, f
crowd
potius quam
rather than
ago, agere, egi, actus
to do, drive, to discuss, to debate
profero, proferre, protuli, prolatus
to carry forward, continue
urgeo, urgere, ursi
to press, insist
fides, fidei, f
good faith, reliability, trust
ingenium, -i, n
intelligence, ingenuity
consultum, -i, n
decree
cognomen, cognominis, n
surname (third name)
honoris causa
for the sake of an honor, as an honor
praebeo, -ere, -ui, -itus
to display, show
vitta, -ae, f
ribbon
myrtus, -i, f
myrtle
laurus, -i, f
bay tree, laurel
orno, -are, -avi, -atus
to decorate
ara, -ae, f
altar
sacra, -orum n pl
religious rites, sacrifice
rite
properly
auspex, auspicis, m
augur, officiating priest
exta, -orum, n pl
the inner organs of a sacrificial animal (heart, liver, lungs)
dextra, -ae, f
right hand
nova nupta, -ae, f
bride
ne laberetur
so she wouldn't stumble
iungo, iungere, iunxi, iunctus
to join
ardeo, ardere, arsi, arsurus
to burn, blaze
maritus, -i, m
husband
mortifere
mortally, critically
eximius, -a, -um
outstanding
carus, -a, -um
dear, beloved
funus, funeris, n
funeral
duxit exsequias
(she) carried out the funeral rites
cum...intraverat
whenever she entered
quid ageret
how he was
siccus, -a, -um
dry
decedo, decedere, decessi, decessurus
to die
operio, operire, operui, opertus
to hide, cover
clarus, -a, -um
bright
fax, facis, f
wedding-torch
modus, -i, m
way method, rhythmic manner
Io
ritual exclamation
pectus plangere
to beat the breast
scissa veste
having torn clothing
capillis solutis
dishevelled hair
pompa, ae, f
funeral procession
hortor, -ari, -atus sum
to encourage, urge
levis, -is, -e
smooth
coxa, -ae, f
hip bone
est arcessendus
must be sent for
febris, febris, f
fever
morbus, -i m
illness
funebris, -is, -e
funeral (adj)
tibicen, tibicinis, m
piper
imago, imaginis, f
likeness, mask
maiores, maiorum, m pl
ancestors
mimus, -i, m
actor of mime, buffoon
familiares, familiarium m pl
members of the household
ploro, -are, -avi, -atus
to lament, mourn
frango, frangere, fregi, fractus
to break
ingravesco, ingravescere
to grow worse
scindo, scindere, scidi, scissus
to cut, split, carve, tear
solvo, solvere, solvi, solutus
to loosen, untie, dishevel
commemoro, -are, -avi, -atus
to mention, comment on, recount
merita conferre
to render services to
via flaminia, -ae, f
via flaminia
hilaris, -is, -e
cheerful
exstruo, exstruere, exstruxi, exstructus
to build
situs, -a, -um
located, situated, buried
violo, -are, -avi, -atus
to do harm
pistor, pistoris, m
baker
redemptor, redemptoris, m
contractor
apparitor, apparitoris m
gate keeper
iucundus, -a, -um
pleasant, delightful
gratus, -a, -um + dat
loved by, pleasing to, dear to
officiosus, -a, -um + dat
ready to serve, obliging
dis manibus
to the spirits of the dead
os, ossis, n
bone
opto, -are, -avi, -atus
to wish
eximo, eximere, eximi, exemptus
to remove
paulus, -a, -um
small
cor, cordis, n
heart
natus, -i, m
son
sermo, sermonis, m
conversation, talk
lepidus, -a, -um
charming
incessus, -us, m
bearing, walking
commodus, -a, -um
pleasant
diligo, diligere, dilexi, dilectus
to love, have special regard for
linquo, linquere, linqui
to leave
Aeson, Aesonis, m
Aeson
Pelias, Peliae, m
pelias
in animo habere
to have in mind, intend
Iason, Iasonis, m
Jason
Quidam...ex amicis Aesonis
ceratin of aeson's freinds
sententia, -ae, f
opinion, purpose
aufero, auferre, abstuli, ablatum
to bear away, carry off
re vera
in truth, in fact, really
voluptas, voluptatis, f
pleasure
nescio qui
i doont know what/some
nescio quam fabulam
some story or other
fingo, fingere, finxi, fictum
to invent, make up
fraus, fraudis, f
fraud, deception
Delphi, -orum, m pl
Delphi (a town)
praesentia, -ae, f
the present
calceus, -i, m
shoe
accidit ut
it happened that
facturus esset
was about to make
convenio, convenire, conveni, conventum
to come together, assemble, gather
in transeundo...flumine
in crossing a river
altero pede, nudo
with one foot bare
nudus, -a, -um
naked, bare
Aeetes, Aeetae, m
