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26 Cards in this Set

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The scientific name for the ants used in this lab is _________________________.
Pogonomyrmex barbatus
What is the category of chemicals called that functions as sex attractants as well as a means of identifying members of a colony or caste of insects? _______________________
pheromones
Which female in an ant colony is the only fertile reproductive ant? ___________
queen
Female ants differ from male ants because the female ants are ________________ while the male ants are _________________.
diploid, haploid
How often does the fertile female ant of a colony mate? ____________________
?
Each female ant receives ____________ copy/copies of the female parent genome.
one
Female siblings, on average, share _____________% of the genetic information they received from their female parent
50%
Female siblings share _____________% of the genetic information they received from their male parent.
100%
On average, female sibling ants share ____________% of their entire genomes in common.
75%
Worker ants can propagate their genes indirectly by ____________ the queen ant.
helping
In this lab you will be investigating whether or not the ants show a preference for their own soil or __________________________ and whether or not they show a preference for their own soil or _______________________.
non-nest soil, foreign soil
You should be careful when handling the ants because they can inflict a painful _____________ on the unwary
sting
What kind of hypothesis will you be testing in the lab? ___________________________
null
State specifically the hypothesis that you will be testing:
ants can recognize their own nest
How long will you observe each individual ant? ___________________________
10 minutes
How many ants (n) will make up the initial small samples? __________________
5
How many ants (n) will make up the pooled sample? _______________________
20
What kind of statistical test will be performed on the data? __________________________________
Wilcoxan Signed Test
What happens to the null hypothesis if data are significant? __________________
reject
What happens to the null hypothesis if the data are not significant? _______________________________
accept
If the calculated T value was smaller than the appropriate T value in the Wilcoxan Signed Rank test table, what would do with your hypothesis? ______________________________
statistically significant
If the ants have no soil preference in this investigation, how often would you expect to observe them on the non-nest soil samples? ___________________________
50%
How might the ants recognize their own soil from a sample taken from else where? __________________________________________________________
phermones
At what level of significance are we testing these data? _____________________
?
If the data are statistically significant, what is the probability that these data reflect a sampling error and are actually not significant? _____________________
?
How often do we prove our hypothesis to be correct? _______________________
?