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185 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
proper workspace design can result in fewer injuries, headaches, and general aches and pains for computer users
T
the americans with diabilities act (ADA) requires companies with 1 or more employees to make reasonable accommodations for known physical or mental limitations of otherwise qualified individuals, unless doing so results in undue hardship for the company
F
The National Electronics Products Stweardship Initiative is developing a plan that would accept old computers and other electronic products, recycle what is possible, and safely dispose the rest
T
Although the ability to be in touch constantly is an advantage fro some people, under certain condictions, it can also be a source of great stress.
T
unlike the law diminishing returns for economics and production, the value of additional information while performing internet research continues to increase, so it's always worth your time to pursue it.
F
burnout is often born from bad intentions
F
the digital divide refers to the differences between individuals within a particulatr country, but NOT between one country and another
F
More men than women use the Internet to check news, weather, and sports, but more women go online to find information on health services or practices
T
one-handed keyboards are available for users that have the use of only one had.
T
There are feet mice, which are controlled by the feet
T
screen reading devices can typically read everything on the screen, including images with no alternative text descriptions.
F
an alternative text descripation can easily be added to an image when Web page id developed, but it is not always done.
T
Alternative text descriptions are displayed wthen the image is pointed to with the mouse or other pointing device.
T
it now appears that the so-called paperless office that many visionaries predicted for the computer age is largely a myth.
T
It is possible to recharge all useed cartidges and resell them
F
Moore's law is no long applicable today
F
each qubit can only represent two states
F
alan turing argued in a 1950 article taht if a machine could successfully pretend to be human to a knowledgeable observer then it should be considered intelligent.
t
many turing test contests have been held over the years, but so far, only three computers have passed the test
f
IBM's Deep Blue computer beat Kasparov, the World Class Chess Champion in a rematch in 1997.
t
Computing capabilities are increasingly being built into watches, cell phones, and other small devices.
T
A vertual keyboard device projects a keyboard image onto a flat surface and translates motion on that projected image back to the computer as imput
T
Robots are devices, controlled by a human operator or a computer, that can move and react to sensory input.
T
At its simplest level, VR computer programs still require the installation of special hardware.
f
Vein recognition systems authenticate individuals based on the patterns of the veins in their hand.
t
Dual-core processors greatly improve performance in PCs, but they require a significant change to the basic architecture of the PC.
f
3-D display screens require special 3-D glasses like traditional three-dimensional applications.
F
With robot-assisted surgery, the robot device actually operates on the patient, but it is controlled by a surgeon either physically or verbally.
t
The length of time required to download a file only depends on the file size
f
ThE Pew Internet and American Life projects issued a report on U.S. Internet users, which indicated there is a pattern of broader internet use as income increases.
t
Family households with children under age 18 are ____ likely to use the Internet
more
Households with an annula income of $75,000 and over are ___ likely to use the internet
more
Research has found that people with disabilities tend to use theo computers and the Internet at rates
____ the average for a given population
below
For blind and other visually impaired individuals, screen ____ (software that reads alound all information displayed on the computer screen, such as instructions, menu options, documents, and web pages, can be used.
readers
A surge in discarded televisions is expected when TV signals switch from analog to ____ in 2007 and many consumers replace their older TVS with models taht suport HDTV
digital
_____ paper (e-paper) displays written content in electronic form, but on thinner, more paper-like plastic displays
electronic
______ is a science of how to make the computer workspace, hardware and environment fit the individuals using it
ergonomics
The digital ___ refers to the gap between those who have access to computers and communications technology and those who do not
divide
A flat-panel display radiates ____ heat than a CRT monitor
less
The world's firt environmentally friendly desktop PC was released by ____ in 2002
NEC
In 1998, Congress amended the ________ Act to require federal agencies to make their electronics and information technology accessible to people with disabilities
Rehabilitation
According to a senior research scientist at ____, an optical computer could solve a problem in on ehour that would take an electronic computer 11 years to solve
NASA
It is expected that __________ in the furture will continue to become integrated in other devices, grow in capacity, and include encryption and digital rights management capabilities
flash memory drives
While flash memory drives have been existence for several years, they are beginning to include ____ capabilities and become available in unconventional formats
encryption
Regardless of how an expert system is created, it is important to realize that its conclusions are based on the data and _____ stored in its knowledge base, as well as the informatikon provided by the users.