Aeetes
Colchis, Colchidis, f
Colchis
vellus, velleris, n
fleece
Phrixus, -i, m
Phrixus
potior, potiri, potitus sum + abl
to become the master of, get possession of
pereo, perire, perii, peritum
to pass away, perish
spero, -are, -avi, -atus
to hope
usus, -us, m
use, experience
ad armandas naves
for arming/equipping ships
armo, -are, -avi, -atus
to arm, equip
comporto, -are, -avi, -atus
to carry or bring together, collect
Argus, -i, m
Argus
nauticus, -a, -um
naval, nautical
circiter, adv or prep + acc
about
opus, operis, n
work
praesum, praeesse, praefui + dat
to be before, preside over, be in charge of, command
diligentia, -ae, f
care, diligence, industry
ne...quidem
not even
ad multitudinem hominum transportandam
for transporting a multitude of men
paulum, -i, n
a little
latus, -a, -um
broad, wide
nostro mari
Mediterranean Sea (our sea)
perfero, perferre, pertuli, perlatum
to bear through, bear, endure, weather
tota
totally
robur, roboris, n
oak
novitas, novitatis, f
newness, novelty
traditum est
it has been reported
Orpheus, -i, m
Orpheus
Castor, Castoris, m
Castor
arbitror, arbitrari, arbitratus sum
to consider, think, judge
numero
in number
commoror, commorari, commoratus sum
to delay, linger, stay, tarry
ad omnes casus
for all emergencies
subsidium, -i, n
support, help, reserve, reinforcement
nanciscor, nancisci, nactus sum
to get, find, obtain
plausus, -us, m
applause
Argonautae, -arum, m pl
the Argonauts
veho, vehere, vexi, vectum
to carry
Cyzicus, i, f
Cyzicus, a town
hospitium, -i, n
hospitality
agnosco, agnoscere, agnovi, agnitum
to recognize
obscurus, -a, -um
dark
inimicus, -a, -um
unfriendly, hostile
decurro, decurrere, decucurri, decursum
to run down
dilucesco, dilucescere, diluxi
to grow light, dawn
erro, -are, -avi, -atus
to wander, stray, be mistaken
abicio, abicere, abieci, abiectum
to throw away
dolorem capere
to suffer grief
postridie
on the next day
sublatis ancoris
with the anchors having been weighed
ancora, -ae, f
anchor
Argonautae, -arum, m pl
the Argonauts
veho, vehere, vexi, vectum
to carry
Cyzicus, i, f
Cyzicus, a town
hospitium, -i, n
hospitality
Argonautae, -arum, m pl
the Argonauts
agnosco, agnoscere, agnovi, agnitum
to recognize
veho, vehere, vexi, vectum
to carry
obscurus, -a, -um
dark
Cyzicus, i, f
Cyzicus, a town
inimicus, -a, -um
unfriendly, hostile
hospitium, -i, n
hospitality
decurro, decurrere, decucurri, decursum
to run down
agnosco, agnoscere, agnovi, agnitum
to recognize
dilucesco, dilucescere, diluxi
to grow light, dawn
obscurus, -a, -um
dark
erro, -are, -avi, -atus
to wander, stray, be mistaken
inimicus, -a, -um
unfriendly, hostile
abicio, abicere, abieci, abiectum
to throw away
decurro, decurrere, decucurri, decursum
to run down
dilucesco, dilucescere, diluxi
to grow light, dawn
dolorem capere
to suffer grief
erro, -are, -avi, -atus
to wander, stray, be mistaken
postridie
on the next day
abicio, abicere, abieci, abiectum
to throw away
sublatis ancoris
with the anchors having been weighed
dolorem capere
to suffer grief
ancora, -ae, f
anchor
postridie
on the next day
sublatis ancoris
with the anchors having been weighed
ancora, -ae, f
anchor
ancoras tollere
to weigh anchor
tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatum
to lift, raise, take away, remove
Mysia, -ae, f
Mysia (a country)
in ancoris
at anchor
ob eam causam
therefore, on account of this reason
quo in numero
and in this number
Hylas, Hylae, m
Hylas
fons, fontis, m
fountain, spring
negaret
said...not
Polyphemus, -i, m
Polyphemus
longius
farther
Salmydessus, -i, f
Salmydessus
Phineus, -i, m
Phineus
caecus, -a, -um
blind
volucris, volucris, f
bird
Harpyiae, -arum, f pl
harpies
accubuerat
recline
appono, apponere, apposui, appositum
to put to or near, set before, serve
quin
that.. not, but that, but, that
fames, famis, f
hunger
Male...res se habebat
things were in bad shape
gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum
to be glad, rejoice
