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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The freedom of being able to decide for oneself by using one’s own rationality.
Good death, in ancient Greek. Today, it has come to be associated with mercy killing.
Not knowing. Ignorance and stupidity are not treated here as synonyms.
Concerning the ultimate nature of reality.
a modern variation on two Greek words, philein, to love, and Sophia, wisdom. Hence, philosophy has the traditional definition of being a love of wisdom.
the bringing together of conflicting views, claims, and the like to create a new view from those conflicting views. The new view being the synthesis of the old.
Having more than one meaning in a particular context. The word “pen” is ambiguous in the sentence, “The farmer’s pen is empty.” Ambiguity is sometimes popularly used to mean vague, but in the study of language vagueness and ambiguity are distinct features. Some have argued that while words, phrases, and sentences can be both vague and ambiguous, concepts and propositions can only be vague and are never ambiguous.
an inflexibly held position that is not open to inquiry or questioning.
giving an account of why something taken to be true is true. While all explanations may require descriptions, not all descriptions require or even involve explanations.
Intrinsic value:
the inherent value a thing possesses independent of some external or extrinsic value it might have or bring about.
A story meant to teach a moral or give insight.
to systematically think about some problem. More specifically, the activity of justifying some position.
Briefly describe Plato's Myth/Parable of the Cave and its significance to Philosophy.
It can be described as the existence of man from his existence in the mothers womb to our existence outside of the womb. Striving to learn and survive.
What is autonomy and what value does it have for you personally - why?
Autonomy is the individual ability to think or reason for one’s self. The value is has for one personally is very important because it helps up understand who we are in relationship to others.
What is the meaning of Socrates' maxim, "The unexamined life is not worth living?" How does it relate to your understanding of philosophy's quest or activity?.
What Socrates means to not examine life is a waste of who we are as humans. If we as mankind don’t examine our lives then we would not progress as a human race. To me it relates that philosophy is the way to understanding why. Rationalizing the happenings of life whether it be internal or external.
If the pursuit of knowledge is as difficult, gradual, disorienting, and painful as Plato describes in the Myth of the Cave, why do it?
We do it in a hope to find the truth about ourselves. And finding that truth as independently as we possible can.