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18 Cards in this Set

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Antirealism:
a metaphysical view that the objects of experience do not exist independently of our experience.
Atomism:
A materialist view first attributed to a school of thought in Ancient Greece which argued that all of reality is reducible to elementary things called atom, which mean uncuttable, since they are the ultimate building blocks.
Dualism:
The metaphysical view that reality ultimately consists of two kinds of things. Within dualism, distinctions are made between substantive and property dualistic views.
Idealism:
The metaphysical view that reality ultimately consist of ideas and the minds that have them. Again, there are variant views of idealism such as transcendental idealism.
Materialism:
The metaphysical view that reality ultimately consist of matter or something physical, and that this physical matter is independent of our thinking about it, and that our thinking is in some manner reducible to a physical process.
Metaphysics:
Philosophical study of the ultimate nature of reality.
Monism:
Metaphysical view that reality ultimately consist of one thing.
Neuron:
a nerve cell
Realism:
the metaphysical view that the objects of experience exist independently of their being experienced.
Synapse:
The gap between the dendrite of one neuron and the axon of another neuron.
Synaptic weight:
a metaphorical reference to the changes that occur within the brain, specifically the number and locations of synapses, as living experiences “shape” the brain’s neural anatomy.
Pragamatism:
a philosophical school of thought, which epistemologically test truth in terms of “usefulness’ or “workability.” Tends to be metaphysically pluralistic.
Thomas Hobbes-
only matter in motion is real.
George Berkeley-
to exist - - that is, to be – is to be perceived. Outstanding defender of metaphysical idealism.
William James
(pragmatist) metaphysical disputes can be resolved by tracing each view’s practical consequences to see if they make any real difference.
A.J. Ayer
view metaphysical statements as meaningless b/c they are neither tautologies nor statements of fact that can be verified by observation.
Metaphysically, are you a materialist, idealist or pragmatist? Describe this position and explain why you identify with this particular viewpoint.
Metaphysically I would say I’m a idealist. The reason I say this is because I agree with the fact that without the idea of something existing it would not exist to me. Even though it would exist if I thought of it or not. But in the personal since nothing exist to me until it is an idea that has been presented to me whether it be in my consciousness or my subconsciousness.
If you are a materialist how do you account for the subjective nature of
consciousness? For example, you might discuss how our belief that we
dream in images is possible, given that such images shouldn't be able to
exist in a physical organ like our brain.
??? N/A