dubito, -are, -avi, -atus
to doubt, hesistate
remedium, -i, n
remedy
nihil prodesse
availed nothing
Zetes, Zetae, m
Zetes
Calais, Calais, m
Calais
ala, -ae, f
wing
infestus, -a, -um
unsafe, dangerous
eo consilio
in accordance with this purpose
spatium, -i, n
space, interval, space of time, time
lenis, -is, -e
gentle
prora, -ae, f
prow, bow
columba, -ae, f
pigeon, dove
confligo, confligere, conflixi, conflictum
to dash together
utrimque
on either side, both sides
priusquam
before
positus esse + (in +abl)
to be placed in , rest or depend on
remus, -i, m
oar
auxilio
with the help
evenio, evenire, eveni, eventum
to come out, turn out, happen, befall
intermitto, intermittere, intermisi, intermissum
to leave off, interupt, let pass,
Phasis, Phasidis, m
Phasis
Colchi, -orum , m pl
Colchians
muto, -are, -avi, -atus
to change
prius
before, first
iungo, iungere, iunxi, iunctum
to join, yoke, harness
aro, -are, -avi, -atus
to plow
dens, dentis, m
tooth
sero, serere, sevi, satum
to sow, plant
Medea, ae, f
Medea
adamo, -are, -avi, -atus
to fall in love with
aegere
ill, with difficulty
insciens, inscientis
unknowing, unaware
herba, -ae, f
herb, plant
carpo, carpere, carpsi, carptum
to pluck
sucus, -i, m
juice
exprimo, exprimere, expressi, expressus
to press out
unguentum, -i, n
ointment
alo, alere, alui, altum
to nourish
nervus, -i, m
sinew, muscle
mane
in the morning
oblino, oblinere, oblevi, oblitum
to daub over, smear
magnitudine et viribus
in size and strength
praesto, praestare, praestiti, praestitum
to show
venatio, venationis, f
hunting, hunt
puto, -are, -avi, -atum
to think
orior, oriri, ortus sum
to arise, rise, come forth, spring up
orta luce
at dawn
ingens, ingentis
huge
iugum, -i, n
yoke
valeo, valere, valui, valitum
to be strong or effective, have effect, prevail
meridies, -ei, m
midday, noon, south
spargo, spargere, sparsi, sparsum
to scatter, sprinkle
sementis, sementis, f
seeding, sowing
miro quodam modo
in a certain strange manner
gigno, gignere, genui, genitum
to produce, bring forth
lassitudo, lassitudinis, f
weariness, fatigue
sub vesperum
toward evening
ut praedictum esset
as it was predicted
praedico, praedicere, praedixi, praedictum
to say beforehand, for
controversia, -ae, f
quarrel, dispute, debate
destringo, destringere, destrinxi, destrictum
to draw, unsheathe
dolus, -i, m
trick, craft
absyrtus, -i, m
absyrtus
subduco, subducere, subduxi, subductum,
to draw up, beach
discrimen, discriminis, n
crisis, peril, danger
desero, deserere, deserui, desertum
to desert
prosum, prodesse, profui + dat
to be of advantage, profit, assist
memoria tenere
to hold by memory, remember
aveho, avehere, avexi, avectum
to carry away
praesidium, -i, n
protection, guard, escort
suspendo, suspendere, suspendi, suspensum
to hang up, to hang
egregie
excellently, splendidly, admirably
et...et
both...and
munio, munire, munivi, munitum
to fortify
deripio, deripere, deripui, dereptum
to snatch down or away, tear off, pull down
fauces, faucium, f pl
throat, jaws, mouth
pedem, referre
to draw back, retire, retreat
locus, -i, m
place
anxius, -a, -um
anxious
ad occasum solis
until sunset
aliqui
some
dux, ducis, m/f
leader, commander
eluceo, elucere, eluxi
to shine out, shine
inimico...animo
of hostile mind
se...recipere
to betake oneself, go
iuvo, iuvare, iuvi, iutum
to help
exardesco, exardescere, exarsi, exarsum
to blaze out, be inflamed, rage
navis longa
warship
insequor, insequi, insecutus sum
to follow up upon, up or purse
eadem celeritate qua
with the same speed as
adicio, adicere, adieci, adiectum
to throw to, throw, hurl
at
but
abduco, abducere, abduxi, abductum
to lead or take away
membrum, -i, n
limb, member
existimo, -are, -avi, -atum
to consider, believe, think
prosequor, prosequi, prosecutus sum
to follow forward, follow
fallo, fallere, fefelli, falsum
to decieve
ubi primum
when first, as soon as
colligo, colligere, collegi, collectum
to gather together, collect
remigo, -are, -avi, -atus
