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15 Cards in this Set

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Acidosis
– a pH below 7.35 occurs with an accumulation of H+ loss of bases like bicarb (diabetes, diarrhea) (p 11)
Alkadosis
– a pH higher than 7.45 occurs when bases accumulate (p 11)
Dehydration
– loss of water from the cells of the body (without significant loss of electrolytes) and it is not adequately replaced. (p 6)
Diffusion
– solutes move from an area of higher solute concentration of an area of lower solute concentration until equilibrium is established. (p 3)
Edema

·
– excess fluid in the interstitial spaces
·
·
(FF), push
– IV 24 hr plan for injesting fluids – half of total volume is given during day shift, other half is divided between evening and night shifts; most of that injested during evening shift (p 7)
Force fluids
– this is defined as increasing fluids (usually prescribed by a provider) for a client with actual or potential fluid volume deficits. (p 7)
Electrolyte
– substances that when placed in solvent (water) will break up into separately charged ions. (p 2)
Pitting edema
– edema that leaves a small depression or pit after finger pressure is applied (p 3)
Peripheral edema
– tissues of extremeties · Dependent edema – common in places below heart
Pulmonary edema
– lung tissues
Hematocrit (Hct.)
– the proportion of red blood cells (erythrocytes) to the total blood volume (Koziers 1455) 30 – 50% (p 8)
Milliequivalent
– one-thousandth of an equivalent, which is the chemical combining power of a substance (Koziers p 1459)
Osmosis
– the solvent (water) passes from an area of lesser solute concentration to an area of greater solute concentration until equilibrium is established. (p 3)
pH
– reflects the H+ concentration of the solution or is also the degree to which a solution is acidic or basic. Normal pH of arterial blood is 7.35 – 7.45 (p 11)