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53 Cards in this Set

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As the design team leader, what information should the landscape architect provide in order for the building architect to begin developing schematic floor plans and elevations for the proposed structure?




A. master development plan, preliminary lot layout, and grading plan


B. approved development plans


C. Contract drawings


D. Topographic survey, site inventory, analysis

A. master development plan, preliminary lot layout, and grading plan

Which of the following techniques may be used to resolve disputes regarding work done improperly?




I. Contract altercation


II. Litigation


III. Binding arbitration


IV. Nonbinding arbitration




A. I and III


B. II and III


C. II and IV


D. II, III, and IV

D. II, III, and IV

In a consultant team, who is responsible for the errors and omissions of a team member?




A. Each member of the team


B. The team member making the mistake


C. Prime consultant


D. Project team equally and as a whole

B. The team member making the mistake

Invitations for open bidding should include which of the following?




I. General character of project


II. Location of bid opening


III. Time of bid opening


IV. Location of bidding documents




A. I and IV


B. II and III


C. II, III, and IV


D. I, II, III, and IV

D. I, II, III, and IV

A registered landscape architect shall NOT knowingly do which of the following? (Choose all that apply)




A. Violate state or federal criminal law


B. Make payments to a government official in connection with an existing or prospective project


C. Fail to report violations of the law by other registered landscape architects


D. Violate registration laws and regulations governing practice in any jurisdiction

A, B, C, D

Which of the following would create a conflict of interest for landscape architects? (Choose all the apply)



A. The do not disclose to two clients that both are paying for services on the same project


B. They do not disclose to their client that they have a financial interest in the project


C. They discuss the project with others not associated with it


D. They report a client who has violated the law, against professional advice

A, B

Your commission to provide professional services for a new client on a project abutting and integral to one of your current projects may lead to




A. a conflict of interest


B. difficulties in attributing office resources and time


C. disputes between two owners


D. win-win solutions for both sites

A. a conflict of interest

Which of the following is NOT a barrier associated with sustainable construction?




A. Higher initial cost


B. Difficulty in determining industry-wide standards


C. Training municipal inspectors in sustainable certifications


D. availability of materials to meet sustainable criteria

C. Training municipal inspectors in sustainable certifications

Announcements of a public meeting for a zoning change should contain which of the following? (Choose all that apply)




A. Purpose of the meeting


B. Date, time, and location


C. Legal justification for the meeting


D. Names of attendees

A, B, C

When the landscape architect serves as a subconsultant, which of the following typically happens? (Choose all that apply)




A. LA's liability is limited


B. LA's coordination responsibility is reduced


C. LA's communication with the Owner is limited


D. LA's management responsibility is reduced

A, B, C, D

At the time of substantial completion, a mechanics lien is released to ensure which party will be paid?




A. The landscape architect


B. The contractor


C. The material supplier and subcontractors


D. The mechanical, electrical, and plumbing consultants

C. The material supplier and subcontractors

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a letter agreement contract?




A. It is written by the client


B. It is written by the landscape architect


C. It allows the proposal to be tailored to the project


D. It is generally produced from a master form

A. It is written by the client

A bid allowance is used to assign a dollar amount to




A. a specific work item described by the contract documents


B. work that has not been specifically detailed


C. unit price bid items


D. specific changes in the contract work

B. work that has not been specifically detailed

Who is primarily responsible for approving safe and durable equipment to be incorporated into the work?




A. The client


B. The landscape architect


C. The manufacturer


D. The contractor

B. The landscape architect

A requirement for the contractor to adjust tree staking and the spray pattern of sprinkler heads would most likely be defined in a




A. change order


B. change directive


C. minor change directive


D. punch list

D. punch list

Retainage is released to the contractor after




A. the project is 70% complete, if noclaims have been filed


B. substantial completion


C. final acceptance


D. the warranty period ends

C. final acceptance

Which of the following are appropriate responses to a contractor's request for information? (Choose all that apply)




A. Ignore the question if it is not in writing


B. Answer the question within a specified time period


C. Answer the question through the proper channels


D. Provide a written response

B, C, D

During construction, the landscape architect is responsible for which of the following? (Choose all that apply)




A. Responding to questions from the general contractor


B. Reviewing shop drawings and other submittals


C. Keeping detailed records of material quantities and construction procedures on the project


D. Authoring minor changes in the work

A, B, D

Post-occupancy evaluations may be included as part of which of the following? (Choose all that apply)




A. Post-construction services


B. As-built plan


C. Future projects


D. Client satisfaction

A, C, D

Construction quality control requirements commonly include which of the following? (Choose all that apply)




A. Material mix designs


B. Mock-ups


C. Shop Drawings


D. Field engineering

A, B

Follow-up site visits after the project is complete are important for all of the reasons EXCEPT which of the following?




A. Detecting maintenance failures


B. Helping to maintain the original design intent


C. Providing ongoing relationship with the client


D. Submitting additional invoices for service

D. Submitting additional invoices for service

Why are erosion control fencing, anti-siltation and filters used to prevent land disturbance?




A. to define the limits of construction and scope of work


B. To prevent construction site run-off from contaminating adjacent lands and streams


C. To protect resident wildlife populations


D. To establish new vegetation for the purpose of preventing run-off

B. To prevent construction site run-off from contaminating adjacent lands and streams

The losses on partially completed project damaged by arson would




A. be covered by the owners all-risk builder's insurance


B. be covered by the contractor's comprehensive liability insurance


C. be covered by the owner's protective liability insurance


D. not be covered by insurance because arson is not an accidental cause

A. be covered by the owners all-risk builder's insurance

Which of the following are responsibilities of the contractor under private contracts? (Choose all that apply)




A. Secure easements


B. Secure the building permit


C. Prepare the request for payment


D. Prepare the schedule of values

B, C, D

Which of the following are typically characteristics of closed bid openings? (Choose all that apply)




A. They exclude the public


B. They are used for military projects


C. They are used when only one bid is submitted


D. They are restricted to private contracts

A, B

Who has the legal authority to issue a change order?




