Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/77

Click to flip

77 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
WHAT IS THE FIELD MANUAL FOR MAP READING AND LAND NAVIGATION?
FM 3-25.26
WHAT ARE THE BASIC COLORS OF A MAP, AND WHAT DOES EACH COLOR REPRESENT?
BLACK-REPRESENTS CULTURAL MA MADE FEATURES LIKE BUILDING, AND ROADS
RED-BROWN- IMAGINARY LINES THAT REPRESENT HIGH AND LOW ELEVATIONS
BLUE-IDENTIFIES WATER LIKE LAKES AND RIVERS
GREEN-IS VEGETATION LIKE WOODS AND VINEYARDS
BROWN- SHOWS ELEVATION AND RELIEF FEATURES IN OLDER MAPS
RED-SHOWS POPULATED AREAS AND BOUNDARIES IN OLDER MAPS
OTHER- OTHERS COLORS THAT SHOW SPECIAL INFORMATION
WHAT ARE MILITARY SYMBOLS?
FIGURES USED TO REPRESENT MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS, INSTALLATIONS AND AVTIVITIES
WHERE IS THE LEGEND OF THE MAP FOUND
LOWER LEFT MARGIN
WHAT ARE CONTOUR LINES?
IMAGINARY LINES THAT REPRESENT HIGH AND LOW GROUNG ELEVATIONS
WHAT ARE 3 TYPES OF CONTOUR LINES?
1)INDEX
2)INTERMEDIATE
3)SUPPLEMENTARY
HOW MANY MILS ARE IN ONE DEGREE?
17.7 MILS
HOW MANY NORTHS ARE THERE ON A MILITARY MAP?
1) TRUE NORTH
2) MAGNETIC NORTH
3) GRID NORTH
WHAT SHAPE ARE THE CONTOUR LINES THAT INDICATE A SADDLE?
CONCENTRIC CIRCLES THE INSIDE IS THE TOP OF THE HILL
WHAT SHAPE ARE THE CONTOUR LINES THAT INDICATE A SADDLE?
SADDLE IS SHOWN AS AN HOURGLASS
WHAT SHAPE ARE THE CONTOUR LINES THAT INDICATE A VALLEY?
LINES THAT FORM A U SHAPE OR V SHAPE
WHAT SHAPES ARE THE CONTOUR LINES THAT INDICATE A RIDGE?
THEY TEND TO BE U SHAPED OR V SHAPED AND THE CLOSED END POINTS AWAY FROM HIGH GROUND
WHAT SHAPE ARE THE CONTOUR LINES THAT INDICATE DEPRESSION?
SHOWN BY USING CLOSED CONTOUR LINES THAT HAVE TICK MARKS POINT TOWARDS LOWER GROUND
WHAT SHAPE ARE THE CONTOUR LINES THAT INDICATE A DRAW?
U SHAPED OR V SHAPED POINTING TOWARD HIGH GROUND
WHAT SHAPE ARE THE CONTOUR LINES THAT INDICATE A SPUR?
U OR V POINTING FROM HIGH GROUND
WHAT SHAPE ARE THE CONTOUR LINES THAT INDICATE A CLIFF?
SHOWN BY CONTOUR LINES VERY CLOSE TOGETHER AND TOUCHING EACH OTHER
WHAT SHAPE ARE THE CONTOUR LINES THAT INDICATE A CUT?
THE LINES EXTEND THE CUT AND ARE FILLED WITH TICK MARKS THAT POINT TOWARDS LOWER GROUND
WHAT SHAPE ARE THE CONTOUR LINES THAT INDICATE A FILL?
THE CONTOUR LINE EXTENDS THE LENGTH OF THE FILLED AREA AND HAS TICK MARKS THAT POINT TOWARDS LOWER GROUND
WHAT MUST BE DONE TO A MAP BEFORE IT CAN BE USED?
IT MUST BE ORIENTED
WHAT ARE 5 MAJOR TERRAIN FEATURES FOUND ON A MAP?
HILL
RIDGE
VALLEY
SADDLE
DEPRESSION
WHAT ARE THE 3 MINOR TERRAIN FEATURES FOUND ON A MILITARY MAP?
DRAW
SPUR
CLIFF
WHAT ARE THE 2 SUPPLEMENTARY TERRAIN FEATURES FOUND ON A MILITARY MAP
CUT
FILL
WHAT IS A MAP
A MAP IS A GRAPHIC REPRESENTATION ON THE EARTHS SURFACE
WHAT IS AN AZIMUTH?
