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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The view that sufficient or persuasive evidence has been given to believe that God does not exist.
Law of inertia:
An object in motion will remain in motion unless acted upon by an external force and a body at rest will remain at rest unless acted upon by an external force.
area of study within metaphysics focused primarily upon the nature of being and existence.
Ontological argument:
An argument that appears to prove God’s existence based upon our idea of God.
Principle of sufficient:
Reason. ..see principle of universal explanation
Principle of universal explanation:
the claim that for every positive fact of existence there is some, at least one, explanation for its existence.
The belief in a God (monotheism) or many gods (polytheism) or that God is everything (pantheism).
(a systematic study of the nature and existence of God or gods.) Theology A Theologian is a person who studies theology
The view that sufficient or persuasive evidence has not been given to atheism.
St. Ansels-
ontological proof of God’s existence. God’s existence can be proven by starting with the idea of God. God is the greatest conceivable or the most perfect being is proof of God’s existence.
St. Thomas Aquinas-
cosmological proof for God’s existence. God is an uncaused cause
William Paley-
the argument from design. Proved with a watch of God’s roles as a designer of the universe.
Sigmund Freud-
man created God to soothe his fear.
Darwin’s –
theory of evolution… design and order could be accounted for naturalistically.
"God cannot be all powerful, all knowing and all good given the existence of evil." Describe the problem being raised here. How serious do you find this problem and how might it be resolved?
The problem raised here is that mankind on the most part have compared what God does as good and all powerful. With the existence of evil it brings up that question if have can a supposedly all powerful and good being let evil exist. I don’t see this as very serious because without good no evil would exist and without evil no good would exist. The two are dependent upon one another. There is know resolution for this. The battle if you want to call it that will exist throughout eternity.
Whose views do you find more plausible, those of St. Anselm or St.Thomas Aquinas? Why?
I find St. Thomas Aquinas views more plausible, because they are built upon the natural existence of God coming in to being not just he or she existing. Aquinas uses a metaphysical approach to the existence of God. St. Anselm approach is God is exist. God is not a being that should be understood, but all should know that he exist.
Do you think that either the cosmological or teleological arguments prove that God exists? Why or why not?
I believe that they both prove that God exist to a certain degree. I say a certain degree because of my upbringing as a Baptist. When it comes to proving that God exist it not a 100 percent route to one way of thinking. In my upbringing God is the supreme being, he is a mystical being. God falls in that supernatural thought process and to some he is as real as any material existence in the world that we all know. The visions a believer of God sees and feels are in their soul and in some accounts it can be felt to bring one to an emotional state of belief, The end results urging them to strive to not to please themselves (the evil), but to please God (good).