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67 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
small vein
venule
one of two lower chambers of the heart
ventricle
-largest vein in the body
-superior & inferior ____ bring blood into the right atrium of the heart
vena cava
-carries blood to the heart
-carries blood from the body tissue and lungs
vein
structure in veins or in the heart that temporarily closes an opening so the blood flows in only one direction
valve
-located between the right atrium and the right ventricle
-has 3 leaflets
tricuspid valve
contraction phase of the heart beat
systole
pacemaker of the heart
sinoatrial node (SA node)
-partition in the cardiovascular system
-between the right and left sides fo the heart
septum
beat of the heart as felt through the walls of the arteries
pulse
one of two pairs of vessels carrying oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart
pulmonary vein
between the right ventricles and the pulmonary artery
pulmonary valve
flow of blood form the heart to the lungs and back to the heart
pulmonary circulation
artery carrying oxygen-poor blood from the heart to the lungs
pulmonary artery
sac-like membrane surrounding the heart
pericardium
specialized nervous tissue in the right atrium that beings the heartbeat
pacemaker
gas that enters the blood through the lungs and travels to the heart to be pumped via arteries to all body cells
oxygen
muscle layer of the heart
myocardium
abnormal heart sound caused by improper closure of the heart valve
murmur
valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart
mitral valve
innermost lining of blood vessels
endothelium
inner lining of the heart
endocardium
relaxation phase of the heartbeat
diastole
blood that is oxygen poor
deoxygenated blood
blood vessels that branch from the aorta and carry oxygen rich blood to the heart muscle
coronary arteries
-gas (waste) released by body cells
-transported via vein to heart
-then to lungs for exhalation
carbon dioxide
-smallest blood vessel
-material pass to and from the bloodstream through the thin walls
capillary
one of two upper chambers of the heart
atrium
tissue at the base of the wall between the 2 upper heart chambers
atrioventricular node (AV node)
-muscle fibers in the wall between the ventricles
-carries electric impulses to the ventricles
atrioventricular bundle (bundle of His)
-carries blood away from the heart
-high pressure
artery
small artery
arteriole
largest artery in the body
aorta
angi/o
-angiogram
-angioplasty
vessel
-record (x-ray) of a blood vessel
-surgical repair of a blood vessel
aort/o
-aortic stenosis
aorta
-narrowing of the aorta
arter/o arteri/o
-arteriosclerosis
-arterial anastomosis
-arteriography
-endarterectomy
artery
-hardening of arteries
-surgical connection between arteries
-process of recording (x-ray) arteries after injecting contrast material
-removal of the innerlining of the artery (when filled w/ plaque)
ather/o
-atheroma
-atherosclerosis
-artherectomy
yellowish plaque, fatty substance
-collection of fatty material in an artery
-hardening of arteries w/ deposit of fatty substance
-removal of a fatty mass in a vessel
atri/o
-atrial
-atrioventricular
atrium, uppermost heart chamber
-pertaining to an upper chamber of the heart
-pertaining to an atrium and ventricle (upper and lower chambers of the heart)
brachi/o
-brachial artery
arm
-artery that braches from the aorta to bring blood to the arm
cardi/o
-cardiomegaly
-cardiomyopathy
-bradycardia
-tachycardia
heart
-enlargement of the heart
-disease of the heart muscle
-condition of slow heartbeat
-condition of fast heartbeat
cholesterol/o
-hypercholesterolemia
cholesterol (a lipid substance)
-condition of excessive cholesterol in the blood
coron/o
-coronary arteries
heart
-arteries branch from the aorta to bring oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle
cyan/o
-cyanosis
blue
-abnormal condition of bluish discoloration due to poor oxygenated of blood
myx/o
-myxoma
mucus
-benign tumor of the heart, tumor is embedded in soft mucoid stromal tissue
ox/o
-hypoxia
oxygen
-condition of decreases oxygen in inspired air / as occurs in high altitudes
pericardi/o
-pericardiocentesis
pericardium
- surgical puncture of the membrane surrounding the heart (to remove fluid)
phleb/o
-phlebotomy
-thrombophlebitis
vein
-incision of a vein
-inflammation of a vein w/ clots / AKA phlebitis / DVP deep vein phlebitis
sphygm/o
-sphygmomanometer
pulse
- instrument to measure blood pressure (BP)
steth/o
-stethoscope
chest
-instrument to examine the chest
thromb/o
-thrombolysis
clot
-destruction of clots
valvul/o valv/o
-valvuloplasty
-mitral valvulitis
-valvotomy
valse
-surgical repair of a valve (w/i the heart)
-inflammation of the mitral valve
-incision of a valve
vas/o
-vasoconstriction
-vasodilation
vessel
-narrowing of vessels
-widening of vessels
vascul/o
-vascular
vessels
-pertaining to blood vessels
ven/o ven/i
-venous
-venipuncture
vein
-pertaining to veins
-incision of a vein for phlebotomy or to start an itravenous infusion
ventricul/o
-interventricular septum
ventricle
-wall seperating the ventricles of the heart (lower chambers)
AV A-V
Atrioventricular

-pert. to an atrium and ventricle (upper and lower chambers of the heart)
BP
Blood pressure
-force that the blood exerts on hte arterial walls
CABG
Coronary artery bypass graft
-arteries and veins are anastomosed to coronary arteries to detour around blockages
CAD
Coronary artery disease
-disease of the arteries surrounding the heart
CHF
Congestive heart failure
-the heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood (more blood enters te heart from the veins than leaves through the arteries)
ECG EKG
Electrocardiogram
-recording of electricity flowing through the heart
HDL
High-density lipoproteins
-high levels of HDL protects adults from atherosclerosis
-ex=strogen, excercise and alcohol in moderation increase HDL
LDL
Low-density lipoproteins
-high levels of lipoproteins are associated with atherosclerosis
MI
Myocardial infarction
MVP
Mitral valve prolapse
-improper closure of the mitral valve
-mitral valve enlarges and prolapses into the left atrium during systole
PCTA
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty; baloon angioplasty
tPA
tissue-type plasminogen activator; a drug used to prevent thrombosis