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79 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
outer section of each adrenal gland
adrenal cortex
inner setion of each adrenal gland
adrenal medulla
two endocrine glands in a female's lower abdomen; responsible for egg production and estrogen and progesterone seretion
ovaries
endocrine gland behind the stomach. Islet cells secrete hormones from the pancreas.
pancreas
four small endocrine glands on the posterior side of the tyroid gland.
parathyroid glands
endorine gland at the base of the brain; composed of an anterior lobe and a posterior lobe.
pituitary gland (hypophysis)
two endocrine glands enclosed in the scrotal sac of a male
testes
endocrine gland in the neck
thyroid gland
produced by the adrenal medulla; also calld epinephrine
Increases heart rate and blood pressure
adrenaline
produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland also called adrenocorticotropin
adrenocorticoropic hormone
(ACTH)
produced by teh adrenal cortex; increases salt reabsorption
aldosterone
male hormone produced by the testes and to a lesser extent by the adrenal cortex; testosterone is an example
androgen
secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland (neurohypophysis). ADH increases reabsorption of water by the kidney.
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
produced by the thyroid gland.
lowers blood calcium
calcitonin
produced by the adrenal cortex;increases blood sugar
cortisol
produced by the adrenal medulla;also called adrenaline
epinephrine
an estrogen produced by the ovaries
estradiol
produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland (adenohypophysis).
follicle-stimulating hormone
hormone produced by the alpha islet cells of the pancreas; inreases blood sugar by conversion of glycogen to glucose
glucagon
produced by the anterior lobe of teh pituitary gland (adenohypophysis); also called somatotropin
growth hormone
produced by the beta islet cells of the pancreas.
Lowers blood sugar by transport and conversion of glucose to glycogen (starch)
insulin
produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. Stimulates ovulation in females and testosterone secretion in males
luteinizing hormone (LH)
porduced by the adrenal medulla and as a sympathomimetic increases heart rate and blood pressure.
norepinephrine
secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland ; stimulates contraction of the uterus during labor and childbirth.
oxytocin (OT)
produced by the parathyroid glands; increases blood calcium
parathormone (PTH)
produced by ovaries; prepares the uterus for pregnancy
progesterone
produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland ; promotes milk secretion
prolactin (PRL)
produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland ; also called growth hormone
somatotropin (STH)
male hormone produced by the testes
testosterone
produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland ; acts on the thyroid gland to promote its functioning; also called thyrotropin
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
produced by the thyroid gland; also called tetraiodothyronine
thyroxine (T4)
produced by the thyroid gland; increases metabolism in cells
triiodothyronine (T3)
secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland also called antidiuretic hormone
vasopressin
hormones derived from an amino acid and secreted by the adrenal medulla.Einephrine is a catecholamine
catecholamines
hormones produced by the adrenal cortex. Glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and gonadocorticoids are examples
corticosteroids
mineral salt found int eh blood and tissues and necessary for proper functioning of ells; potassium, sodium, and calcium are examples
electrolyte
hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; necessary for use of sugars, fats, and proteins by the body and for the body's normal response to stress. Cortisol is an example
gonadocorticoid
sex hormone secrete by the adrenal cortex
gonadocorticoid
tendency of an organism to maintain a constant internal environment
homeostasis
substance, produced by the adrenal cortex to regulate mineral salts and water balance in the body. Aldosterone is an example
mineraloorticoid
cellular protein that binds to a hormone so that a resonse can be elicited.
receptor
cavity in teh skull that contains the pituitary gland
sella turcica
complex substance related to fats and of which many hormones are made.
steroid
pertaining to mimicking or copying the effect of the sympathetic nervous system.
sympathomimetic
cells of an organ that are affected by specific hormones
target tissue
sex glands
gonad/o
pancreas
pancreat/o
parathyroid gland
parathyroid/o
pituitary gland, hypophysis
pituitar/o
thyroid gland
thyro/o
thyroid gland
thyroid/o
male
andr/0
calcium
calc/o
cortex, outer region
cortic/o
secrete
crin/o
thirst
dips/o
female
estr/o
sugar
gluc/o
sugar
glyc/o
sameness
home/o
hormone
hormon/o
insulin
insulin/0
potassium
kal/i
milk
lact/o
myx/o
mucus
sodium
natr/o
growing
phys/o
body
somat/o
solid structure
ster/o
chldbirth
toc/o
poison
toxic
urine
ur/o
assemble, gather together
-agon
a substance
-in, -ine
(epinephrine)
stimulating the function of
-tropin
adrenocorticotropin
urine condition
-uria
rapid, sharp, acid
oxy-
oxytocin
four
tetra-
three
tri-