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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Highest social class in Spanish colonies; born on Iberian peninsula (Spain); had all the power and most of the wealth
PENINSULARES
Children of the peninsulares but born in America; had money but not power
CRIOLLOS/CREOLES
New ethnic group created by mixing Native American with Spanish
MESTIZOS
New ethnic group created by mixing African with Spanish
MULATTOS
The governor of the Spanish colony
VICEROY
Peninsulares sent by the monarch to spy on the viceroy
AUDIENCIA
Economic system in which colony gives raw materials to mother country and mother country sells back manufactured goods to the colony
MERCANTILISM
A person who converts others to their religion
MISSIONARY
Spanish missionary who protected the Native Americans because they had converted to Christianity
BARTOLOME DE LAS CASAS
Economic system in which Native Americans are forced to work for the Spanish colonists
ENCOMIENDA
Economic system in which Native American are forced to work for the Spanish colonists for PART of the year
REPARTIMIENTO
Independence leader of Haiti
TOUSSAINT L'OUVERTURE
Island which contains Haiti and the Dominican Republic
HISPANIOLA
First Latin American country to achieve independence
HAITI
Known as the "Liberator", this criollo freed northern South America from Spanish rule
SIMON BOLIVAR
Criollo priest who led independence rebellin of mestizos and Native Americans in Mexico
MIGUEL HIDALGO (JOSE MORELOS)
Portugues colony in Latin America which basically asked for independence and received it
BRAZIL
Known as the "Knight of the Andes", this criollo freed southern South America from Spanish rule
JOSE DE SAN MARTIN
Rule by a select few - in Latin America's case the Catholic Church, the military and landowners
OLIGARCHY
When people feel more loyalty to their local area than to their nation; usually caused by geographic barriers
REGIONALISM
Term for a Latin American dictator
CAUDILLO
Attempt by Simon Bolivar to create a democratic country in northern South America; failed due to uneducated citizens and geographic barriers
GRAN COLOMBIA