Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/62

Click to flip

62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
largest body of salt water; these cover 3/4 of the earth's surface
ocean
an area of land completely surrounded by water
island
a cone shaped mountain formed out of rock or ash thrown up from inside the earth, frequently with an opening or depression at the top
volcano
a land formation having a flat top and steep rock walls
mesa
the direction of a river's flow; toward the mouth of the river
downstream
the direction toward a river's source; opposite to the river's flow
upstream
the place where a river or stream begins
source (of a river)
the highest ridge of land separating river basins
divide
a large stream of water flowing through the land into a lake, ocean, or other body of water
river
a wide channel connecting two bodies of water or an inlet between the mainland and islands
sound
a small part of a body of water that reaches into a coast
inlet
an area of hills, plateaus, and mountains
highland
narrow valley with steep sides; usually created by erosion
canyon
half of the earth usually referred to as eastern or western, northern or southern
hemisphere
place where a river empties into a larger body of water; the end of a river
mouth (of a river)
a raised part of the earth's surface with sloping sides; old mountain which because of erosion has become rounder and shorter
hill
place where running water makes a sheer drop, usually over a cliff
waterfall
a large body of slow moving ice which alters the land around it through displacement
glacier
an area of land largely enclosed by higher land
basin
imaginary lines on a globe or map used to measure distance from the Prime Meridian, lines running from pole to pole
longitude
land built up by deposits of sand and silt at the mouth of some rivers
delta
low land between hills or mountains
valley
a part of a river, generally shallow, where the currents move swiftly over rocks
rapids
a narrow waterway connecting two larger bodies of water
strait
an area of land that is always soaked with water; low, wet land that supports grass and trees
swamp
a lake where water is collected and stored for future use
reservoir
a large mass of floating ice that has broken off from a glacier, most of this is underwater
iceberg
a large body of water surrounded by land
lake
narrow strip of land with water on both sides connecting two larger pieces of land
isthmus
piece of land that extends into a body of water and is surrounded on three sides by water
peninsula
man-made place along the coastline where ships can load and unload cargo; not a natural harbor
port
imaginary lines on a globe or map used to measure distance from the equator; parallel lines running from east to west
latitude
dry, barren region usually sandy and without trees, little rainfall or practical use of land unless irrigated
desert
a long chain of mountains; a row of connected mountains
mountain range
high, rocky land, usually with steep sides and a pointed or rounded top, higher than a hill
mountain
an area of low and usually level land
lowland
the regular rising and falling of the water of the oceans and waters connected to the ocean
tide
the height above sea level
elevation
the pattern of weather conditions (temperature, precipitation) over a long period of time
climate
a high steep slope of rock or soil
cliff
land along the sea or ocean
coast
one of the seven largest bodies of land on earth
continent
a narrow deep waterway connecting two larger bodies of water; the deepest part of the waterway
channel
a wall built across a stream or river to hold back water
dam
flat highland area with on steep face; elevated plain
plateau
the place where a stream or tributary joins a river
fork
a narrow inlet of the sea between high banks or cliffs created by glaciers
fjord
a group of many islands
archipelago
a large tract of land covered with trees and underbrush; extensive wooded area
forest
a large plains region with tall grass
prairie
a broad, flat or gently rolling area; usually low in elevation
plain
a fracture in the rocks along which there has been movement
fault
a fertile place in the desert where there is water and some vegetation
oasis
plateau of land surface inot the ocean but underwater
continental shelf
a ridge of rock or sand at or near the surface of the water
reef
a large body of water, usually salt water, partly or completely surrounded by land
sea
part of a body of salt water that reaches into the land; usually smaller than a gulf
bay
a sheltered area of water where ships may anchor safely
harbor
a river or stream that flows into a larger river or stream
tributary
part of a sea or ocean that reaches into land; usually larger than a bay
gulf
a man-made waterway connecting two bodies of water and is designed to shorten travel time or irrigation
canal
the flow of a stream of water
current