A. Landscape architect


B. Owner


C. General contractor


D. Code compliance officer

B. Owner

During the construction phase, a landscape architect does NOT typically perform which of the following?




A. Inspecting the work


B. Recommending acceptance or rejection or rejection of the work


C. Issuing a written notice to proceed


D. Monitoring the timely information

A. Inspecting the work

In construction contracts, which of the following are NOT considered typical contract submittals?




A. Shop drawings, product data or samples


B. Construction schedule


C. Certification of tests, inspections or approvals


D. Requests for product substitutions

D. Requests for product substitutions

A landscape architect has been out of town and is unable to seal a set of documents. The landscape architect asks a colleague and former business partner and apply his seal for him. If the colleague carries out this request, the colleague will




A. breach a rule of professional conduct


B. be in a conflict of interest


C. be assuming responsibility for the work


D. need to fully disclose lack of involvement

A. breach a rule of professional conduct

The client has requested a design that can be constructed within a specific cost limitation. The contract for professional services should include which of the following




A. Cost of construction


B. Estimate of probable cost


C. Cost not to exceed


D. Estimate of design fee

B. Estimate of probable cost

What are the advantages of the bidding phase prior to the start of construction? (Choose all that apply)




A. owner benefits from the competitive marketplace


B. owner has the appearance of being impartial


C. the process fully embraces the fundamentals of the free market system


D. It may be the only available method for some governmental agencies

A, B, C, D

What are the disadvantages of the bidding phase prior to the start of construction? (Choose all that apply)



A. Accurate costs cannot be known until the design is completed


B. Bids that exceed the owner's budget cannot be readily accommodated without jeopardizing the project


C. the various parties tend to be adversarial under this process


D. Errors and omissions in the design may lead to costly change orders and the opportunity for the contractor to bolster profits after contract award

A, B, C, D

During the bidding phase, which of the following should be included in an RFI? (Choose all that apply)




A. Reference number to spec and paragraph numbers, drawing numbers, and drawing reference


B. Add or deduct price for changes


C. ID of clarification needed


D. Impact this clarification will have on schedule (number of days)

A, C, D

During the construction phase, which of the following should be included in an RFI? (Choose all that apply)



A. Contracting company name, category, reference number


B. Identification of construction deficiency or Contract Document clarification


C. Reference to spec and paragraph numbers and drawing reference


D. Impact this clarification will have on schedule and project costs

B, C, D

The following are included in the bid documents:




A. bid form


B. Plans and specifications


C. Notice to proceed


D. A & B only



D

During construction, the general contractor may expect the landscape architect to




A. supervise subcontractors


B. verbally order changes in construction


C. act on owner's behalf


D. none of the above

C

An addendum to the bid is provided




A. to all bidders


B. Before the bid due date


C. When there are modifications that affect the bid information


D. All of the above

D

Landscape architects typically base their fees on the following




A. hourly rate of compensation


B. fixed lump sum fee


C. percentage of construction cost


D. All of the above

D

Shop drawings are usually prepared by the



A. fabricator


B. General contractor


C. owner


D. landscape architect

A

An owner enters in a contract with a contractor he has worked with before without accepting other bids. This is known as a




A. Fixed price contract


B. Negotiated contract


C. Handshake agreement


D. COvenant

B

Which of the following guarantees that the contractor will pay suppliers and subcontractors?



A. bid bond


B. performance bond


C. landscape bond


D. none of the above

B

An agreement allowing you to construct a gas pipeline across someone else's property is known as a




A. Property easement


B. Utility easement


C. Access easement


D. none of the above

B

Which of the following typically would NOT function in the role of contract administrator?




A. Owner


B. contractor


C. architect


D. All of the above

B

A change order typically is issued




A. before the contract is signed


B. by the contractor


C. when there is a change in the contract documents


D. by a government official

C

It is preferred that the following person be responsible for testing services during construction:




A. general contractor


B. grading contractor


C. owner


D. landscape architect

A

The following terms represent different type of specifications:




A. reference


B. proprietary


C. descriptive


D. all of the above



D

The prime consultant is responsible for




A. Reviewing subconsultant's documents


B. meeting document submittal deadlines


C. supervising subcontractors


D. A & B only





D

Which of the following is a basic element of a contract?




A. subject matter must be legal


B. there must be some form of compensation or payment


C. only the parties involved are bound by the terms of the contract


D. all of the above

D

Which of the following is not a typical contract arrangement?




Contract between:


A. owner and contractor


B. contractor and landscape architect


C. landscape architect and subconsultant


D. architect and owner

B

The following are usually listed as scope of services within a design contract




A. Design development


B. Construction supervision


C. Construction Documents


D. A & C only

D

Which of the following would help the landscape architect to minimize liability?




A. showing other consultants work on their plans


B. documenting all communication during the construction phase


C. increasing their insurance coverage


D. Wearing a hardhat on the job site

B.

Guidelines regulating the division of land and design standards for roads and utilities are called




A. zoning ordinance


B. covenants


C. subdivision regulations


D. building code

C

Which of the following types of law addresses disputes between individuals or groups?




A. Criminal Law


B. Public Law


C. Civil Law


D. All of the above

C