Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
"without speech"
A speech disruption
Broca's Aphasiacs
Understand words, not context (grammar etc.)
Wernicke's Aphasiacs
Have trouble with words.
Graduate Native English speakers know approx. How many words?
20-000 - 100,000+
How Many Letters in the Alphabet?
The entire set of mental representations of words.
(A Mental Dictionary)
--> What each of us knows about words, what they stand for, and how they are used.
Mental Lexicon Triangle Model
Speech perception involves relating sound representation. Reading involves relating the spelling of the word to its meaning. Producing language involves relating the meaning of the word to its sound representation for speaking it aloud, or to its spelling representation for writing.
(Spelling, Sound, and Meaning)
Ambiguity (in language)
The property that permits moe than one interpretation of a sound, word, phrase, or sentence.
The production of speech sounds
A number of possible words
Cohort Model
Hear "awe"
You immediately think:
-awkward etc.
But as soon as you heard the the [s] is awesome, some of the words in the cohort no longer matched the speech signal and dropped out of the cohort leaving, Awesome, Australia and Austin.
Neighbourhood Destiny
The number of similar sounding words in the language.
Garden Path Sentences
The listener or reader is "led down the garden path" to an incorrect interpretation before being allowed to reanalyze the sentence and find a correct interpretation.
(ex) I had a great everning. But this wasn't it.
She got her looks from her father. He's a plastic surgeon!
Word Recognition: Phonological Routes
When you are reading, you may have the sense that a voice in your head is saying the print as we read. THis phonological route is used when we sound out an unfamiliar word - the spelling is translated into a pronounciation.
(ex) the phonics method of learning to read (sounding out words)
Word Recognition: Visual Route
We see a written word
--> we identigy and group letters
--> Route 1 (Spelling to sound) - phoneme level, provides speech
--> Route 2 (semantic system, contains word meanings) -- speech output lexicon - phoneme level -- speech