to row
Eridanus, -i, m
Eridanus, Po
animo demisso
with a downcast mind (spirit)
etiam tum
even then, still
ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentum
to stretch out before, show explain
tristita, -ae, f
sadness
permaneo, permanere, permansi, permansum
to remain through, remain
dubius, -a, -um
doubtful, uncertain
supremus, -a, -um
last, highest
vivo, vivere, vixi, victum
to live
succedo, succedere, successi, sucessum
to go or come under, follow after, succeed
oratio, orationis, f
speech
senex, senis, m
old man
aries, arietis, m
ram
vas, vasis, n
vessel, pot
effervesco, effervescere, efferbui
to boil up or over, boil
carmen, carminis, n
song, charm
cano, canere, cecini, cantum
to sing
exsilio, exsilire, exsilui
to lea[]D out or forth
miraculum, -i, n
wonder, marvel, miracle
intueor, intueri, intuitus sum
to look upon, behold
restituo, restituere, restitui, restitutum
to set up again, put back, restore
aliter...ac
otherwise... than
coniunx, coniugis, m/f
spouse, husband, wife
pereo, periire, perii, peritum
to pass away, perish
Acastus, -i, m
Acastus
Glauce, Glauces, f
Glauce
remitto, remittere, remisi, remissum
to send back, send
ius iurandum, iuris, iurandi, n
oath
texo, texere, texui, textum
to weave
color, coloris, m
color
uro, urere, ussi, ustum
to burn
more suo
according to her own custom
amentia, -ae, f
madness
currus, -us, m
chariot
ala, -ae, f
wing
escendo, escendere, escendi, escensum
to climb up
itaque
and thus
ad id tempus
up to that time
erectus, -a, -um
upright, erect
pars, partis, f
part, side, direction (part of a compass)
iaceo, iacere, iacui
to lie, be prostrate
delabor, delabi, delapsus sum
to sip or fall down
Gallia...omnis
Gaul, taken as a whole
divisus, -a, -um
divided
incolo, incolere, incolui
to dwell, inhabit
Belgae, -arum, m pl
the Belgae
Aquitani, -orum, m pl
the Aquitani
ipsorum lingua
in their own language
Celtae, -arum, m pl
the Celts
Galli, -orum, m pl
the gauls
institutum, -i, n
institution, custom
lex, legis, f
law
Garumna, -ae, f
the Garonee
Matrona, -ae, f
the Marne
Sequana, -ae, f
the Seine
propterea quod
because
cultus, -us, m
cultivation, standard of living, civilization
humanitas, humanitatis, f
humane character, moral refinement
provincia, -ae, f
province
minime saepe
very seldom, least often
commeo, -are, -avi, -atus
to go back and forth, + (ad + acc) to reach
effemino, -are, -avi, -atus
to remove one's manliness, weaken
ad effeminandos animos
to dull the fighting spirit
pertineo, -ere, -ui
to extend, tend
importo, -are, -avi, -atus
to bring in, introduce (for sale)
proximus, -a, -um + dat
nearest to, closest to
Rhenus, -i, m
the Rhine
continenter
continually
qua de causa
for this reason
Helvetius, -a, -um
of the helvetii, Helvetian
virtus, virtutis, f
courage, bravery
praecedo, praecedere, praecessi, praecessurus
to go before, surpass
cotidianus, -a, -um
daily
proelium, -i, n
battle, skirmish
contendo, contendere, contendi, contentus
to struggle, fight, clash
finis, finis, m
end, boundry, pl borders, territory
prohibeo, -ere, -ui, itus
to prevent, to keep acc away from abl
Arar, Araris, m
the Sao^ne
Aedui, -orum, m pl
the Aedui
Sequani, -orum, m pl
the Sequani
Rhodanus, -i, m
the Rho^ne
influo, influere, influxi, influcturus
to flow in, flow
lenitas, lenitatis, f
gentleness, slowness, sluggishness
uter, utra, utrum
which (of two)
fluo, fluere, fluxi, flucturus
to flow
iudico, -are, -avi, -atus
to judge, decide, determine
ratis, ratis, f
raft
linter, lintris, f
canoe
explorator, exploratoris, m
scout, pl scouting party, patrol
certior fiere
to make more ceratin, to inform
tres...partes
3 quarters
copiae, -arum, f pl
troops
citra + acc
on this side of, on the near (roman) side of
de
at the start of, just after
vigilia, -ae, f
watch
castra, -orum, n pl
camp
impeditus, -a, -um
undered, hampered, encumbered with supplies
inopinans, inopinantis
unaware, caught off guard
aggredior, aggredi, agressus sum