rules
Artifical intelligence systems that attempt to imitate the way a human brain works are called _____ networkds
neural
Neural network systems (also called neural nets) are similar to computer networks, only the networked components are _______, not entire computers.
processors
_________ are often used in biometric identification systems, such as analyzing fingerprints in the fingerprint identification system.
Neural networks
Robotics is the field devoted to the study of ____ technology
robot
True robotic surgery--where robots perform surgery on their own _____ likely to happen soon
isn't
A _____ robot is a robot used to check out rails, buildings, caves, and other structures beofre soldiers enter them
battlefield
As is often the case with new technology developed for the military of NASA, there ____ expected consumer benefits based on the research being done in the areas of e-fabric and exoskleton suits
are
_______ chips, which use light waves to transmit data, are in development
optical
A condiction know a ______ syndrome-- a painful and crippling condition affecting the hands and writs has been traced to the repetitive finger movement made when using a keyboard, although it can be caused by non-computer-related activities as well.
carpal tunnel
_________________ is the science of fitting a work environment to the people who work there.
ergonomics
People who refer to written documents while working on their PCs should use a document ____________ to keep their documents close the monitor
holder
Keyboard ___________ lower the keyboard, enabling the user to use ergonomically correct posture more easily, wich means keeping the roearms parallel to the floor.
drawer
One kind of E-paper consists of two sheets of thin transparent plastic with millions of small beads surrounded by liquid called electronic
ink
Antiglare __________- that fit over the monitor screen can be used to lessen glare and resulting eyestain
screens, shields
Writ __________ designed to be placed next to the mouse or keyboard-- can be used to help keep ywritst straight while those devices are being used, as well as to suppot and minimize the pressure points on the writs and forearms when resting.
rest
_____________ services that can locate and deliver appropriate newspaper and Web site content to you on a daily basis based on yoru specified interests are another way to reduce information overload
clipping
___________ is an XML-based format designed for sharing headlines and other content published to a web site.
really simple syndication
____________ is an emerging disorder suffered by people who find the virtual reality on computer screens more attractive than everyday reality
computer addiction, CAD, computer addiction disorder, Internet addition, IAD
Hardware and software specifically designed for use by individuals with physical disabilities are called ____________ technology
assistive
___________ recognition systems, which use special software and a microphone, can be used to input data and give commands to the PC hands-free
voice
The process called __________ imprints patterns on semiconductor materials
lithography
_________ storage technology records through the entire thickness of the material, so much more data can be stored on the same-sized disc.
holographic
Use of ________ power such as solar power and hand power, with PCs and mobile devices is expected to continue to grow
alternative
A _________ computer is one that uses light, as from laster beams or infrared beams, to perform digital computations.
optical
Optical _____, wich use light waves to transmit data, are currently in development.
chips
It is expected that he PC of the furture will include________ more environmentally friendly, harware than today
greener
nanotechnology may ultimately solve much of the toxic wast problem associated with ________ by rearranging dangerous components, at the atomic level, into inert substances.
e-trash, electronic waste
_________________ is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines
AI, artificial intelligence
__________ agents are small programs taht perform specific tasks, such as retrieving and delivering information as specified by the user, authomating repetive tasks, and helping to make a user's work environment more efficient or entertaining.
intelligent
Intel is proposing the creation of an entirely new _____________ network to work in conjunction with the existing Internet in order to help route Internet traffic for increased speed and efficiency
overlay
Agents called ________, respond in natural languages, utilize animated characters that respond both verbally and with appropriate physical gestures to try to create the illusion that the exchange is taking place between two thinking, living entities.