A HORIZONTAL ANGLE THAT IS MEASURED IN A CLOCKWISE FORM FROM NORTH NORTH BASE LINE SHOWING DIRECTION
WHAT IS A VERTICLE DISTANCE?
DISTANCE BETWEEN HIGHEST AND LOWEST POINTS MEASURED
WHAT IS A CONTOUR INTERVAL?
THE VERTICAL DISTANCE BETWEEN ADJACENT CONTOUR LINES ON A MAP
WHAT IS THE DISTANCE BETWEEN GRID LINES ON A COMBAT MAP?
1 KILOMETER OR 1000 METERS
HOW MANY MILS ARE THERE IN A CIRCLE?
6400 MILS IN 360 DEGREES
WHICH NORTH IS USED WHEN USING A MILITARY MAP?
MAGNETIC NORTH WHEN USING A COMPASS AND GRID NORTH WHEN USING A MAP
HOW WOULD YOU HOLD A LENSATIC COMPASS?
AWAY FROM METAL ( WEAPONS, ELECTRICAL DEVICES) LEVEL AND FIRM
NAME TWO WAYS TO HOLD A COMPASS?
COMPASS-TO-CHEEK METHOD
CENTER-HOLD-METHOD
ARE TOPOGRAPHIC SYMBOLS DRAWN TO SCALE?
NO
WHAT DO TOPOGRAPHIC SYMBOLS REPRESENT?
MAN-MADE AND NATURAL FEATURES
IN MILITARY SYMBOLS, WHAT COLORS ARE USED FOR A MAP OVERLAY AND WHAT DO THEY REPRESENT?
BLUE-FRIENDLY FORCES
RED- ENEMY FORCES
BLACK BOUNDARIES
YELLOW-CONTAMINATED AREA BOTH FRIENDLY AND ENEMY
GREEN-ENGINEER OBSTACLES BOTH FRIENDLY AND ENEMY
WHAT IS A BACK AZIMUTH?
THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION OF AN AZIMUTH
HOW DO YOU FIGURE OUT A BACK AZIMUTH?
ADD 180 DEGREES IF AZIMUTH IS 180 OR LESS, SUBRACT 180 DEGREES IF AZIMUTH IS 180 OR MORE
WHAT IS A DECLINATION DIAGRAM?
SHOW STH ANGULAR RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MAGNETIC NORTH, GRID NORTH , AND TRUE NORTH
WHAT IS THE GENERAL RULE FOR READING MILITARY GRID COORDINATES?
RIGHT AND UP
HOW MANY SIGHTS DOES A COMPASS HAVE?
2
WHAT IS A BENCHMARK?
A MAN-MADE MARKER SHOWING POINTS OF ELEVATION
WHAT ARE PARALLELS OF LATITUDE?
MEASURED DISTANCES GOING NORTH AND SOUTH OF THE EQUATOR
WHAT IS AN AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH?
A PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN FROM AN AIRBORNE VEHICLE (AIRCRAFT, DRONES, BALLOONS, SATELLITES, AND SO FORTH)
WHAT DOES UTM STAND FOR?
UNIVERSAL TRANSVERSE MERCATOR
THE LENSATIC COMPASS HAS A BEZEL RING, EACH BEZEL RING CLICK IS EQUAL TO HOW MANY DEGREES?
3
HOW MANY TIMES WOULD THE BEZEL RING CLICK IF IT WERE FULLY ROTATED?
120
LARGE CITIES ON A MAP ARE REPRESENTED BY WHAT COLOR?
BLACK
NAME TWO WAYS TO ORIENT A MAP
USE A COMPASS AND TERRAIN ASSOCIATION
WHAT IS THE FEILD MANUAL FOR OPERATIONAL TERMS AND GRAPHICS?
FM 1-02
THA ARROW ON A COMPASS ALWAYS POINTS WHAT DIRECTION?
MAGNETIC NORTH
WHAT DOES THE TERM FLOT MEAN?
FORWARDS LINE TROOPS
WHAT ARE THE ALTERNATE COLORS ON A MAP AND WHAT DO THEY MEAN?
GRAY-ALTERNATE COLOR OF BROWN
YELLOW-BUILT UP AREAS
PINK-POLOTICAL BOUNDARIES
WHAT IS A LONGITUDE?
IMAGINARY LINES THAT GO NORTH AND SOUTH AND MEASURED IN DEGREES
WHAT IS A TOPOGRAPHIC MAP?
