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83 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
fabula, fabulae, f.
STORY!
Familia, Familiae, f.
HOUSEHOLD!
Filia, Filiae, f.
DAUGHTER!
Poeta, Poetae, m.
POET!
Regina,reginae, f.
QUEEN!
Vita, Vitae, f.
LIFE!
Amo, Amare,
LOVE,LIKE!
Habito, Habitare
LIVE, DWELL!
Laudo, Laudare, Laudavi
PRAISE!
Narro, Narrare
TELL, NARRATE!
Voco, Vocare
CALL!
Cum (prep. used in abl.)
WITH!
Et (conjunction)

Et (adverbs)
AND!

ALSO, EVEN!
Dea,Deaae
GODDESS!
Nauta, Nautae
SAILOR!
Ambulo, Ambulare
WALK!
Navigo, Navigare
SAIL!
Occupo, Occupare
SEIZE!
Specto, Spaectare
LOOK AT, WATCH!
Sum, Esse
BE!
Non(adverb)
NOT!
Quo(? adverb)

Relative Adverb
WHERE TO!

TO WHICH PLACE!
Ubi(Adverb
WHERE AT!
Unde (? adverb)
WHERE FROM!
Super(Prep. acc.)
OVER, ABOVE!
ager, agri, m.
FIELD, TERRITORY!
Amicus, amici, m.
FRIEND!
auxilium, auxili, n.
HELP< AID!
bellum, beli, n.
WAR!
legatus, legati, m.
LEAGTE, ENVOY!
nuntius, nunti, m.
MESSAGE, NEWS, MESSENGER
oppidum, oppidi, n.
TOWN!
puer, pueri, n.
BOY!
verbum, verbi, n.
WORD!
vir, viri, m.
MAN, HUSBAND, HERO!
paro, parare
PREPARE!
porto, partare
CARRY, BRING!
contra (adverb)
ON THE CONTRARY, ON THE OTHER HAND (prep w. acc) against
itaque (conjunction)
AND SO, THEREFORE!
A Latin Noun has ______ cases.
Six
Nominative
Names the subject of the sentence.
Voactive Case
Direct address.
Genitive case
enables a noun to qualify another noun. the gardens of Caeser
Dative Case.
expresses the object indirectly, I gave a book to Lucius.
Accusative Case
Limits the action of the verb, I ran a mile.
Ablative Proper
separation:from, He comes from New York.
Circumstantial Ablative
Ablative circimstance: with: She listened with great eagerness.
Locative Ablative
Location in space or time, in, on, at. on Thursday, at seven o'clock.
Latin and English are descendants of a parent language called____ - _______.
Indo-European
Latin expresses the relationships of words to each other by ________ the endings of the words.
Changing
English and other younger languages express the relationships of words to each other by word order, prepositions and ___________ verbs.
auxiliary
Changes in endings are called _________.
Inflections
Inflections of nouns, adjectives, and pronouns is called _________.
declension
Inflection of verbs is called _________.
conjugation
Words naming males are nouns of the _____ gender.
masculine
Words naming females are nouns of the _______ gender.
feminine
A latin verb has _____ tenses.
six
presenmt tense
action going on in the present
past tense perfect
action occured in the past, without qualification
past tense imperfect
action was going on (not completed) at some time in the past
past tense pluperfect
an action already completed some time in the past
future tense
an action taking place in the future
future tense perfect
an action completed sometime in the future
Latin pronunciation
Vowels only have a short or long sound, sound of a consonant seldom varies and there are no silent letters
Latin Alphabet is like English except for
there is no j or w, y and z are only used in words of Greek origin, y is always a vowel
what does a macron (pl. macra) signify?
each latin vowel has two sounds, long and short, short are unmarked all long are marked by a macron
Latin has five dipthongs
ae = aye
au = ow
eu = ay-oo
oe = oy, joy
ui = uee, like queen
First declension nouns, singular
Nom = -a
Gen = -ae
Dat = -ae
Acc = -am
Abl = -a~
First declension nouns, plural
Nom = -ae
Gen = -~arum
Dat = -~is
Acc = -~as
Abl = -~is
agricola, agricolae, m.
farmer
femina, feminae, f.
woman
patria, patriae, f.
fatherland, native land
provincia, provinciae, f.
province
puella, puellae, f.
girl
silva, silvae, f.
woods, forest
terra, terrae, f.
earth, land
via, viae, f.
way, road, street
villa, villae, f.
farmhouse, villa
est
is, there is
sunt
are, there are
in (preposition)
in, on
When est and sunt mean there is and there are they ___ the subject.
precede, Agricola est in villa. The farmer is in the farmhouse.
All verbs whose present stems end in ~a (voc~are) belong to the first conjugation.
1st person sing voco
2nd person sing vocas
3rd person sing vocat
1st person plu vocamus
2nd person plu vocatis
3rd person plu vocant