chatterbots
___________ systems are software programs that perform tasts that would otherwise be performed by a human expert.
expert
The software program part of an expert system, called the _______ engine, is used to apply the rules to the data stored in the knowledge base to reach decisions.
inference
One biometric technique identifies individuals by the way they walk called _________; another identifies individuals by the composition of their skin.
gait recognition
_________ is/are tiny comptuers containing one or more sensors that are powered by a battery and that can communicate with others via minuscule radio transmitters.
motes, smart dust
A state of fatigue or frustration brought about by overwork
burnout
The gap between those who have access to computers and communications technology and those who do not
digital divide
A connector between a portable PC and conventional desktop PC hardware, such as a keyboard, mouse,monitor, and printer.
docking station
A painful and crippling condition affecting the hands and wrists
carpal tunnel syndrome
The use of computers in an environmentally friendly manner
green computing
Software that reads aloud all information displayed on the computer screen, such as instrutions, menu options, documents, and web pages.
screen reader
Reusable, erasable paper, typically comprised of thin plastic
electronic paper
A clamp or other device, commonly attached to a monitor or resting on a desk, that holds documents used for computer input
document holder
A certification, often issued by a government agency, that identifies a device as meeting minimal environmental performance specifications
eco-label
The ability of a scanning device to recognize written or typed characters on a paper-based document and convert it to electronic form as text, not an image
optical character recognition
The technology that works at the individual atomic and molecular levels to creat computer chips and other components that are housands of times smaller than conventional technologies
nanotechnology
Alternative for Internet connects that uses power-pole infrastructure and a building's regular power lines to provide access to the Internt
BPL
The prediciton taht hte number of transistors per square inch on a chip would continue to double every eyar or so for the foreseeable future
Moore'e Law
Computers tha tutilize atoms or nuclei working togehter as quantum bits
quantum computers
computers that use light, such as from laser beams or infrared beams, to perform digital computations
optical computers
The science and engineering of making intelligent machines
artifical intelligence
Small programs taht perfrom specific tasts, such as retrieving and delivering information as specified by the user, authomating repetive tasks, and helping to make a users work environment more efficient or entertainign
intelligent agents
Agents that utilize animated characters taht respond both berbally and with appropriate physical gestures to try to create the illusion that the exchange is taking place between two thinking, living entities
chatterbots
The database componet fo expert systems
knowledge base
software program that is used to apply the rules to the data stored in the knowledge base to reach decisions.
inference engine
What are intelligent agents
intelligent agents are software programs taht do specified jobs based on yoru instructions
whWhat can scanners with optical character recognition capabilities do
scanners with optical character recognition capabilities can input printed documents into the computer as edcitable text
What are screen readers
screen readers are softwares taht read aloud all information displayed on the computer screen, such as instructions, menu opitons, documents, and web pages.
What do braille printers print
braille printers print embossed dots in braille format on paper
why can't screen reading devices typically read images or graphics
in order fro navigational images or other graphics to be userstandable to vistors using screen reading software, the images must be identified with an alternative text description. this description can easily be added to an image when the web page is developed, but it is not always done.
List VR pssoibilties in entertaiment, design and engineering, education and traning, e-commerece and medicine
Entertainment- enables individuals to experience activities such as exploring ancient civilixations, touring museums, batteling enemies in games, and parachuting out of an airplane.
Desing and engineering- permits clients to perform activities such as previewing building before construction or previewing and selecting from various interior or landscape designs.
Education and training- allows students to participate in activities such as previewing buildings before constructions.
Education and traing- allows student to participate in activities such as exploring and taking part in an historical event, or sately practiving how to drive a bus.
E-commerce- enab les consumers to experience activities such as touring homes for sale, customizing and viewing products before purchasing them.
medicine- allows physicians to practice activities such as simulating the ffect of medical treatment or tying out new surgical techniques; allows patients to be distracted from the discomfort of treatment, such as chemotherapy.
