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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Pancreatic Polypeptide
helps regulate exocrine function of pancreas
F cells
Pancreas
pancreatic polypeptide
somatostatin
inhibits release of insulin and glucagon
delta cells
pancreas
somatostatin
insulin
promotes decrease of blood sugar levels
beta cells
pancreas
insulin
glucagon
polypeptide that raises blood sugar levels by stimulating liver to release glucose stored as glycogen and synthesize glucose from non-carb sources
alpha cells
pancreas
glucagon
oxyphil cells
parathyroid
no function
parathyroid hormone
stimulates osteoclasts to increase bone reabsorption, raising blood calcium levels
chief cells
parathyroid
parathyroid hormone
calcitonin
inhibits osteoclast activity, lowering calcium levels in blood
parafollicular cells
thyroid
calcitonin
T3 and T4
regulate metabolic rate of body
principal cells
thyroid
t3 and t4
catecholamines
epinephrine and norepinephrine
chromaffin cells
adrenal medulla
catecholamines
melanocyte stimulating hormone
function unknown
melatonin
function unknown
parenchymal cells
pineal
melatonin
pars intermedia
pituitary
melanocyte stimulating hormone
chromophobes
pars distalis
function unknown
basophils
pars distalis
thyrotropic hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, lutenizing hormone, adrenocorticotropic hormone
acidophils
pars distalis
prolactin and somatotropin
antidiuretic hormone
promotes reabsorption of h2o by kidney tubules
oxytocin
promotes uterine contractions and milk release
neurohypophysis
pituitary
contains pituicytes
oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone