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23 Cards in this Set

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Alzheimer’s Disease:
a nonreversible, degenerative disease of the central nervous system typically afflicting the elderly and bringing on dementia. Named after the German physician, Alois Alzheimer who died in 1915.
Attribute:
A quality or property belonging to a person or thing.
Consciousness:
To be aware. As used by Locke in this episode, an awareness of the operation of a mental faculty. Closer here to one sense of self-consciousness.
Dementia:
Deterioration of mental faculties due to organic brain disorders.
Elusive:
Difficult to capture, to find to understand.
Enduring:
To persist. In the sense of an enduring self to remain the same self over time while allowing for some changes without thereby losing one’s identity or self.
Idea:
For David Hume a copy of an impression which is thereby less lively and vivid an impression.
Identity:
That which is either individualizes us or marks a person or thing as being the same over time. This episode of “The Examined Life is concerned with identity in the later sense of re-identification and specifically of re-identifying a self or person.
Illusion:
An erroneous perception or sense experience.
Impression:
For David Hume our lively, immediate perceptions.
Introspection:
Looking inward to the contents of one’s own mind or mental experiences.
Imperishable:
Indestructible, non-perishable
Memory:
the mental faculty which enables us to recall past experiences or a recalled past experience.
Self:
who each of us is, our identity
Socrates-
raised some skeptical concerns about an enduring self b/c all parts of our body and soul change dramatically over time.
Rene Descartes-
self was known for certain. If he ceased to think he would not be.
John Locke-
argues that personal identity or sameness of self resides in continuity of memory.
David Hume-
according to him if the self is to be known then it is known through introspection.
Diotima-
argued that “unlike the gods, a mortal creature cannot remain the same throughout eternity..
Buddha-
an enduring self is an illusion.
Do you believe that an enduring self or personal identity exists? If so, why?
If not, why not?
I believe that an enduring self exist because the existence of God. Since the foundation of my beliefs that my parents instilled in me. That all mankind has a soul that will exist even after the body is gone.
Why is the problem of an enduring self or personal identity significant
philosophically, morally, politically, legally or from any other perspective you
would care to consider?
It’s significant because of its mystery. No one can see it, smell it , taste it, or etc., but the word soul exist in our vocabularies no matter what origin that we are.
What is the view of the self taken by traditional western religions vs. that typically taken by science? Can they be resolved? Can both be correct?
The view of self taken by traditional westen religions vs. that typically taken by science is that a soul exist before it is united with body and after it is taken away from the body. They will never be resolved in the sense of the resolution coming to us in our present state of what we call life. I believe that all of mankind rationality is correct to a certain degree. But the answer to the question can only be answered by the one who created the universeral.