Moore's law is no long applicable today
F
each qubit can only represent two states
F
alan turing argued in a 1950 article taht if a machine could successfully pretend to be human to a knowledgeable observer then it should be considered intelligent.
t
many turing test contests have been held over the years, but so far, only three computers have passed the test
f
IBM's Deep Blue computer beat Kasparov, the World Class Chess Champion in a rematch in 1997.
t
Computing capabilities are increasingly being built into watches, cell phones, and other small devices.
T
A vertual keyboard device projects a keyboard image onto a flat surface and translates motion on that projected image back to the computer as imput
T
Robots are devices, controlled by a human operator or a computer, that can move and react to sensory input.
T
At its simplest level, VR computer programs still require the installation of special hardware.
f
Vein recognition systems authenticate individuals based on the patterns of the veins in their hand.
t
Dual-core processors greatly improve performance in PCs, but they require a significant change to the basic architecture of the PC.
f
3-D display screens require special 3-D glasses like traditional three-dimensional applications.
F
With robot-assisted surgery, the robot device actually operates on the patient, but it is controlled by a surgeon either physically or verbally.
t
The length of time required to download a file only depends on the file size
f
ThE Pew Internet and American Life projects issued a report on U.S. Internet users, which indicated there is a pattern of broader internet use as income increases.
t
Repetitive stree injuries and other injuries related to the workplace environment are estimated to account for ______ of all serious workplace injuries
1/3
Work place stree injuries have cost up to _____________ each year in lost wages, health care expenses, legal costs
$50 billion
Common physical conditions caused by computer use include
eyestrain, blurred vision, fatigue, headaches, and backaches
CTS is an example of
repetitive stree injury
repetitive stress injury
in head, wrist, shoulder or neck pain caused by performing the same physical movements over and over
computer vision syndrome
a collection of eye and vision problems associated with computer use
A ______ contains a connector to attach a portable PC, plus ports to connect conventional desktop PC peripherals, such as keyboards
docking station
An alternative to a docking station designed primarily to elevate the display screen of a notebook or tablet PC so it can be used instead of an external monitor
notebook stand
use a shape and key arrangement designed to lessen the stain on the hands and wrists
ergonomic keyboards
typically look more like joystricks than mice and are designed for more comfortable use by extensive mouse users
ergonomic mice
lower the keyboard
keyboard drawers
sometimes called copy holders, can be used to keek documents close to the monitor, enabling the user to see both the document and the monitor
document holders
antioglare shields that cover the monitor screen can be used to lessen glare and resulting eyestrain
antiglare screens
designed to be placed next to the mouse or keyboard can be used to help keep wrists straight while those deviceds are being used
wrist rests
Workers who report feeling stressed incur more health-care costs, an average of _____ more per person, according to one study
$600
American Institute of stress, it costs U.S. employers more than _____ billion each year in health care, missed work, and stress-reduction services provided to employees
$300
Work to lower-paid workers in countries such as Ireland, India, China, and Russia is also becoming increasingly common for clerical work, technical support, and software development
outsourcing
The U.S. Senate receives between _______________ e-mail messages each day
1 and 2 million
which locate and deliver appropriate newspaper and Web site content to you on a daily basis, based on yoru specified interests.
clipping services
software programs taht do specified jobs based on your instructions- can also gather information for hyou on a regular basis, as wel as perform other helpful taskis
intelligent agents
a state of fatigue or frustration brought about by overowrk
burnout
Some studies indicate that over ______ of internet users suffer from internet addiction to some degree
6%
It is estimated that ____ of germany's population is addicted to the internet
3%
According to the Nielsen/NetRatings, about _____ of the population of the United States is now online
2/3
male users most often seek _______________________ while female users seek
news, financial infromation, sports

health or religous information
The ________ divide is about some countries having access to technology and others not
global
telemdicine
aims to provide medical care via the computer to local residents. with telemdicine residents could be diagnosed and treated without leaving their villiage
low cost computer use first in India, and then in other countries, particularly third-world countries
simputers
______ accepts input via voice, in addition to electronic pen and onscreen keyboard, and included text to sepech capabilities to read screen output to users.
