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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Xiphoid cartlage
cartilaginous flap projecting from posterior end of sternum
muscular sheet to which all muscle fibers are arranged radially around its edge; when they contract they flatten the central portion of the dome
intercostal muscles
between ribs, assist in ventilation
Thymus gland
place where white blood cells formed in red bone marrow mature into T cells
place when mechanical and chemical digestion begin
opening to trachea
flap of tissue guarding trachea; prevents food from entering the respiratory system
storage chamber and site of mixing and mechanical and chemical digestion
reservoir for blood and destroys damaged red blood cells
pyloric sphincter
muscular valve controlling flow of food from stomach to small intestine
1) endocrine gland - produces insulin
2) digestive gland - secretes enzymes and sodium bicarbonate
secretes bile for emulsification of large particles
main site of nutrient absorption; chemical digestion
finger-like projections of the inner lining of the intestine to increase absorptive capacity
Ileocolic valve
opens ileum into colon
main site of water absorption and formation of fecal material
large sac at end of ileum; appendix in humans
process of rhymtic contractions and relaxations of muscles to move and mix food
Urinary bladder
sac used to store urine
leads from the bladder to the urinary opening
carry urine from kidneys to bladder
receive blood from the heart and filter out wastes and excess nutrients; form urine
connective tissue holding the testes in place in the scrotal sac
Spermatic cord
spermatic artery and vein entwined
Semiferous tubules
produce sperm by meiosis
place where sperm mature and gain the ability to swim
Vas deferens
tube carrying sperm from epididymus to urethra
Atrioventricular valve
prevents backflow of blood into the atria when the ventricles contract
sac surrounding the heart
Coronary vessels
vessels on the outer surface of the heart
Right anterior (superior)vena cava
carries deoxygenated blood from the right side of the upper body to the right atrium
Left anterior vena cava
carries deoxygenated blood from the left side of the upper body to the right atrium
Internal jugular veins
bring blood to the anterior vena cava from the neck and thyroid regions
External jugular veins
receive blood form the head region
Cephalic vein
carries blood from the shoulder and forelimb regions
Subclavian veins
bring blood from the forelimbs
Azygous vein
drains blood from both sides of the thoracic wall into the left anterior vena cava
Intercostal veins
drain the thoracic body wall and empty into the azygous vein
Posterior (inferior) vena cava
receives deoxygenated blood from the lower body and returns it to the right atrium
Hepatic veins
carry blood from the lobes of the liver to the posterior vena cava
Hepatic portal vein
collects blood from the spleen, stomach, pancreas and intestines and conducts it to the liver (exception to rule of veins)
Renal veins
brings filtered blood from the kidneys
Genital veins
bring blood from the reproductive organs
Iliolumbar veins
drain the back muscles from the right and left sides
Iliac veins
drain the leg regions
Pulmonary veins
bring oxygenated blood back to the heart from the lungs
carries oxygenated blood to the body
Innominate artery
carries oxygenated blood to the forelimb and to the head region on the right side of the body
Right subclavian artery
carries blood to right forelimb
Right common carotid
takes blood to the right side of the neck and head
Left subclavian artery
carries blood to left shoulder and forelimb
Intercostal arteries
supply blood to the body wall of the thoracic cavity
Celiac artery
carries blood to stomach, small intestine, and spleen
Hepatic artery
supplies blood to the liver
Anterior mesenteric artery
supplies small and large intestine
Renal arteries
supplies kidneys
Genital arteries
supplies reproductive organs
Iliolumbar arteries
supply body wall of abdominal cavity
Posterior mesenteric artery
supplies rectum and colon
Iliac arteries
distribute blood to hind limbs