Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Qualifications for a Representative in the House
Must be 25 years of age, be a seven year citizen of the U.S., and live in the state in which he is elected
Qualifications for a member of the Senate
Must be 30 years of age, be a nine year citizen of the U.S., and live in the state in which he is elected
What is constituenct?
the body of citizens eligible to vote in their state or district
What is a pork barrel project?
a term referring to legislation the funds a special project for a particular locale such as a new highway or hospital
What is a service strategy?
use of personal staff by members of Congress to perform services for constituents in order to gain their support
Why do incumbents have an advantage?
They obtain a fund-raising advantage from their past campaigns and constituent service, which enables them ro create mailing lists of potential contributos.
What is PACs?
It is the abbreviation for "political action committees" which are the fund-raising arms of interest groups
What is redistricting?
the process of altering election districts in order the make the population of each as equal as possible
What is gerrymandering?
the process by which one party draws district bounderies to its advantage
How do redistricting and gerrymandering effect elections?
Redistricting allows the population to be equal and each vote to count the same. Gerrymandering allows one party to have an advantage over another and could make and election bias.
What are the leadership positions in the House?
Speaker, majority leader, majority whip, minority leader, and minority whip
Who is the most powerful member of the House?
The Speaker. He is usually the Vice President of the U.S.
What is the House Rules Committee?
It is the committee that controls the scheduling of bills for debate. It is headed by the majority-party members who are chosen by the Speaker.
What are the leadership positions of the Senate?
majority leader, majority whip, minority leader, and minority whip.
Who is the most powerful member of the Senate?
The majority leader. He heads the majority-party caucus. He is much like the Speaker of the House but not as powerful.
What is seniority?
Seniority is a member of Congress's consecutive years of service on a particular committe.
Why is seniority so important?
It reduces the number of bitter power struggles, it provides experienced and knowledgeable committee leadership, and it enables members to look forward to the reward of a position as chair after years of service on a committee.
When and why was the seniority system changed?
It was changed in the 1970s because there were abuses by some committee chairs.
What is a Standing Committee?
A permanent congressional committee with responsibility for a particular area of public policy.
What is jurisdiction?
the policy area in which it is authorized to act
What do we call the final drafting of a bill?
a "mark-up"
What is a cloture?
a parliamentary maneuver which, if a three-fifths majority votes for it, limits the Senate debate to thirty hours and has the effect of defeating a filibuster
What is a filibuster?
a procedural tactic whereby a minority of senators prevent a bill from coming to a vote by holding the floor and talking until the majority gives in and the bill is withdrawn
How does a bill get through the process on the floor of the House and Senate?
The bill is introduced, given to committees and subcommittees where bill can either be revised and recommended or tabled, the bill is debated on, ammendments are proposed, and the bill is voted on by full membership, the bill is sent to either the chamber or a conference committee, president signs or vetos bill
Closed Rule v. Open Rule
Closed Rule - no ammendments will be permitted

Open Rule - members can propose ammendments relevent to any of the bill's sections
What is a conference committee?
a temporary committee that is formed to bargain over the differences in the House and Senate versions of a bill
What is a veto?
when the president refuses to sign a bill keeping it from becoming a law
What is a pocket veto?
if the president fails to sign a bill within ten days and Congress has adjourned for the term, the bill does not become law
What is a rider?
an ammendment to a bill that deals with an issue unrelated to the content on the bill
How many members are there in the House?
435 members
How many members are there in the Senate?
100 members -2 for each state
What vote is required in Congress on everyday actions or decisions?
majority vote
What is executive privilege?
the right to withhold confidential information affecting national security
What is a sunset law?
a law containing a provision that fixes a date on which a program will end unless the program's life is extended by Congress