simputer
simputers are also called
community digital assistant
Simputers cost between
$200-400
hardwar and softgware specifally designed for use by individuals with physical disabilities
assistive technology
Americans with Disabilities Act requires companies with ____ or more employees to make reasonable accommodations fro known physical or mental limitations of otherwise qualified individuals, unless doing so results in undue hardship for the company
15
large-key keyboards, or conventional keyboards with braille or large print key overlays are available for visually impaired computers
braille keyboards
mental or plastic plates that fit over conventional keyboards enable users with limited hand mobility to press the keys on a keyboard, using his or hier fingers or a special device
keyguards
vailable for users who have the use of only one hand
one handed keyboards
use special software and a microphone to input data and gi ve commands to the PC hands free
voice recognition
systehardware devices that can be activiated with ahnd, foot, finger, or face movemtn or with sips and puffs of air. can be used in conjunction with a keyboard, mouse or other input device to perform a preprogrammed set of actions
switches
capabilities can input printed documents into the computer as editable text
optical character recognitions
software that reads aloud all information displayed on the computer screen, such as instructions, menu options and documents
screen readers
continuously convert screen oupt into braille form on the display
draille displays
which print embossed output in braille formot on paper
braille printers
To encourage the development of energy-saving devices, the U.S department of Energy and the environmental protection agency developed
energy star pgrom
The hardware that is ________________ compliant exceeds the minimun federal standards for reduced energy consumption and can display the _________ label
energy star
An _____________ device projects a keyboard image onto a flat surface and translates motion on that projected image back the computer
virtual keyboard
involves creating computer components, machines, and other structures that are less than 100 nonometers in size. one naometer is ________ of a meter
nanotechnology, one-billionth
___________ applies the principles of physics and quantum mechanics to computers, going beyond traditional physics to work at the subatomic level
quantum computers
a computer that uses light, such as form laster beams or infrared beams, to pefrom digital computations
optical computer
Ultra Widceband (UWB)
a wireless technology orgiginally developed for the military in the 1960s
Broadband over power lines BPL
uses the existing power-pole infrastructure (with the addition of some new hardware at the power poles) and a building's regular power lines to provide acces to the Internet
programs that perfrom specific tasxts to help to make a user's work environemtn mroe efficeient or telesurgery is a _ application
intelligent agentstelemedicine
software programs that perfrom tasks that would otherwise be performed by a human expertthe use of communications technology to provide medical information and services
expert systemstelemedicine
a database taht contains facts provided bya human expert and rules that the expert system shoulduse to make decisions based on those facts
knowledge base
a software program that applies the rules to the data stored in the knowledge base to reach decisions
inference engine
artificial intelligence systems that attempt to imitate the way a human brain works called
neural networks
wearable robotic systems designed to give soldiers additional physical capbilities and protection
exoskeloton suit
In quantum computing ________ which can represent more than two possible states, care used instead of electronic bits
qubits
with _______ individuals can connect to the internet via ordinary power outlets
broadband over power lines
The most widely used test for artificial intelligence, in which an observer tries to determine if written responses to questoins came from a person or a computer is the ________
Turing Test
An intelligent agent that searcheds online stores to find the best prices for the products you specify is called __________
shopping bot
Sony's AIBO dog is an example of a personal
robot
Being able tow "walk thorugh" a museum online is an example of _______ applications
virtual relatiy
The _________ was the first RFID chip approved to be implated under a person's skin for identificaiton purposes
VeriChip
Diagnosing a patient via input received over th Internet and performing remote robot[asisted surgery are example of _____ applications
telemedicine