to approach, to go against, attack
concido, concidere, concidi, concisus
to cut up, kill
sese
=se, themselves
mando, -are, -avi, -atus
to hand over
abdo, abdere, abdidi, abditus
to put away, conceal, + se to hide oneself
pagus, -i, m
community, clan, district
Tigurinus, -a, -um
Tigurinus
civitas, civitatis, f
state, nation
memoria
within the memory of, in the life time of
L. Cassius, -i, m
Lucius Cassius
interficio, interficere, interfeci, interfectus
to kill
exercitus, -us, m
army
iugum, -i, n
yoke
sive...sive
whether...or
casu
by chance, accidentally
insignis, -is, -e
clear, distinctive, significant, historic
calamitas, calamitatis, f
injury, harm, disaster, defeat
infero, inferrer, intuli, inlatus
to bring in, to infict acc on dat
princeps, principis
earlier, first
persolvo, persolvere, persolvi, persolutus
to pay off, to pay penalty
qua in re
in this matter, in this way
non solum...sed etiam
not only... but also
iniuria, -ae, f
wrongdoing, harm, injury
ulciscor, ulcisci, ultus sum
to avenge
socer, soceri, m
father-in-law
L. Piso, L. Pisonis, m
Lucius Calpurius Piso
avus, -i, m
grandfather
Vesontio, Vesontionis, m/f
Besancon
res frumentaria, rei frumentariae, f
grain supply
commeatus, -us, m
food supply, provisions
percontatio, percontationis, f
inquiry, questioning
vox, vocis, f
voice, pl words, statements, replies
exercitatio, exercitationis, f
training
praedico, -are, -avi, -atus
to report, declare
saepenumero
very often, frequently
congredior, congredi, congressus sum
to come into contact, fight
acies, aciei, f
edge, stare, gaze
mediocriter
moderately
perturbo, -are, -avi, -atus
to throw into confusion, to disturb, upset
a
with
tribunus militum, tribuni militum, m
military tribune
praefectus, -i, m
officer, commander of auxilaries
reliquisque
and the others
non magnum
not much, very little
res militaris, rei militaris, f
military affairs
usus, -us, m
use, practice, experience
voluntas, voluntatis, f
will approval, permission
pudor, pudoris, m
shame sense of honor, feeling of dishonor
adduco, adducer, adduxi, adductus
to lead, to sway, to influence
fingo, fingere, finxi, fictum
to form, shape, control
vultum fingere
to control one's expressions
interdum
sometimes, at times
tabernaculum, -i, n
tent
queror, queri, questus sum
to complain about, grumble about
familiaris, familiaris, m
companion, close friend
miseror, miserari, miseratus sum
to beamon, wail, cry over
vulgo
everywhere
testamentum, -i, n
will
obsigno, -are, -avi, -atus
to sign and seal
equitatus, -us, m
cavalry
praesum, praeesse, praefui + dat
to be in command of
angustiae, -arum f pl
narrowness, difficulties
Ariovistus, -i, m
Ariovistus
commode
adequately, suitably
supporto, -are, -avi, -atus
to bring up, supply, provide
signum, -i, n
sign, signal, military standard
dicto audiens, dicto audientis
obidient
ordo, ordinis, m
rank
adhibeo, -ere, -ui, -itus
to bring in, summon
incuso, -are, -avi, -atus
to reprimand, rebuke
cupidus, -a, -um
desirous, eager
appeto, appetere, appetivi, appetitus
to seek, pursue
temere
recklessly, rashly
quisquam, quicquam
anyone, anything
officium, -i, n
duty, task, mission
postulatum, -i,n
demand, request
aequitas, aequitatis, f
fairness
condicio, condicionis, f
condition, agreeement, terms
perspicio, perspicere, perspexi, perspectus
to look closely, to see clearly
gratia, -ae, f
favor, good will
repudio, -are, -avi, -atus
to reject, turn down
quod si
but if
furor, furoris, m
frenzy, madness
amentia, -ae, f
insanity
impello, impellere, impuli, impulsus
to urge on, drive
bellum inferre
to wage war
tandem
finally
despero, -are, -avi, -atus
+ de + abl, to lose hope of, give up on
pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsus
to drive back, to rout
imperator, imperatoris, m
commander, general
plerumque
generally, usually, often
reperio, reperire, repperi, repertus
to find, discover
defatigo, -are, -avi, -atus
to wear out, exhaust
ratio, rationis, f
reason, plan, method, stratagem, ploy
