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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
To be, to act, to feel as one genuinely is. To live one’s individuality.
Awareness of a world, experience of the world. Consciousness is sometimes distinguishable from unconsciousness, in which there is no awareness or experience of a world. Consciousness is not the world, but of the world. For Husserl, consciousness could be bracketed and simply studied in itself and significantly independently of the world or its relationship to the world
Gestalt psychology:
a German school of psychological study founded in the early 20th century by Max Werthheimer. Gestalt psychologist claimed that perception or sensory consciousness goes beyond the basis physical data provided by the senses.
In Husserl’s phenomenology, it is the life-world or that structured world that we live in and that reflects our past experience from our childhood onward.
as used by phenomenologist, an essential aspect of the structure of consciousness in which consciousness is always directed toward an object or objectivity. Thus, it is not possible to simply believe, but one must believe that something is the case. One cannot simply feel, but one must feel pain, or joy or pleasure.
a 20th century school of philosophy whose founding is traditionally attributed to Edmund Husserl. In phenomenology, philosophical study starts with our subjectivity or consciousness, consciousness being ultimately real and hence the ground of being itself.
Those expectations or assumptions within consciousness. In the case of ambiguous figures, such as the duck-rabbit example, the noema is the aspect of consciousness which determines that we see the figure as a duck as opposed to a rabbit and vice-versa.
within the school of phenomenology, the phenomenon is that which appears, the immediate contents of consciousness.
a German word used by Martin Heidegger and usually translated to mean care. Care or sorge is used to characterize the different ways in which our consciousness relates to the world.
the starting point for phenomenologist, which concerns the structure and content of consciousness and nothing that exists apart from it
Edmund Husserl –
according to him.. taking the phenomenological point of view required that we put the world in brackets.
reality reveals itself to us through moods
Gestalt -
AMBIGUOUS FIGURES demonstrate the compelling nature of the laws that govern our perception of wholes – you cannot see both of the images in an ambiguous figure at the same time./The brain, according to the Gestalt psychologists, contains electrical fields which are responsible for the laws of perceptual organisation. When sensory receptors are stimulated, sensory information is organised into electrical fields. This causes the automatic perception of a "good" figure.
Soren Kierkegaard-
wrote “what I really lack is to be clear in my mind what I am to do, not what I am to know.
What is the significance of the ambiguous figures studied in Gestalt psychology?
The significance of the ambiguous figuse studied in Gestalt psychology is how we interpret what we see based on our experience. You may show some one a picture and there interpretation of what is seen on the picture may be different from someone else interpretation based on the other person’s life experiences and ideas.
For Heidegger, man is a caring being. Discuss what Heidegger means by this
and how significant this notion is for relating to the world.
Heidegger means that our consciousness focuses on what we as individuals care about. It is significant to relating to the world in a number of ways. If our consciousness has motive to learn about how a car works it focuses on the mechanics of the engine. If our consciousness cars about the outer surface of the automobile it focuses on the exterior design and cares nothing about the mechanics in an more specific sense.