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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Why did Columbus call the people in the Americas Indians?
Because he thought he was in the East Indies in Asia
Mestizos
People of mixed Spanish and Native American descent
Why is the language and background of Brazil Portuguese?
Because of the Treaty of Tordesillas
What were the three main social classes of Lima?
Spaniards
Mestizos
Native Americans
After a fierce and bloody battle the Aztec's surrendered to Cortex in what year?
1521
What year did Pizarro conquer the Incan empire?
1535
Which Spanish conquistador conquered the Aztecs?
Hernan Cortes
What was Lima's geographic layout based on?
Spanish social class
What year did Hernan Cortes sail to Mexico in search of treasure?
1519
hacienda
Plantation owned by Spaniards or the Catholic Church
Encomiendas
Spain's settlers
In return for the right to hunt for treasure the conquistadors agreed to do what?
They had to give Spain one fifth of any treasure they found
What were the two most important provinces in Spain's territories?
New Spain and Peru
What was the capital of New Spain?
Mexico City
What was the capital of Peru?
Lima
Treaty of Tordesillas
An agreement between Spain and Portugal that set the Line Of Demarcation
What did Spain divide its territory into?
Provinces
Line of Demarcation
imaginary line from North Pole to South Pole at 50* longitude-Gave Spain west of the line and Portugal east to trade and settle in
What were the first two countries to search for new trade routes to Asia?
Spain and Portugal
List four reasons the conquistadors were able to conquer the Aztec and the Incan Empire
They had guns and cannons.
They rode horses.
They carried diseases.
Because of rivalry some natives helped them.
Treaty
an agreement in writing between two or more countries
What was the name of the Aztec ruler who surrendered to Cortes?
Moctezuma
Which Spanish conquistador conquered the Incan Empire?
Francisco Pizarro
Conquistador
Conquerors
Who did Christopher Columbus ask to sponsor his voyage first?
Portugal
Malinche
Daughter of a Mayan leader who translated for Cortes
Encomiendas
Spaniards right to demand taxes or labor from Native Americans
Which country agreed to sponser Christopher Columbus on his voyage to Asia
Spain
Who did Moctezuma think Cortes was?
the god Quetzalcoatl returning to rule the Aztecs
When did Christopher Columbus land in the Americas?
October 12, 1942