barbarus, -a, -um
foreign, uncivilized, undisciplined
frumentum, -i, n
grain, pl crops
nihil
not at all
desum, deesse, defui + dat
to be lacking, fall short, fail
longiorem
later
confero, conferre, contuli, collatus + in + acc
to put off until
repraesento, -are, -avi, -atus
to do at once
proxima nocte
tonight
quam primum
as soon as possible
praeterea nemo
no one else
dubito, -are, -avi, -atus
to be uncertain, have doubts
praetoria cohors, praetoriae cohortis, f
military bodyguard
indulgeo, indulgere, indulsi + dat
to favor
praecipue
especially
confido, confidere, confisus sum
to be confident, + dat to trust, have faith in
postridie eius diei
on the following day
frumentum, -i, n
grain, pl crops
nihil
not at all
desum, deesse, defui + dat
to be lacking, fall short, fail
longiorem
later
confero, conferre, contuli, collatus + in + acc
to put off until
repraesento, -are, -avi, -atus
to do at once
proxima nocte
tonight
quam primum
as soon as possible
praeterea nemo
no one else
dubito, -are, -avi, -atus
to be uncertain, have doubts
praetoria cohors, praetoriae cohortis, f
military bodyguard
indulgeo, indulgere, indulsi + dat
to favor
praecipue
especially
confido, confidere, confisus sum
to be confident, + dat to trust, have faith in
postridie eius diei
on the following day
frumentum, -i, n
grain, pl crops
nihil
not at all
desum, deesse, defui + dat
to be lacking, fall short, fail
longiorem
later
confero, conferre, contuli, collatus + in + acc
to put off until
repraesento, -are, -avi, -atus
to do at once
proxima nocte
tonight
quam primum
as soon as possible
praeterea nemo
no one else
dubito, -are, -avi, -atus
to be uncertain, have doubts
praetoria cohors, praetoriae cohortis, f
military bodyguard
indulgeo, indulgere, indulsi + dat
to favor
praecipue
especially
confido, confidere, confisus sum
to be confident, + dat to trust, have faith in
postridie eius diei
on the following day
praesidium, -i, n
guard
alarii, -orum, m pl
auxilary troops
conspectus, -us, m
sight, general view
constituo, constituere, constitui, constitutus
to set up, arrange, place
legionarius, -a, -um
of the legion, legionary
pro
in comparison with, compared to
species, -ei, f
sight, appearance
ad speciem
for appearances sake
utor, uti, usus sum + abl
to use, employ
triplex, tripicis
triple
instruo, instruere, instruxi, instructus
to build, to draw up, form
acies, -ei, f
battle line
usque ad + acc
as far as, right up to
demum
finally, at last
generatim
tribe by tribe
intervallum, -i, n
interval, distance (apart)
carrus, -i, m
cart
circumdo, circumdare, circumdedi, circumdatus
to surround
spes, -ei, f
hope, expectation, prospect
pando, pandere, pandi, passus
to spread out, stretch out, extend
fleo, flere, flevi, fletus
to cry, weep
imploro, -are, -avi, -atus
to implore, beg
singuli, -ae, -a pl
single, individual
quaestor, quaestoris, m
quaestor
praeficio, praeficere, praefeci, praefectus
to put acc in charge of dat
testis, testis, m
witness
quisque, quaeque, quodque
each
cornu, -us, n
horn, army = wing
a + cornu
on the wing
minime firmam
the least strong, weakest
repente
suddenly
spatium, -i, n
space, oppurtunity
pilum, -i, n
javelin
reicio, reicere, reieci, reiectus
to throw back, aside
comminus
hand to hand, at close quarters
consuetudo, consuetudinis, f
custom, habit
phalanx, phalangis, f
phalanx
insilio, insilire, insilui
to jump on, leap
scutum, -i, n
shield
revello, revellere, revelli, revulsus
to tear acc from abl
desuper
from above
premo, premere, pressi, pressus
to press hard, bear down on
expeditus, -a, -um
lightly armed, unhampered, free
versor, versari, versatus sum, + inter + acc
to be involved in, to be in
subsidium, -i, n
reinforcement, support, help
restituo, restituere, restitui, restitutus
to restore, revive, renew
tergum vertere
to trun one's back, to turn and flee, to flee
priusquam
before, until
desisto, desistere, destiti, destitus
+ inf to stop doing
passus, -us, m
step, pace
circiter
