Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/14

Click to flip

14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Universal-
applies always, everywhere.
A posteriori-
Dependent upon or originating in sensory experience.
Necessary-
a claim that is always and everywhere true or a concept that applies and in every case.
Weltanschanung-
world-view, conceptual scheme.
Synthesis-
the bringing together or unifying into a new viewpoint or two or more divers viewpoints.
Conceptual schemes-
the integrated system of concepts and beliefs which constitute our understanding.
Empiricism-
the philosophical view that our minds are blank tablets upon which experience “writes” our ideas.
Noumena-
Kant’s terms for the ding an sich (see relating definition)
Age of Enlightenment:
A period in European history, usually identified with the late seventeenth century and the eighteenth century, in which there was a shared optimism regarding the power of reason to know all of reality and to solve all social and personal problems.
Ding an sich:
Kant’s term for the thing-in-itself or the unconceptualized source of our sensory intuitions.
A priori-
Independent of experience or, as suggested in this episode, prior to experience.
Rationalism-
The philosophical view that experience is not the sole source of our ideas but that certain ideas and principles are innate, or a priori.
Relativism-
The theory that beliefs or conceptual schemes not only vary, perhaps from culture to culture- cultural relativity—but are fundamentally rationally indeterminate or incommensurate.
Romanticism-
a viewpoint that accentuates feeling and emotion over reason.