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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
WHY CELLS VARY IN SIZE AND SHAPE
THEY CAN'T GET TOO LARGE B/C OF SURFACE AREA TO VOLUME RATIO
PROKARYOTIC CELLS
LACK A MEMBRANE ENCLOSED NUCLEUS
PROCARYOTIC CELLS

NULCEOID REGION
COILED STRANDS OF DNA
PROCARYOTIC CELLS

RIBOSOMES
SITE WHERE PROTEINS ARE ASSEMBLED
PROCARYOTIC CELLS

PLASMA MEMBRANE
SURROUNDS CELL CONTENTS, SEPARATES FROM ENVIORNMENT
PROCARYOTIC CELLS

CELL WALL
HELPS PROTECT CELL, MAKES IT RIGID
PROCARYOTIC CELLS

CAPSULE
SOME PROKARTOES HAVE AN OUTER COAT - PROTECTION AND STICKING
PROCARYOTIC CELLS

PILI
SHORT EXTERNAL PROJECTIONS USED FOR STICKING AND COMMUNICATION
PROCARYOTIC CELLS

FLAGELLA
LONGER TAIL HELPS PROPEL THE CELL IN ITS ENVIORNMENT
EUKARYOTIC CELLS
HAVE A MEMBRANE THAT SURROUNDS NUCLEAR MATERAL
EUKARYOTIC CELLS

NUCLEUS - ?

CYTOPLASM - ?

ORGANELLS - ?
NUCLEUS - HOUSES DNA

CYTOPLASM - FLUID FILLED REGION

ORGANELLES - STRUCTURES W/ SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS
EUKARYOTIC CELLS

NUCLEUS AND NUCLEOLUS
NUCLEUS HOUSEES CHROMOSOMES

NUCLEOLUS IS SITE OF RIBOSOME PARTS ASSEMBLY

IN A MEMBRANE, NUCLEAR ENVELOPE
EUKARYOTIC CELLS

ENDOMEMBRANE SYSTEM
A SYSTEM OF INTERCONNECTED MEMBRANES THAT RUN THROUGHOUT THE CELL FO SYNTHESIS, STORAGE AND TRANSPORT OF NUCLEUS
EUKARYOTIC CELLS
ENDOMEMBRANE SYSTEM

ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
2 FORMS; SMOOTH AND ROUGH

PACKAGES PRODUCTS IN TINY SACS CALLED TRANSPORT VESICLES THAT BUD OFF
EUKARYOTIC CELLS - ENDOMEMBRANE SYSTEM

ROUGH ER
STUDDED WITH RIBOSOMES, SMALL RNA STRUCTURES WHERE PROTEINS ARE MANUFACTURED
EUKARYOTIC CELLS-ENDOMEMBRANE SYSTEM

SMOOTH ER
LACK RIBOSOMES, WALL CONTAINES ENZYMES THAT MAKE PHOSPOLIPIDS, STEROIDS, FATTY ACICD,S AND STORE MINERALS USED FOR MUSCLES CONTRACTION
EUKARYOTIC CELLS-ENDOMEMBRANE SYSTEM

GOLGI APPARUTUS
RECIEVES PACKAGES SUCH AS TRANSPORT VESICLES ON ONES SIDE

MODIFIES PRODUCTS

REPACKAGES IN NEW TRANPORT VESICLES FOR PLASMA MEMBRANE OR OTHER SITE
EUKARYOTIC CELLS-ENDOMEMBRANE SYSTEM

LYSOSOMES
SACS THAT DIGEST FOOD AND DESTROY INVADING ORGANISMS
EUKARYOTIC CELLS-ENDOMEMBRANE SYSTEM

VACUOLES
LARGER THAN VESICLES

MEMBRANEOUS SACS THAT HELP IN DIGESTION, STORAGE OR WATER REMOVAL
EUKARYOTIC CELLS

CHLORPLASTS
FOUNDS IN PLANTS

CONVERT LIGHT TO ENERGY (PHOTOSYNTHESIS) AND SUGAR
EUKARYOTIC CELLS

MITOCHONDRIA
POWERHOUSE OF CELL

FOUND IN PLANTS AND ANIMALS

ENERGY IN FOODS IS CONVERTED TO USABLE SOURCE OF ENERGY
EUKARYOTIC CELLS

CYTOSKELETON

3 TYPES?
FIBERS THAT RUN TRHOUGH CELL PROVIDING SUPPORT, MOVEMENT AND ANCHORAGE

- MICROFILAMENTS
- INTERMEDIATE FILAMENTS
- MICROTUBULES
EUKARYOTIC CELLS

CILIA

FLAGELLA
CILIA ARE SHORT AND NUMEROUS

FLAGELLA ARE LONG AND FEW

CONTROL MOVEMENT
EUKARYOTIC CELLS

PLANT CELLS
RIGID WALLS
EUKARYOTIC CELLS

ANIMAL CELLS
LACK RIGID WALLS