about
perpauci, -ae, -a (pl)
very few
viribus confisi
trusting in their strength
trano, -are, -avi, -atus
to swim across
contendo, contendere, contendi, contentus
to attempt, try
salus, salutis, f
saftey, (a means of) survival
navicula, -ae, f
small boat
deligo, -are, -avi, -atus
to fasten, tie up
ripa, -ae, f
bank, shore
nanciscor, nancisci, nactus sum
to chance upon, find
eques, equitis, m
horseman, pl cavalry
Suebus, -a, -um
of the Suebi tribe, Sueban
natio, nationis, f
people, race
Noricus, -a, -um
of Noricum, Norican
Voccio, Voccionis, m
Voccio, (king of Noricum)
deligo, deligere, delegi, delectus
to pick out, choose
pereo, perire, perii, periturus
to perish, die
summum, -i, n
highest point, top
aequaliter
evenly
declivis, -is, -e
sloping downward
Sabis, Sabis, m
the Sambre
vergo, vergere,
to slipe down, be inclinded down to, descend
acclivitas, acclivitatis, f
ascent, upward slope
adversus, -a, -um + dat
opposite, facing
contrarius, -a, -um
facing, across the way
apertus, -a, -um
open, exposed
superior, superior, superius
higher
silvestris, -is, -e
wooded, covered with trees
introrus
within
occultus, -a, -um
hidden, secret, concealed
in occulto
in hiding
secundum, + acc
along, alongside
statio, stationis, f
lookout post, detattchment
altitudo, altitudinis, f
height, depth
agmen, agminis, n
marching line, army on the march
aliter
otherwise, differently
Nervii, -orum, m pl
nervii
defero, deferre, detuli, delatus
to carry along, to report
expiditas
in light marching order
impedimentum, -i, n
impediment, obstacle
colloco, -are, -avi, -atus
to place, position
proxime
most recently
concscribo, conscribere, conscripsi, conscriptus
to enlist, raise, levy
agmen claudere
to close the column, bring up the rear
funditor, funditoris, m
slinger
sagittarius, -i, m
archer
recipio, recipere, recepi, receptus
to receive, take back
se recipere
to retreat, withdraw
porrigo, porrigere, porrexi, porrectus
to reach out, stretch, extend
pertineo, pertinere, pertinui,
to reach, end
opus, operis, n
work, building, fortifying
dimetior, dimetiri, dimensus sum
to measure out
munio, -ire, -ivi, -itus
to fortify, construct, build
lateo, latere, latui
to lie hidden, be concleaded
convenio, convenire, conveni, conventus
to come together, come to an agreement, to be agreed upon
confirmo, -are, -avi, -atus
to strengthen, to encourage
provolo, -are, -avi, -atus
to fly forward, to rush forward
proturbo, -are, -avi, -atus
to drive away in confusion, scatter pell-mell
in manibus nostris
in our midst, among us
adverso colle
up the hill
contendo, contendere ,contendi, contentus
to rush, hasten
vexillum, -i, n
flag, banner
propono, proponere, proposui, propositus
to pur up, raise
insigne, insignis, n
mark, signal, cue, sign
tuba, -ae, f
trumpet
paulo longius
a little farther
agger, aggeris, m
mound, rampart
cohortor, cohortari, cohortatus sum
to exhort, encourage
incursus, -us, m
assault, attack
superioribus proeliis
in earlier battles
praescribo, praescribere, praesripsi, praescriptus
to describe before hand, to decide, determine
propinquitas, propinquitatis, f
nearness, proximity
nihil iam
not any longer, no longer
imperium, -i, n
command, order
administro, -are, -ari, -atus
to manage, carry out, handle
fors, fortis, f
luck chance
offero, offerre, obtuli, oblatus
to offer, present
oratio, orationis, f
speech
pristinus, -a, -um
original, former, earlier
neu
nor, and...not
telum, -i, n
weapon
adigo, adigere, adegi, adactus
to drive, throw, hurl
item
likewise
exiguitas, exiguitatis, f
shortness, shortage
dimico, -are, -avi, -atus
to fight
non modo...sed etiam
not only...but also
insigne, insignis, n
mark, badge, decoration
accomodo, -are, -avi, -atus
to put on, attatch
galea, -ae, f
helmet
tegimentum, -i, n
covering, wrapping
consisto, consistere, constiti
to stop, to take up a position
dimitto, dimittere, dimisi, dimissus
to send away, to let sleep away, lose
cohortatio, cohortationis, f
exhortation, address
