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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Insertion of the Temporalis
Superior mandible

origin: lateral temporal bone
Insertion of the Masseter
Insertion: Angle of the mandible.

Origin: Zygomatic arch
The most painful spot on a muscle
insertion site
pull from a muscles origin shows you?
The action of the muscle.
Cranial Bones
Occipital(1), Frontal(1), Parietal(2), Ethmoid(1), Temporal(2), Spenoid(1)
Facial Bones
Zygomatic(2), Nasal(2), Maxila(2), Mandible(1)
Muscles of the skull
Frontalis(eyebrows), Orbicularis Oculi(eyelids), Oribularis Oris (lips)
Bones of the vertebral column
Cervical(7), Thoracic(12), Lumbar(5), Sacrum(5), Coccyx(4)
Insertion of the Sternocleidomastoid
insertion: mastoid Process

origin: Sternum and clavicle
Insertion of the Levator Scapulae
Insertion: Superior angle of scapula

origin: Transverse Processes of C-1 thru C-4
Insertion of the Scalenes
insertion: Ribs 1 and 2

origin: Tranverse processes C-2 thru C-6
Bones of the Thorax region
Sternum and the Ribs(12)
(7) true (5) false 2 which are floating
insertion of the Intercostals (external,internal and innermost)
Insertion: between adjacent ribs

Origin; between adjacent ribs
Bones of the Pectoral Girdle
Clavicle, Humerus, Scapula
insertion of the upper trapezius
insertion: Acromion & lateral clavicle

Origin: External occipital protuberance
insertion for the middle trapezius
Insertion: Spine of the scapula

origin: Spinous process of C-7 thru T-5
Insertion for the lower trapezius
Insertion: Root of spine

Origin: Spinous processes of T-6 thru T-12
Insertion for the Rhomboids
Insertion: Medial border of the scapula

Origin: Spinous processes of C-7 thru T-5
upper lower and middles traps plus the rhomboids all INSERT where?
on the scapula
Muscles of the rotator cuff
Supraspinatus, Infraspinous, Subscapularis, Teres Minor

Also known as S.I.T.S.
The insertion for the Supraspinatus
Insertion: Greater tubercle of humerus

Origin: Supraspinous fossa
The insertion for the Infraspinatus
Insertion: Greater tubercle of the humerus

Origin: Infraspinous fossa
The insertion for the Teres minor
Insertion; Greater tubercle of humerus

Origin: upper 1/2 lateral borber of the scapula
The insertion for the Subscapularis
Insertion: lesser tubercle of the humerus

Origin: Subscapular Fossa
Do the SITS all insert on the greater tubercle of the humerus?
NO, the Subscapularis inserts on the lesser tubercle of the humerus
How many muscles tendons is the rotator cuff composed of?
What percent of stability do these tendons provide for the glenohumeral (shoulder)
Muscles that move the shoulder joint
Deltoids, Pectoralis Major, Latissimus Dorsi, Teres Major, Biceps Brachii, Triceps Brachii
insertion for the Anterior Deltoid
Insertion: Deltoid tuberosity

Origin: Lateral 1/3 of the clavicle
insertion for the Lateral Deltoid
Insertion: Deltoid tuberosity

Origin: Acromion
insertion for the lateral deltoids
insertion: deltoid tuberosity

origin: acromion
insertion for the posterior deltoids
insertion: deltoid tuberosity

origin: spine of the scapula
insertion for the pectoralis major
insertion: bicipital groove of the humerous

origin: medial 1/2 of clavicle and sternum
insertion for the Latissimus Dorsi
insertion: bicipital groove of the humerus

origin; spinous process T-7 thru L-5, sacrum and iliac crest
insertion for the teres major
insertion: bicipital groove of the humerus

origin: inferior angle of the scapula
insertion for the biceps brachii
insertion: radial tuberosity

origin: coracoid process
insertion for the triceps brachii
insertion: olecranon process of the ulna

origin: superior lateral border of the scapula
anterior, lateral and posterior deltoids all insert where?
deltoid tuberosity of the humerous
pectoralis, latissimus dorsi and teres major all insert where?
bicipital groove of the humerus
the olecranon and the ulna are on the same side of the forearm
the radius and the radial tuberosity are on the same side of the forearm
the insertion of the brachioradialis
insertion: styloid process of the radius

origin: lateral inferior humerus
insertion of the flexors of the wrist/hand
insertion: anterior carpal and phalanges

origin: medial epicondyle of humerus
insertion of the extensors of the wrist/hand
insertion: posterior carpal and phalanges
what is a cell?
basic structural and functional unit of all living things
what is tissue?
group of specialized cells performing a particular function.
what is an organ?
groups of specialized tissue
what is a system?
to or more organs that function in the body.
3 elements of the skeletal system?
bone, cartilidge and ligaments
bones are made up of what 2 items/
calcium and phosphate
ligaments attach what?
bone to bone
3 types of muscle tissue
smooth, cardiac and skeletal
skeletal muscles do what
permit and cause movement by the actions of contraction and relaxation
contraction refers to?
the reduction in size or shortening of the muscle
relaxation refers to?
when the tension of the muscle is reduced & it returns to its normal resting stage.
skeletal muscles work in pairs as what?
agonist and antagonist
agonist muscle is doing what?
the muscle performing the primary job for the desired movement
the antagonist muscles is doing what?
the muscle that opposes the the agonist (primary mover)
what is a synergist muscle?
assists the primary mover (agonist)
what is the origin?
the attachment site for a muscle where less movement occurs
what is the insertion?
attachment site for a muscle where the majority of the movement occurs.
what is action?
the movement (job) the muscle performs.
to see the action you pull from where?
coracoid process is shaped like what
a beak
muscles of the skull?
Frontalis, orbicularis oculi and the orbicularis oris
boney landmarks of the thorax region (3)
Manubrium, body and the Xiphoid process