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27 Cards in this Set

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indicates the material of which a thing is made
Genitive of Material
no preposition

poculum auri = a goblet of gold
depends on a noun of verbal meaning

used as the object of the verbal idea
Objective Genitive
no preposition

amor laudis = love of praise
cupiditas pecuniae = greed for money
expresses the purpose for which a person or thing serves
Dative of Purpose
no preposition

hos libros dono misit = he sent these books as a gift
used with sum

expresses the idea of possession
Dative of Possession
no preposition

liber est meus = a book is to me = I have a book
tells in what specific respect a verb or an adjective holds true
Ablative of Specification
no preposition

id genus erat intractabile bello = that race was unmanageable in war
indicates a cause or reason
Ablative of Cause
no preposition

miser timore delirat = the wretched man is insane with/from fear
used with comparatives and adverbs suggesting comparison

indicates the degree of difference in the comparison
Ablative of Degree of Difference
no preposition

tanto melius = the better by so much = so much the better
used with cardinal numbers (besides milia) and with quidam (a certain one)

expresses the idea of the whole
Ablative with Cardinal Numbers (and with Quidam)
used with ex or de

tres ex amicis meis = three of my friends
quidam ex eis = a certain one of them
used with a modifying abjective to modify another noun
Genitive and Ablative of Description
no preposition

femina magnae sapientiae = a woman of great intellect
miles firma manu = the soldier with the strong hand
used after a word designating a part of a whole

expresses the whole of some thing or group
Partitive Genitive = Genitive of the Whole (98-99)
no preposition

pars urbis = part of the city
nihil temporis = nothing of time = no time
multum boni = many things of good = much good
used with an adjective

indicates the direction (literal or metaphorical) in which the adjective applies
Dative with Adjective
no preposition

mors est similis somno = death is similar to sleep
used with the passive periphrastic

indicates the agent of the action
Dative of Agent
no preposition

hic liber mihi cum cura legendus erit = this book will have to be read by me with care = I will have to read this book with care
indicates place where
Locative of Place Where
no preposition

visus est Romae = he was seen at Rome
indicates a person/thing to whom some statement refers, or from whose perspective it is true, or to whom it is of special interest
Dative of Reference or Interest
no preposition

si quis metuens vivet, liber mihi non erit umquam = if anyone lives in fear, he will not ever be free -- as I see it
indicates for how long a period of time the action occurs
Accusative of Duration of Time
no preposition

multos annos vixit = he lived for many years
used to indicate subject with an infinitive phrase in an indirect statement
Accusative with Infinitive in Indirect Statement
no preposition

magister dicit Iuliam esse discipulam bonam = the teachers says that Julia is a good student
indicates place to which
Accusative of Place to Which
no preposition

ibit Romam = he will go to Rome
consists of noun/pronoun and modifying participle

describes general circumstances under which the action occurs
Ablative Absolute
no preposition

Roma visa, viri gaudebant = Rome having been seen, the men rejoiced
indicates accompaniment
Ablative of Accompaniment
used with cum

cum amicis venerunt = they came with friends
used adverbially to modify, or limit, the verb
Ablative as Adverbial Case
used with or without preposition
indicates place where
Ablative of Place Where
used with in and sub

in urbe id scripsit = he wrote it in the city
indicates manner
Ablative of Manner
used with cum or without preposition, when an adjective is used

cum cura id scripsit = he wrote it with care
magna cura id scripsit = he wrote it with great care
indicates place from which
Ablative of Place From Which
used with ab, de and ex

ex urbe id misit = he sent it from the city
indicates separation
Ablative of Separation
used with ab, de and ex or without a preposition

ab urbe eos prohibuit = he kept them from the city
metu eos liberavit = he freed them from fear
indicates personal agent
Ablative of Personal Agent
used with ab

ab amico id scriptum est = it was written by his friend
indicates means
Ablative of Means
used without a preposition

sua manu id scripsit = he wrote it with his own hand
indicates time when or within which
Ablative of Time When or Within Which
used without a preposition

eo tempore = at that time
una hora = in one hour