SHOWS TERRAINS AND LAND FORMS IN MEASURABLE WAYS AS WELL AS HORIZONTAL FEATURES OF POSITIONS SHOWED
WHAT IS A SMALL-SCALE MAP
MAPS WITH SCALES OF 1:1000000 AND SMALLER. COVERS VERY LARGE LAND AREA IN DETAIL
WHAT IS A MEDIUM-SCALE MAP?
MAPS WITH SCALES LARGER THAN 1:1000000 BUT SMALLER THAN 1:75000. THEY HAVE MODERATE DETAIL. STANDARD SCALE 1:250000
WHAT IS A LARGE-SCALE MAP?
MAP WITH SCALES OF 1:75000 AND LARGER. USED FOR TACTICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE AND LOGISTICAL PLANNING. STANDARD LARGE-SCALE IS 1:50000.
WHAT DOES THE TERM INTERSECTION MEAN?
FINDING THE LOCATION OF AN UNKNOWN POINT BY SIGHTING TWO OR MORE KNOWN POINTS
WHY IS A MAP SO IMPORTANT?
IT CAN GIVE ACCURATE DISTANCES AND LOCATIONS AND HEIGHTS, SHOWS KEY TERRAIN FEATURES.
WHAT DOES THE TERM RESECTION MEAN?
LOCATING ONE POSITION ON THE MAP BY DETERMINING THE GRID AZIMUTH TO AT LEAST TWO WELL DEFINED LOCATIONS THAT CAN BE PINPOINTED ON THE MAP
IF YOU FIND A SYMBOL ON A MAP THAT IS UNKNOWN TO YOU WHERE WOULD YOU LOOK?
THE MARGINAL DATA, LOCATED ON THE OUTSIDE LOWER PORTION OF THE MAP
HOW MANY SCALES ARE THERE ON A COMPASS, WHAT ARE THEY?
1) DEGREES
2) MILS
WHAT ARE THE 4 QUADRANTS ON A MAP?
NORTHEAST
SOUTHEAST
NORTHWEST
SOUTHWEST
WHAT ARE THE THREE ELEMENTS FOR A LAND NAVIGATION PROCESS KNOWN AS DEAD RECKONING?
KNOWN STARTING POINT
KNOWN DISTANCE
KNOWN AZIMUTH
WHAT IS THE FEATURE THAT MAKES THE LENSATIC COMPASS WORK WELL AT NIGHT?
THE DIALS AND NEEDLES ARE LUMINOUS
WHAT IS A POLAR COORDINATE?
PLOTTING OR LOCATING AN UNKNOWN POINT USING AN AZIMUTH AND A DISTANCE FROM A KNOEN STARTING POINT
WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE MAP SYSTEM THAT THE U.S. USES?
UTM
ON A LENSATIC COMPASS THERE ARE TWO RINGS, AN OUTER BLACK RING AND AN INNER RED RING, WHAT ARE THEY USED FOR?
THE INNER RED RING IS TO FIND DEGREES, AND THE OUTER BLACK RING IS TO FIND MILS
NAME 3 FEILD EXPEDIENT METHODS OF DETERMINING DIRECTION?
THE SHADOW-TIP METHOD
WATCH METHOD
NORTH STAR METHOD
WHAT IS A CONTOUR LEVEL?
VERTICAL DISTANCE BETWEEN CONTOUR LINES. THE AMT OF CONTOUR LEVEL IS LOCATED IN THE MARGINAL INFORMATION ON MAP
THE BORDER LINE AROUND THE EDGE OF THE MAP IS CALLED THE WHAT?
NEAT LINE
NAME THE DIFFERENT SLOPES FOUND ON A MAP
GENTLE
STEEP
CONCAVE
CONVEX
YOU MUST FIND AT LEAST HOW MANY KNOWN LOCATIONS ON A MAP AND THE ACTUAL GROUND IN ORDER TO PLOT YOUR LOCATION ACCURATELY?
AT LEAST 2
WHAT ARE THE THREE MAIN MAP SIZES
SMALL
MEDIUM
LARGE
WHAT ARE THE TWO METHODS OF MEASURING AN AZIMUTH
COMPASS AND PROTRACTOR
HOW CLOSE WILL AN EIGHT-DIGIT GRID GET YOU TO YOUR POINT?
10 METERS
HOW CLOSE WILL A SIX-DIGIT GRID COORDINATE GET YOU TO YOUR POINT?
100 METERS
WHAT WOULD YOU USE ON A MAP TO MEASURE ACTUAL GROUND DISTANCE?
THE BAR SCALE