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56 Cards in this Set

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huasteca
ensemble that features falsetto tones of a male singer accompanied by two guitars and a violin, may perform dances on steps of San Sebastian cathedral
syncretism
fusion of cultures that takes place when different thnic groups meet
criollos, mestizos
latin americans of mixed race
use of harmony
from europe, uses european harmonic techniques and harmonic progresions, through guitar strumming often
parallel thirds
singers and instrumentalists thicken textures by adding a parellel melody two scale steps away that creates a consonant succession of intervals called thirds
paired phrases
song texts that are often written in paired lines, called coplas, with pauses between lines. the first line of the piar ends with an unsettled feeling which the second line resolves
distinctive dance rhythms
charactersitic rhythms often derived from the habanera and swequialtera largely define latin american dances
rhthm guitar
vigorous harmonic strumming of the guitars, as well as percussion, emphasize dance rhythms
rumba
cuban dance
tango
argentinian dance
samba
brazilian dance
habanera
MANY dances have influence from this
sesquialtera
simple triple compound duple, it is a polyrhythm
autos
folk religious dramas in mexico
son
refers to a wide variety of different song and dance types all usually use the sesquialtera strumming guitars and a fast stamping couple dance
fast stamping couple dance
zapateado
coplas
paired lines, each line usually corresponds to a musical phrase of regular length with a pause between each line during which time the instruments fill in. first pair ends in cadence, unsettled harmony and melodic tone, and the second resolves both the harmony and the idea expressed in the text.
conjunto
generic name for folk band in mexico
chilena
acapulco, pacific coast, gold rush, influence of south american cueca, includes a guitar, another small guitar called the requinto, sometimes wind instruments and a string baess
huapango
rural regions around mexico city, medium sized guitar known as jarana and a special large guitar, the huapanguera. violin which plays fast running figures
mariachi
originated in the ranches around guadalajara, charro costumes, replaced harp with the large guitar bass called the guitarron, pair of trumpets suitable for urban environmentsrepertory of ranchera songs became famous, love ssongs, ballads, sung in parallel thirds echoed by trumpets
jarocho
from veracruz, la bamba, jarana,(five-course guitar), requinto (small guitar) and arpa, a diatonically tuned harp
zapateados
stamping, boot-tapping dances that would go on perhaps until dawn
fandango( traditional music of fandango is the son jarocho)
festival of invited musical groups, the musicians are more likely to be professional who play at restaurants and weddings, tied with jarocho
maniqueos/rasgueado
since son jarocho music lacks percussion instruments the rhythmic and percussive use of the instruments of the ensemble make up for it. these rhythms are created through up and down strums called maniqueos or rasgueado
bajo sexto
six string bass guitar
canciones revolucionarias
revolutionary songs
conjunto nortena
popular band
conjunto
standardized as accordion, guitar, string bass, and singer
zarzuelas
operetta
carnaval
brazilian musical tradition,
samba schools
they parade through the streets competing for the recognition of judges street revelers and millions who watch the spectacle on television, each school consists of hundreds of elaborately costumed dancer on top of an dbeside lavish floats and hundred or more percussionists who make up the
bateria
they are the samba percussion band
brazil=
portuguese
batuque
characteristic dance, slave dance, took turns dancing
capoiera
stylized martial arts dance
berimbae
a musical bow tapped with a stick and equipped with a half-gourd resonator placed against the chest, characteristic instrument associated with capoiera
atabaque and agogo
tall drum and double iron bell may join in capoiera dance, berimbau can change pitch but it is mainly a rhythmic instrument
le, rumpi, and rum
conical or barrel shaped drums, smallest to largest, called le, rumpi, and rum accompany a complex repertory of songs, each unique to a particular spirit, with intense polyrhythms
lundu
dance that filtered into urban salons as early as the eighteenth century,
favelas
known for their bands of street musicians called choros
choros
played versions of popular dances like the lundu, polka
maxixe
highly syncopated brazilian dance
samba cancao
more relaxed and refined version of the samba dance
batucada
percussive style dance
blocos afro
reintroduction of self consciously african elements into their bands as a way to reestablish african traditions and an ethnic identity.
MPB
musica popular brasileira, composers Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil=electric instruments and rock influence milton Nascimento Jorge Ben= african elements
modhina
arranged by professional pianist composers, smooth lyricism
kena
andean notch flute
bomba
andean drum
charango
small guitar andean
huayno
popular dance throughout the andes, a lively duple meter dance with a characteristic long-short-short rhythm
mestizo music
ethnic mixtures the pan-andean popular music sound they represented
campesinos
mountain peasants
chicha
hybrid sounds combining colombian cumbia, cuban percussion, and north american rock with the local huayno
cajon
open wooden box that a drummer sits on and plays with his or her handsafrican slaves in some coastal areas represent yet another distinctive hybrid