Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/18

Click to flip

18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAIN________
CARBON
HYDROCARBONS
MOLECULES OF CARBON + HYDROGEN
CARBON SKELETON
CHAIN OF CARBON ATOMS IN AN ORGANIC MOLECULE
FUNCTIONAL GROUPS
PARTS OF A MOLECULE THAT PARTICPATE IN A CHEMICAL REACTION
3 FUNCTIONAL GROUPS
HYDROXYL GROUPS

CARBOXYL GROUPS

AMINO GROUPS
1. MOLECULUES CAN BE JOINED = ________

2. MOLECULES CAN BE BROKEN DOWN = _______
1. DEYDRATION SYNTHESIS (LOSE WATER)

2. HYDROLYSIS (ADD WATER)
MACROMOLECULES

WHAT ARE THEY AND WHAT ARE THEY COMPOSED OF?
VERY LARGE MOLECULES (LIPIDS)

COMPOSED OF POLYMERS MONOMERS
CARBOHYDRATES

WHAT ARE THEY?

WHY ARE THEY IMPORTANT?
2 MONOSACCHARADIES (1 SUGAR - GLUCOSE) ARE JOINED TO FORM DISACHHARIDES (2 SUGAR - MALTOSE) WHICH CAN BE JOINED TO OTHER SUGARS TO FORM POLYSACHHARIDES (STARCH)

SOURCES OF ENERGY / BUILD STRUCTURES IN PLANTS
LIPIDS

FAT = ______ + _______
NON POLAR, HYDRO CARBONS THAT ARE COMPOSED OF FAT MOLECULES

FAT = GLYCEROL + FATTY ACID
PROTEINS ARE COMPOSED OF...
AMINO ACIDS
4 LEVELS OF PROTEIN STRUCTURE
PRIMARY
SECONDARY
TERTIARY
QUATERNARY
PRIMARY STRUCTURE
SEQUENCE OF AMINO ACIDS
SECONDARY STRUCTURE
COILING TO FORM AL ALPHA HELIX OR FOLDING TO FORM A PLEATED SHEET
TERTIARY STRUCTURE
OVERALL 3D SHAPE
QUATERNARY STRUCTURE
MANY PROTEINS HAVE MULTIPLE PEPTIDE CHAINS OR SUBUNITS
2 TYPES OF NUCLEIC ACIDS
DEOXYRIBOSE NUCLEIC ACID (DNA)

RIBOSE NUCLEIC ACID (RNA)
DNA FORMS ----

COMPOSED OF NITROGENEOUS BASES....
...GENES...

A-adenine | T-thymine | C-cytosine | G-guanine
RNA ---- THE GENES AND HELPS MAKE ----

COMPOSED OF NITROGENOUS BASES...
READS...PROTEINS


A-adenine, T-thymine, C-cytosine, U-urascil