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229 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
topic marker
-은/는
subject marker
-이/가
this
이-
that
그-
that over there
저-
what
무엇
where
어디
location/time marker (in, at, on)
-에
above
back, behind
in front
beside
under
아래
inside

subject marker
-이/가
location/time marker (in, at, on)
-에
above
topic marker for a place
-에는
and
와/과/하고
also
-도
plural marker
-들
possessive marker
-의
I (humble)
저는/제가
I (plain)
나는/내가
my (humble)
저의
my (plain)

나의
we (humble)
저희(들)
we (plain)
우리(들)
our (humble)
저희의
our (plain)
우리의
ours (humble)
저희의것
ours (plain)
우리의것
you (singular, honorific)
선생님
you (singular, plain)
너는
네가
your (singular, honorific)
선생님의
your (singular, plain)

너의
yours (singular, honorific)
선생님의것
yours (singular, plain)
네것
너의것
you (plural, honorific)
선생님들
you (plural, plain)
너희(들)
your (plural, honorific)
선생님들의
your (plural, plain)
너희의
yours (plural, honorific)
선생님들의것
yours (plural, plain)
너희의것
he/she (honorific)
이분
그분
저분
he/she (plain)
이사람
그사람
저사람
his/her (honorific)
이분의
그분의
저분의
his/her (plain)
이사람의
그사람의
저사람의
his/hers (honorific)
이분의것
그분의것
저분의것
his/hers (plain)
이사람의것
그사람의것
저사람의것
they (honorific)
이분들
그분들
저분들
they (plain)
이사람들
그사람들
저사람들
their (honorific)
이분들의
그분들의
저분들의
their (plain)
이사람들의
그사람들의
저사람들의
theirs (honorific)
이분들의것
그분들의것
저분들의것
theirs (plain)
이사람들의것
그사람들의것
저사람들의것
he (in songs)
she (in songs)
그녀
they (in songs)
그들
want to <Verb>
V 십어요
why
together
같이
함께
all
following
따라
again
다시
loudly
크게
quickly, fast, soon
빨리
these days
요즈음/요즘
how
어떻게
well
well, then
그럼
honorific marker
-(으)시
polite formal statement ending
-ㅂ니다
-습니다
polite formal question ending
-ㅂ니까
-습니까
polite formal request ending
-(으)십시오
subject marker
-이/가
location/time marker - (in, at, on)
-에
location topic marker
-에는
but, however
그러나
그치말
a little, some, please
direct object marker
-을/를
location marker for action verbs
-에서
who
누구
whose
노고의
whose item
누구의것
how many
all
모든
unit for books
unit - hour, o'clock
unit - age, years
unit for material
unit for animals
마리
now
지금
before (prior to)
exact time
정각
unit for paper
from
부터
up to, until, to
까지
because, and then
...어/아서
and as for...?
what about...?
...은/는요?
exact time
정각
Although, though, but...
V + 지만 ...
in order to...
V + (으)러
already
벌써
first, ahead
먼저
different (adj)
다른
very (much) - a lot
너무
will/shall...
Do you want...?
I want...
V + 을/를 래(요)
Verbal modifiers: action verbs
present tense: -는
past tense: -ㄴ/은
Verbal modifiers: descriptive verbs
-ㄴ/은
plain/writing sentence ending
descriptive verbs: -다
action verbs: -ㄴ/는다
past tense: 었다/았다/ㅆ다
after
after doing <V>
-후
V + ㄴ/은 후에
for, during
동안
because
V + 기 때문에
straight ahead, straight
똑바로
left side, leftward
왼쪽
right side, right direction
오른쪽/바른쪽
immediately, right away
will do if
-(으)면 되다
east, eastern, eastward
동쪽
west, western, westward
서쪽
south, southern, southward
남쪽
north, northern, northward
북쪽
northeast
동북
northwest
서북
southeast
동남
southwest
서남
east
west
south
north
this way, this side
이쪽
that way, that side
그쪽
over that way, over that side
저쪽
to decide to, to plan to
V + 기로 하다
They say that...
It is said that...
-(이)라고 하다 = only for 이다 in present tense
-다고 하다 = for everything else
It is because...
V + 기 때문이다
It is because of (something)
N + 때문이다
(reason ) because (result)
V + 기 때문에
(reason) because of (something) (result)
N + 때문에
to try to
to have an experience of
-어/아 보다
to, through, toward
-으로
only, just
-만
if, when
-(으)면
near
근처
How much is it?
얼마에요?
Go away!
저리 가!
maybe
아마
more
so-so
별로
between, in the middle, among
중에
every, each
-마다
very
-아주
the first, the most
제일
for sure
alone
혼자
early
일찍
late
늣게
for a long time, in a long time
오랫만
Long time no see!
오랜만이에요!
오랜만이야!
congratulations
축하해요
happy birthday
생일(을) 축하해요
hard, diligently
열심히
although, even though
-인데
don't...
-지마
Don't do it/that!
하지마!
...by someone (someone does something to you)
-한테
My teacher will kill me. (I died by my teacher)
선생님한테 죽었다
electric
전기
really
정말
public
공중
in secret, secretly
몰래
first
첫-
first sight
첫눈
He's bragging (He's pretending to be a king)
잘난체를 하내요
so
그래서
just because
그냥(요)
anyway(s)
grammatical: 아뭏튼
colloquial: 아무튼
time (ex: one time) (like the french: "fois")
-번
one time
한번
verbal modifier for 이다
present tense: 이+ㄴ = 인
past tense: 이었+던 = 이었던
verbal modifier for 있다
present tense: 있+는 = 있는
past tense: 있었+던 = 있었던
sentence ending - confirming statement, tentative statement, casual question, propositive statement "Let's...", request "Wouldn't you...?"
-지요
tentative statement ending
-겠지요
both...and
neither...nor
as well as
-도...도
(N+도...N+도)
Neither spring nor summer is cold.
봄도 여름도 춥지 않다.
And (then)...
그리고
negative verb base
-지
-지 않다
-지 못 하다
It is not cold.
춥지 않아요.
continental
대륙성
on the other hand, on the contrary
반대로
depending on, according to
-에따라
and, while, at the same time, as
-(으)며
exactly
how much, how long
얼마
it turns out that, is supposed to
-기로 되다
all, total
전부
about, approximately

-쯤
pure- (prefix)
순-
or, in addition, either...or
또는
verbal modifier: future tense
-ㄹ/을
consequence connective: but, however, for, and, so, while, since, when, as
-ㄴ/은데
는데
to the extent of, to what extent
-(이)나
question ending "I wonder if..."
-나요
It's hot, isn't it?
덥지요?
Of course!
물롱이지(요)!
It's great
좋지(요)!
Let's go
가시지요
you (colloquial)
neither...nor
V + 지도...V + 지도 ...않다
most
제일
Have a nice day.
좋은 하루 되세요.
"nothing" - I didn't do anything.
아무 것도 안 했어요
any
아무
should
아/어 야 되다/하다
You do too much.
너무 해요
like this
이런
like that
그런
like that over there
저런
when I met
만났을 때
a little bit
조금
and
그리고
me too
저도요
나도
I think that...
...라/다고 생각하다
more than
보다 더
more than me
저보다 더
therefore
그래서
Help me!
도와 주세요!
도와 줘!
usually
보통