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19 Cards in this Set

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MINERAL

A nonliving solid matter from the earth.

SEDIMENTARY ROCK

A rock that is made from sediments that have been pressed together.

SEDIMENTS

Tiny bits of rocks, shells, and other materials.

MAGMA

What is squeezed up through the crust of the volcano.

IGNEOUS ROCK

Rock that is made from sediments that have been pressed together.

MANTLE

The middle layer of the earth.

LANDFORMS

A shape of the land, such as a mountain, plain, or plateau.

DUNE

A pile of sand formed by the wind.

GLACIER

A large mass of ice that moves.

WEATHERING

The breaking and wearing away of rocks.

SEISMOGRAPH

An instrument that measures the movement on the ground.

LAVA

Magma tha comes above the ground is called lava.

FAULT

A crack in the earth's crust
along which rock moves.

EROSION

The moving of weathered rocks
and soil by wind, water, or ice.

METAMORPHIC ROCK

A rock that forms when igneous or sedimentary rocks changed by heat and pressure

DELTA

Land that is formed by sediments where a river empties into a lake or ocean.

CRUST

The top layer of the earth.

PLATE

A large section of rock that makes up part of the earth's crust.

CORE

The center part of the earth.