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43 Cards in this Set

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sodium
135-145 mEq/L
hyponatremia
Na level <135 mEq/L
Urine specific gravity <1.010
Hypernatremia
Na level >145
urine specific gravity >1.015
Potassium
3.5-5.0 mEq/L
acidosis
pH <7.35
alkalosis
pH >7.45
bases--bicarb
acids---H
Partial pressure of CO2
PaCO2: 35-45 mmHg
Bicarbonate HCO3
22-26 mEq/L
partial pressure of O2
PaO2: 80-100 mgHg
arterial 02 saturation
Sa02: 95%-100%
Respiratory acidosis
pH <7.35
PaCO2: >45mmHg
HCO3: normal
respiratory alkalosis
pH> 7.45
PaCO2 <35 mmHg
HCO3--normal
Metabolic acidosis
pH <7.35
HCO3 <22 mEq/L
PaCO2: normal
Metabolic alkalosis
pH >7.45
HCO3 >26 mEq/L
PaCO2--normal
red blood cells
4.5-5.9 x10^12/L
hemoglobin
12-17 g/dl
Hematocrit
36-51%
platelets
150,000-450,000 cells/ml
critical levels: <50,000 and >1,000,000
WBC's
4.4--11 x10^9/L
neutrophils
55-70
band cells
0-5
lymphocytes
25-40
monocytes
2-8
eosinophils
1-4
basophils
0-1
ESR
useful indication of the presence and intensity of an inflammatory process.
NOT diagnostic of a particular disease
measures the rate at which RBCs settle in saline or plasma
low ESR
blood deficiency
high ESR
inflammatory process or neoplastic condition
activated partial thromboplastin
APTT
reference range: 24-35 seconds.
therapeutic range: 1.5-2.5 x normal value
critical range: APTT > 100seconds.
Prothrombin time PT
reference range: 10-14 seconds
therapeutic range: 1.5-2.5 x normal
critical value: >20seconds.
International Normalized Ratio
INR
range: 1-1.3
anticoagulants: 2-3
mechanical heart valve: 2.5-3.5
critical value: >4-5
albumin
4-6 g/L
prealbumin
15-35 mg/dl
blood urea nitrigen BUN
10-20 mg/dl
creatinine Cr+
.6-1.3 mg/dl
uric acid
range: 2.4-7 mg/dl
critical levels: >12 mg/dl
creatinine phosphokinase (CPK)
men
women
men: 55-170 IU/L
women: 30-135 IU/L
Cardiac Troponin
T:
I:
troponin T: <0.2mcg/L
troponin I: <0.03mcg/L
calcium
8.5-10.5 mg/d
phosphorus HPO-4
2.5-4.5 mg/d
magnesium
1.5-2.5 mg/dl
glucose
60-120 mg/dl
critical values <60, >400
HgbA1c--glycosylated hemoglobin assay
<5.5% no diabetes
2.5-6% controlled diabetes
>8% uncontrolled diabetes