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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is a reinforcer?
any event that increases the probability of occurrence of a preceding behavior
What is a punisher?
any event that decreases the probability of occurrence of a preceding behavior
What is operant conditioning?
the resultant behavior change (learning)
What are the contributions of the behavioral approach?
useful in language training, provide a basis for many remedial programs used with children who have delayed or disordered language, and they influenced later sociolinguistic theories
What are the 5 major theories of language acquisition?
behavioral, psycholinguistic-syntactic, psycholinguistic-semantic/cognitive, sociolinguistic, and emergentist
What does the behaviorist model assume?
that parents model, children imitate, and parents selectively reinforce- grammar is learned by chaining
What does the psycholinguistic-syntactic model state?
that children are born with a language acquisition device (LAD) containing the universal phrase structure rules, which a child uses to ascertain his/her language's transformational rules based on the language that the child hears
What does the psycholinguistic-semantic/cognitive model declare?
syntax is inadequate for describing the language of very young children, who use word-order rules based on semantic units that represent the world as the child knows it
What is the sociolinguistic model?
that language emerges from well-established communication and that children learn language from the environment as caregivers modify their language addressed to the child- early language intentions are built on the intentions earlier expressed in gestures
What is the emergentist model?
language is most likely something we do with a brain that evolved to serve many varied and complex challenges- grammar is the solution to the brain's problem of exchanging a complicated set of meanings between people via a limited speech channel- acquisition of increasingly more complex language represents changes in brain fxn (increased working memory)