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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Infusion of warm sterile saline into the uterus in an attempt to increase the fluid around the umbilical cord to prevent cord compression during labor contractions; also used to dilute thick meconium-stained amniotic fluid.
Artificial Rupture of Membranes. Pitocin/Oxytocin/Cervidil/Cytotec
Augmentation of labor
Bishop score
A prelabor scoring system to assist in predicting whether an induction of labor may be successful.
Cephalopelvic Disproportion (CPD)
A condition in which the fetal head is of such a shape or size, or in such a position, that it cannot pass through the pelvis.
Cesarean Section
Birth of a fetus accomplished by performing a surgical incision through the abdomen & uterus.
Difficult labor. Fetal or pelvic factors.
External (cephalic) Version (ECV)
Procedure involving external manipulation of the abdomen to change the presentation of the fetus from breech to cephalic.
Hypertonic uterine dysfunction
No dilation or enfacement with contractions.
Hypotonic uterine dysfunction
Weak ineffective contractions
Induction of Labor
The process of causing or initiating labor by use of medication or surgical rupture of membranes.
Labor graph (Friedman’s curve)
Cervical dilation at a steady pace.
A presentation of the fetus into the birth canal that is not "normal" - that is, brown, face, shoulder, or breech presentation.
Abnormal position of the fetus in the birth canal.
Precipitate Labor
Labor lasting less than 3 hours.
Premature labor
Regular contractions between 20
Tocolytic agents
Medications that are used to stop contractions. Magnesium Sulfate, Brethine, Ritodrine
Trial of labor (TOL)
Uterine Inversion
Prolapse of the uterine fundus through the cervix and into the vagina. May occur prior to or during expulsion of the placenta; associated with massive hemorrhage, requiring emergency treatment.
Uterine rupture
Tearing of the muscle wall of the uterus.
Vaginal birth after cesarean
Precipitous Birth
Rapid progression of labor. Also can be a birth in which no physician is in attendance.