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84 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Digestive system organs?
– Gastrointestinal (GI) Tract
– Accessory Organs
Which digestive system organ is a tube portion from the mouth to the large intestine?
Gastrointestinal (GI) Tract
Which digestive system organ aid digestion, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas?
Accessory Organs
Digestive system functions?
– Ingestion
– Secretion
– Propulsion
– Digestion
– Absorption
– Defecation
Which digestive system function is eating?
Ingestion
Which digestive system function is release of substances?
Secretion
Which digestive system function is movement?
Propulsion
Which digestive system function is chemical and mechanical breakdown?
Digestion
Which digestive system function is where products move into blood or lymph?
Absorption
Which digestive system function is removal?
Defecation
4 layers of the GI tract?
– Mucosa (innermost)
– Submucosa
– Muscularis
– Serosa (outermost)
What GI tract layer is the innermost?
Mucosa
What GI tract layer is the outer most?
Serosa
Largest serous membrane?
Peritoneum
With teeth, there are 2 sets?
– Primary
– Permanent
With teeth, which set has 20?
Primary
With teeth, which set has 32?
Permanent
What are the types of digestion in the mouth?
– Mechanical Digestion
– Chemical Digestion
Which digestion in the mouth is muscular contraction?
Mechanical Digestion
Which digestion in the mouth is enzymes?
Chemical Digestion
2 types of chemical digestion?
– Salivar Amylase
– Lingual Lipase
Which chemical digestion begins carbohydrate breakdown?
Salivar Amylase
Which chemical digestion begins lipid breakdown?
Lingual Lipase
3 stages of deglutition?
– Voluntary Stage
– Pharyngeal Stage
– Esophageal
Which stage of the deglutition is where bolus moves into oropharynx?
Voluntary Stage
Which stage of the deglutition is where bolus moves into the esophagus?
Pharyngeal Stage
Which stage of the deglutition is where bolus moves into stomach by peristalsis?
Esophageal Stage
With deglutition, what controls the entry into the stomach?
Lower Esophageal Sphincter
When the lower esophageal sphincter fails to close it is called?
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Mixing and holding chamber?
Stomach
4 regions of the stomach?
– Cardia
– Fudus
– Body
– Pylorus
All 4 regions of the stomach emptying into the?
Duodenum
These are folds in the stomach?
Rugae
The 3 muscularis layers has _____ movements that form liquid _____?
– Mixing
–Chyme
With stomach glands and cell types, what 3 cell types produce gastric juices?
– Mucus
– Parietal
– Chief
With stomach glands and cell types, what begins protein breakdown?
Pepsin
Accessory digestive organ posterior to stomach?
Pancreas
The pancreas is both a _____ & _____ gland?
– Endocrine
– Exocrine
The pancreas secretes _____ digestive enzymes into _____, via the pancreatic _____?
– Inactive
– Duodenum
– Duct
The liver and gallbladder are _____ organs?
Accessory
2nd largest organ?
Liver
Where is the liver located?
Upper Right Quadrant
With the liver, _____ produce bile?
Hepatocytes
The gallbladder _____ & _____ bile into the duodenum?
– Stores
– Releases
Liver functions?
– Carbohydrate Metabolism
– Lipid Metabolism
– Protein Metabolism
– Detoxifies Harmful Substances
– Activates Vitamin D
– Produces Bile
Which liver function forms and breaks down glycogen?
Carbohydrate Metabolism
Which liver function emulsifies fat?
Production of Bile
The length of the small intestine in a living person?
10 Feet Long
3 regions of the small intestine?
– Duodenum (proximal)
– Jejunum (intermediate)
– Ileum (distal)
Small intestine function?
Site of the Most Digestion and Absorption
With the small intestine, circular folds increase _____ _____ enhancing absorption?
– Surface Area
The small intestine, mechanical digestion is a?
Segmentation
With the small intestine, this is the surface of absorption cells?
Microvilli
With the small intestine, this is finger-like projections that contain blood and lyphatic (laeteals) capillaries?
Villi
Mucosa epithelium cells are what type of cells?
Villi
With the small intestine, the villi and microvilli both increases surface area enhancing _____?
Absorption
Mucosa epithelium cells have 2 types?
– Absorptive
– Goblet
Which type of mucosa epithelium cell are the main cells and absorb materials?
Absorptive
Which type of mucosa epithelial cells secrete mucus?
Goblet
With absorption in the small intestine, _____ digested carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins _____ the small intestine?
– Partially
– Enter
With absorption in the small intestine, intestinal juice _____ digestion?
Completes
___% of nutrient absorption occurs small intestine?
90%
With chemical digestion of carbohydrates and lipids, _____ begin digestion in the _____?
– Both
– Mouth
With chemical digestion of carbohydrates and lipids what acts on starches?
Salivary Amylase
With chemical digestion of carbohydrates and lipids what are the disaccharides?
– Maltase
– Lactase
– Sucrase
Maltase?
Maltose to Glucose & Glucose
Lactase?
Lactose to Glucose & Galactose
Sucrase?
Sucrose to Sucrose to Glucose & Fructose
With chemical digestion of carbohydrates and lipids, what acts on lipids?
Lingual Lipase
Chemical digestion of proteins, digestion begins in the _____?
Stomach
With chemical digestion of proteins, what are the 2 types of enzymes?
– Stomach Enzymes
– Pancreatic Enzymes
With chemical digestion of proteins, what type of enzyme is pepsin?
Stomach Enzymes
With chemical digestion of proteins, what type of enzyme is trypsin, chymotrypsin, and carboxypeptidase?
Pancreatic Enzymes
With absorption in the small intestine, all nutrients are absorbed by _____., _____ diffusion, or _____ transport?
– Diffusion
– Facilitated
– Active
With absorption in the small intestine, carbohydrates turn into _____, and move into _____then to _____?
– Monosaccharides
– Blood
– Liver
With absorption in the small intestine, proteins turn into _____ acids and move into _____ then to _____?
– Amino
– Blood
– Liver
With absorption in the small intestine, lipids have 2 chains?
– Short Chain
– Long Chain
With absorption in the small intestine, what chain is where fatty acids move into blood?
Short Chain
With absorption in the small intestine, what chain is where fatty acids moves into lacteals (lymphatic vessels) as chylomicrons?
Long Chain
With absorption in the small intestine, the long chain is where fatty acids moves into lacteals (lymphatic vessels) as?
Chylomicrons
The large intestine has 4 regions?
– Cecum Colon
– Sigmoid
– Rectum
– Anal Canal
The presence of food in stomach triggers bowel movement is called?
Mass Peristalsis
With control and phases of digestion, what systems control digestion?
– Nervous
– Endocrine
What are the 3 phases of digestion?
– Cephalic
– Gastric
– Intestinal