urgeo, urgere, ursi
to press hard
confertus, -a, -um
crowded together, closely packed
signifer, signiferi, m
standard bearer
amitto, amittere, amisi, amissus
to send away, to let go, lose
conficio, conficere ,confect, confectus
to complete ,to exhaust, overcome
tardus, -a, -um
slow, lagging, hanging back
novissimi, -orum, m pl
the newly recruited
desero, deserere, deserui, desertus
to desert, leave, abandon
inferior, inferior, inferius
lower
subeo, subire, subii, subiturus
to come up to, approach
intermitto, intermittere, intermisi, intermissus
to leave off, cease, stop
latus, lateris, n
side, flank (of an army)
insto, instare, institi, instaturus
to press forward
augustum, -i, n
crisis, critical moment, confined space
summitto, summittere, summisi, summissus
to send as help
nominatim
by name
manipulus, -i, m
maniple (120 men )
laxo, -are, -avi, -atus
to widen, spread out
redintegro, -are, -avi, -atus
to renew, revive
extremus, -a, -um
extreme, last
extremis suis
personally perilous, life threatening
opera, -ae, f
work, task
navo, -are, -avi, -atus
to devote oneself to
operam navare
to go all out, join in fully
tardo, -are, -avi, -atus
to hinder, slow down, check
iuxta
nearby
coniungo, coniungere, coniunxi, coniunctus
to join together, connect
converto, convertere, converti, conversus
to turn, wheel around
quo facto
after this was done
aversus, -a, -um
turned away, with one's back turned
circumvenio, circumvenire, circumveni, circumventus
to surround
novissimus, -a, -um
most recent, last in position
cursus, -us, m
running, speed, step
cursu incitato
at full speed, with quickened step
conspicor, conspicari, conspicatus sum
to catch sight of, notice, see
calo, calonis, m
camp servant
commutatio, commutationis, f
change, reversal, turn around
innitor, inniti, innixus sum + abl
to lean on, support oneself with
inermis, -is, -e
without weapons, unarmed
occurro, occurrere, occurri, occursurus + dat
to rush against, attack
turpitudo, turpitudinis, f
shame, disgrace
praefero, praeferre, praetuli, praelatus
to carry in front
se praeferre + dat
to surpass, out perform, out fight
praesto, praestare, praestiti, praestatus
to excel, exhibit, display
insisto, insistere, institi + dat
to stand on
deicio, deicere, deieci, deiectus
to throw down, kill
coacervo, -are, -avi, -atus
to pile up
supersum, superesse, superfui
to be left, remain, survive
tumulus, -i, m
mound, hill
intercipio, intercipere, intercepi, interceptus
to catch in flight, to retreive
nequiquam
in vain, w/o cause
iniquus, -a, -um
uneven, unfavorable
redigo, redigere, redegi, redactus
to drive back, render, make
creber, crebra, crebrum
repeated, numerous, frequent
excursio, excursionis, f
a running out, sortie, sally, small raid
vallum, -i, n
wall, rampart
circuitus, -us, m
circumference
castellum, -i, n
lookout tower, fortified settlement
circummunio, -ire, -ivi, -iuts
to surround with walls, to hem in
vinea, -ae, f
vineyard, shed
exstruo, exstruere, exstruxi, exstructus
to build up, construct
turris, turris, f
tower
increpito, increpitare
to blame, taunt
machinatio, machinationis, f
machine, mechanical device
spatium, -i, n
space, distance
a tanto spatio
so far away, at such a distance
praesertim
especially, particularly
prae + abl
before, in comparison with
statura, -ae, f
stature, body size, height
contemptus
contempt, scorn
inusitatus, -a, -um
unusual, unfamiliar, extraordinary
ops, opis, f
power, help, aid
potestas, potestatis, f
power, control, authority
permitto, permittere, permisi, permissus
to give over, surrender
deprecor, deprecari, deprecatus sum
to pray for, beg, strongly request
pro
in accordance with, keeping with
clementia, -ae, f
kindness, forgiveness, mercifulness
mansuetudo, mansuetudinis, f
gentleness, compassion
statuo, statuere, statui, statutus
to set up, determine, decide
atuatuci, -orum, m pl
atuatuci
despolio, -are, -avi, -atus
to rob, to deprive acc of abl
finitimi, -orum, m pl
neighbors