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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
wbc
rutt

4-11
+ inflammatory and infectious process, leukemia
- Aplastic anemia, viaral infection, chemo, irradiation
rbc
rare jade

4.4-6.1
- anemia, hemmorrhage
hgb
12-16
+ copd, high altitude, polycythemia
- anemia , hemmorhage
Hemoglobin is a protein used by red blood cells to distribute oxygen to other tissues and cells in the body
hct
mookie fookie

37-47
+ dehydration, high altutudes, polycythemia
-anemia, hemmorhege, overhydration.

Percent of your blood that is occupied by red blood cells
mcv
80-101.1
The Mean Corpuscular Volume reflects the size of red blood cells by expressing the volume occupied by a single red blood cell. Increased values may indicate macrocytic anemia or B6 or Folic Acid deficiency and decreased values may indicate microcytic anemia, possibly caused by iron deficiency.



+ mactocytic anemia
_ microcytic anemeaMeasures the size of red blood cells. Larger or smaller than normal red blood cells may indicate anemia.
mch
/
ink money

27-32
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) gives the average weight of hemoglobin in the red blood cell. Due to its use of red blood cells in its calculation, MCH is not as accurate as MCHC in its diagnosis of severe anemias. Decreased MCH is associated with microcytic anemia and increased MCH is associated with macrocytic anemia.


Measures the amount of hemoglobin in red blood cells. Both hemoglobin and hematocrit are used to calculate this number
mchc
.
many mikes


32-37

Measures the amount of hemoglobin in red blood cells. Both HGB and HCT are used to calculate this number
platelet
130-450
Platelets are cells produced by the bone marrow to help your blood clot in order to stop bleeding from injury.

+ acute infection, chronic granulocytic lukemia, chronic pancreatitis, cirrhosis, collogen disorders, polycythemia, post splenectomy
- acute lukemia, DIC, thromocytopenic purpura
band neutro
0-8%
+ acute infections
Esono
0-4%
A type of phagocyte that produces the anti-inflammatory protein histamine.
A high number indicates allergies or parasitic infections
+ allergic reactions,esinophilic and chronic granulocytic lukemia, parasitic disorders, Hodgkins disease
- Steroid therapy
Baso
0-2%
Control inflammation and damage of tissues in the body.
+ Hyperthyroidism, ulcerative colitis, myeloproliferative diseases
- hyperthyrioidism, stress
Lympho
20-40%
Include T-cells, B-cells, and natural killer (NK) cells.
Viral infections may increase their number

+Chronic infections, lymphocytic leukemia, mono, viral infections

Adrenocortical steroid therapy
mono
4-8%
Monocytes are a type of phagocyte. These mature into macrophages, important germ eating cells. A low number can put you at a higher risk of getting sick from an infection, particularly those caused by bacteria

+ Chronic inflammtry disorders, malaria, monocytic leukemia, acute infections, Hodgkins
Na
tummy made rally
133-145
Sodium is the most abundant cation in the blood and its chief base. It functions in the body to maintain osmotic pressure, acid-base balance, and to transmit nerve impulses.

+Dehydration, impared renal function, primary aldosteronism, steroid therapy
- Addisns disease, diabetic ketoasidosis,diuretic therapy, excessive loss from gi tract, excessive perspiration, water intoxification
K
/
meal lilly

3.5-5.5
Potassium is the major intracellular cation in the blood. It, along with sodium, helps to maintain osmotic balance and is also involved in acid-base balance. It is needed for proper nerve and muscle action.
+addisons disease, diabetic ketosis, massive tissue destruction, renal fail.
- Cushings syndrome, severe diarrhea, diuretic therap, gi fisula, pyloric obstruction, sarvation, vomiting.
Cl
/
poor hideous housewife

94-108
Chloride's significance relates to its maintenance of cellular integrity through its influence on osmotic pressure, it also helps monitor acid-base balance and water balance. Elevated levels are related to acidosis as well as too much water crossing the cell membrane. Decreased levels with decreased serum albumin may indicate water deficiency crossing the cell membrane
+ Cardiac decomp, metabolic acidosis, respalkalosis, steroid therapy, uremia
Addisons disease, diarrhea, metabolic alkalosis, resp acidosis, vomiting
BUN
6-19
The nitrogen component of urea, B.U.N. is the end product of protein metabolism and its concentration is influenced by the rate of excretion. Increases can be caused by excessive protein intake, kidney damage, certain drugs, low fluid intake, intestinal bleeding, exercise, or heart failure. Decreased levels may be due to a poor diet, malabsorption, liver damage, or low nitrogen intake.

+ Increase in protein catabolism (fever, distres) renal disease , uti
- malnutrition, severe lliver damage
creatinine
0.6-1.6Creatinine is the waste product of muscle metabolism. Its level is a reflection of the body's muscle mass. Low levels are sometimes seen in kidney damage, protein starvation, liver disease, or pregnancy. Elevated levels are sometimes seen in kidney disease due to the kidneys job of excreting creatinine, muscle degeneration, and some drugs involved in impairment of kidney function.
+ Active rheumatoid arthritis , billiary obstruction, hyperthyroidism, renal disorder, severe muscle disease

-Diabetes mellitus.
glucose
70-110
co2
/
winning info

22-28
inc= compens resp acidosis, metabolic alkalosis
dec= compens resp alkalosis, metabolic acidosis
Mg
delay annual

1.5-2.5
Magnesium is necessary for nearly all biochemical processes in the body. It helps maintain normal muscle and nerve function, keeps the bones strong, controls the heart beat, and helps regulate blood pressure. Magnesium also controls blood sugar levels and helps support the body's defense (immune) system

High magnesium levels are manifested by decreased reflexes, somnolence, and heart block.
+ addisons disease,hypothyroidism, renal fail
- chronic etoh, hyperparathyroidism, hyperthyroidism,hypoparathyroidism, severe malabsorption
Ca
/
hip heads alli

9.0-10.5The most abundant mineral in the body, it is involved in bone metabolism, protein absorption, fat transfer muscular contraction, transmission of nerve impulses, blood clotting, and cardiac function. It is highly sensitive to elements such as magnesium, iron, and phosphorus as well as hormonal activity, vitamin D levels, alkalinity and acidity, and many drugs.

+Acute osteoporosis, hyperparathyroidism, vit D intoxication, multiple myeloma
- Acute pancreatitis, hypoparathyroidism, liver disease, malabsorption syndrome, renal fail, vit D deficiency
albumin
mellow alice

3.5-5.0Albumin is the major constituent of serum protein (usually over 50%). It is manufactured by the liver from the amino acids taken from the diet. It helps in osmotic pressure regulation, nutrient transport, and waste removal. High levels are rarely seen and are primarily due to dehydration. Low levels are seen in poor diets, diarrhea, fever, infection, liver disease, inadequate iron intake, third-degree burns and edemas, and hypocalcemia.

+ dehydration
- Chronic liver disease, malabsorption, malnutrition, nephrotic syndrome, pregnancy
total protein
/
jew waif


6-8
+ burns, cirrhosis (globulin fraction), dehydration
- Congenital agmmaglobulinemia, liver disease, malabsorption
urine specific gravity
1.001 - 1.035
+Albuninurea, dehydration, glycosuria
-Diabetes insipidus
ur ph
4.8-8.0
+Chronic renal fail, compensatory phase of alkalosis, salicylateintoxication, veggie diet.
- Compensentory phase of acidosis, dehydration, emphysema
ABG ph
7.35-7.45
abg pco2
35-45
abg po2
80-100
hco3
22-26