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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the 7 ethical principles?
Autonomy, Beneficence, Non-Maleficence, Justice, Accountability, Fidelity, Veracity, (and Community)
What is Autonomy?
making own decisions; patient makes decision for themself
What is Beneficence?
doing good
What is Paternalism?
A subcatagory of Beneficence; taking over the decision making for the patient's own good
ex) not tellinig a patient that they have cancer right away
What is Non-Maleficence?
avoid doing harm
ex) is drug with side-effects better than the original condition
What is Justice?
fairness; treating others equally
ex) buy expensive drugs for a few or cheap drugs for many
What is Accountability?
duty; admitting mistakes; responsibility (not by law)
ex) if make a mistake, apologize
What is Fidelity?
loyalty; making promises to others
What is Veracity?
honesty; truthfulness
ex) partial truth
What is Community?
as a whole; public health concerns
What is Justice?
fairness; treating others equally
ex) buy expensive drugs for a few or cheap drugs for many
What is Futlity?
effort with no result
ex) treat a dying patient
What is Patient Confidentiality?
legal and ethical to keep patient's medical info private
What are norms?
regular ways of doing things that everyone agrees on; we look at something based on the norm; relativism
What is Social Relativism?
explains rightness on the basis of whether the act fits with social customs/society
ex)lying is ok if it does good
What is Personal Relativism?
personal preference; fits on rightness of individual
ex) I want to hear the truth so don't lie
What is Universalism/Absolutism?
moral choices are independent of social or personal views; opposite of relativism
What is Theological Universalism?
based on God's rules
ex) God says we shouldn't lie
What is Empirical Universalism?
based on facts and logic; science based
ex) if you lie once, you are more likely to do it again and again
What is the Teleology Model?
consequentialism; good outcome equals good action
What is the Deontology Model?
formalism; non-consequentialism; rule-based; consequences don't matter
What is Utilitarianism?
subcatagory of teleology; consequence is good for majority; takes everyone's considerations into account
ex) legislators
What is the 9 point decision making model in order?
recognize there is an issue; identify the actors; gather the facts; test for wrong doing; determine right vs right paradigm; determine applicable resolution principles; is there a 3rd way out; decide what to do; survellance of the decision later
Recognize there is an issue
step 1; what is the ethical problem; be specific
Identify the actors
step 2; what is going on and who is involved
Gather the facts
step 3; list all facts (ones you know, don't know, want to know)
Test for wrong doing
step 4; intentional harm
Determine right vs right paradigm
step 5; it is right to ____ but it is also right to ____
Determine applicable resolution principles
step 6; list from class of 7 ehtical principles
Is there a 3rd way out
step 7; has to eliminate everything; probably not a way
Decide what to do
step 8; what would I do; what did they do
Surveillance of the decision later
step 9; look back and would I do the same thing again; how would I check on/moniter situation after time has passed
What is informed consent?
grant or give patient autonomy