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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Where is the SCAPULA found?
It covers the 2nd to 7th rib
Where is the ACROMION found?
Palpated at tip of shoulder
Where is the SECOND SACRAL SPINE found?
At the level of the posterior superior iliac spine.
What is the vertebral location of the ILIAC CREST?
L4
Where is the vertebral location of the LOWER ANGLE of the SCAPULA?
T7
Which two vertebra are the most prominent?
C7
T1
What is the LIGAMENTUM NUCHAE?
A fibrous partition between the two muscles of the side of the back of the neck.
Where is the MASTOID PROCESS found?
Bumps lateral to midline on posterior skull.
What is the INION?
The EXTERNAL OCCIPITAL PROTUBERANCE
What is the primary curvature of the spine?
Thoracic & Sacral
Formed in fetus
What is the secondary curvature of the spine?
Cervical & Lumbar
Formed during infancy and childhood
Which vertebra is known as ATLAS?
C1
Largest Cervical because it supports the skull
Which vertebra is known as AXIS?
C2
Strongest Cervical because it supports the rotation of skull
What is the DENS?
A.K.A. ODONTOID PROCESS
Projects superiorly from body prevents horizontal displacement of atlas.
What is unique about cervical vertebrae?
FORAMEN TRANSVERSARIUM
Vertebral arteries pass through these openings.
Where is the PEDICLE?
Short, stout processes that join vertebral arch to vertebral body
What is the LAMINA?
Two broad, flat plates of bone met by the PEDICLES.
What is the TRANSVERSE PROCESS?
Posterolateral projections from the junctions of the PEDICLES and LAMINAE.
What are the functions of the Vertebral Column?
Supports weight of the body
Protects the spinal cord and nerves
Major role in posture and locomotion
Rigid and flexible axis for body & pivot for head
How many of each type of vertebrae are there?
7 Cervical
12 Thoracic
5 Lumbar
5 Sacral
4 Coccygeal
What is KYPHOSIS?
AKA Humpback
Abnormal increase in thoracic aperture
What is LORDOSIS?
AKA sway back
Anterior rotation of pelvis
Seen in pregnancy and obesity
What is SCOLIOSIS?
AKA Curved Back
Abnormal lateral curvature with rotation of the vertebrae
What movement is allowed at the ATLANTAL-OCCIPITAL JOINT?
Flexion/Extension of neck
('yes' movement)
What movement is allowed at the ATLANTAL-AXIAL JOINT?
Rotation
('no' movement)
What is the Intervertebral Disc made out of?
ANNULUS FIBROSUS (outer rings)
NUCLEUS PULPOSUS (inner rings)
Name the face of the SCAPULA located superior to the Spine?
SUPRASPINOUS FOSSA
Name the face of the SCAPULA located inferior to the spine?
INFRASPINOUS FOSSA
What is the difference between the SUPERIOR and INFERIOR ANGLE of the SCAPULA?
SUPERIOR ANGLE lies across the top of the bone, the INFERIOR ANGLE lies along the bottom of the bone.
What is the origin of the TRAPEZIUS?
Medial third of SUPERIOR NUCHAL LINE
LIGAMENTUM NUCHAE
Spines of C7 and all Thoracic vertebrae
What is the Insertion of the TRAPEZIUS?
Lateral third of CLAVICLE
Medial aspect of ACROMION
Medial aspect of SPINE OF SCAPULA
What is the Innervation of TRAPEZIUS?
Spinal Accessory Nerve
Sensory branches C3 & C4
What are the actions of the TRAPEZIUS?
Upper fibers -- Elevate
Middle fibers -- Retract Scapula
Lower fibers -- Depress Scapula
What is the Origin of the LATISSIMUS DORSI?
Lower six thoracic spines
THORACOLUMBAR FASCIA
Outer lip of ILIAC CREST
Lower 3-4 ribs
INFERIOR ANGLE of SCAPULA
What is the insertion of the LATISSIMUS DORSI?
Floor of INTERTUBERCULAR SULCUS of the HUMERUS.
What is the Innervation of the LATISSIMUS DORSI?
THORACODORSAL NERVE
What is the Action of the LATISSIMUS DORSI?
Adduction
Medial rotation
Extension
What is the Innervation of the LEVATOR SCAPULAE?
Dorsal scapular nerve
C3
C4
What is the Innervation of RHOMBOIDEUS MAJOR & MINOR?
DORSAL SCAPULAR NERVE
What are the boundaries of the TRIANGLE of AUSCULTATION?
Lateral border of TRAPEZIUS
Medial border of SCAPULA
Superior fibers of LATISSIMUS DORSI
Space between 6th & 7th Ribs
What are the muscles that make up the Intermediate Group of EXTRINSIC BACK MUSCLES and what is their function?
SERRATUS POSTERIOR SUPERIOR / INFERIOR
Respiration
What muscles make up the Superficial layer of Intrinsic Back Muscles?
SPLENIUS CAPITIS
SPLENIUS CERVICIS
What muscles make up the Intermediate layer of Intrinsic Back Muscles?
ERECTOR SPINAE (3 divisions):
ILIOCOSTALIS
LONGISSIMUS
SPINALIS
What Innervates the Erector Spinae?
DORSAL RAMI of spinal nerves
What is another name for ERECTOR SPINAE?
SACROSPINALIS
What Action does ERECTOR SPINAE have?
bilaterally: Extension of vertebral column and head
unilaterally: Lateral bend of vertebral column
What muscles make up the Deep layer of Intrinsic Back Muscles?
SEMISPINALIS
MULTIFIDUS
ROTATORES
INTERSPINALES
INTERTRANSVERSARII
Where does the DORSAL RAMUS Innervate?
Muscles & Skin of dorsal aspect of body.
Where does the VENTRAL RAMUS Innervate?
Muscles / Skin on ventral side of body.
What makes up the Posterior layer of THORACOLUMBAR FASCIA?
APONEUROSIS of LATISSIMUS DORSI and SERRATUS POSTERIOR SUPERIOR