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60 Cards in this Set

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+ 아요
+ 어요
+ 해요
present tense informal
VST+ㄹ/을래요
VST+ㄹ/을까요
같이+V
Shall we...
(같이+verb conjugated in present tense; can be answer or question i.e. together + verb)
Answer can be 그래요=okay
VST+가 싶어요
I want to/do you want to? if posed as question
VST+으세요 (ends in cons.)
VST+세요 (ends in vowel)
Requests (i.e. do this...)
Name+이에요
Name+예요
I am/are you? if posed as question
VST+야 해요
Should/have to; 야 merely replaces 요 in the present tense conjugation of the verb.
VST+았어요
VST+었어요
VST+했어요
Past tense...same conjugation method as present tense but add on ㅆ어요. As before, drop the 아 if the verb ends in ㅏ and place the ㅆunder the VST.
VST고 VST아/어/해요
listing verbs
VST+PT conj.+서요
Causative statement
VST+서...VST+conj.
Listing verbs..서 is used in place of 고 when the second action is related to the first.
VST+으면
VST+면
If...ex. 돈 없으면, 뭐 해요? (If you don't have money, what do you do?)
VST+ㅂ니다
VST+습니다
formal present tense statement
VST+ㅂ니까?
VST+습니까?
formal present tense question
VST+ㅆ습니다/까
VST+았습니다/까
VST+었습니다/까
VST+했습니다/까
formal past tense statement/question
VST+으면/면
if ... is done
ex. 돈 없으면 뭐하고 싶어요? (if you dont have money what do you want to do)
__고 있어요
Currently doing
ex. 가고 있어요
__을/ㄹ 거에요
Probable future
ex. 갈 거에요
PT(-어요)을거에요
Probable past
ex. 갔을 거에요
__겠어/아요
Intentional future
ex. 가겠아요
__(-요) 봤어요
have you ever...
__ㅂ/읍시다
let's do.
아니에요
specifically not something
DVST+해요/아요/어요
how to conjugate descriptive verbs
춥==>추우==>추워요
맵==>매우==>매워요
if ㅂ is the final bottom consonant is is eliminated and 우 is added.
바쁘==>바빠요
나쁘==>나빠요
when ㅡ is the ending letter is is eliminated and either ㅏ/ㅓis added according to the previous vowel.
재미 있는
힘들은
아픈
는 follows 있/없, 은 follows DVST with final bottom consonant, ㄴis added to DVST with no final bottom consonant.
VST+:

기가
는 갓은
는 가 (spoken form)
used when describing a verb. i.e. 살기가 힘들어요.
VST+ㄹ/을때...
when/while/whilst do ing something.
i.e. 공부할때 잤어요.
VST+지요
tag question i.e. isn't it?/huh?/hey?
VST+기가 어때요?
How do you find doing __?
B에게/한테 __(을/를) 줬어요.
A gave __ to B.
B께 __(을/를) 드렸어요.
A gave __ to B. (resp.)
B에게/한테(서) __(을/를) 받았어요.
A received something from B.
VST+고 있어요
VST+고 있었어요
present progressive
past progressive
...be doing verb form.
VST+고 싶어하다
to want to, be eager to...for third persons
VST+고 V2+past tense marker
Verb listing in past tense. Tense of last verb applies to those that precede it.
VST+ㄹ/을 거예요
future tense-will
VST+(으)려면
if you want to
VST+(으)러
in order to...(use with 가, 어, 다니)
VST+(으)려고
in order to...use will all other verbs
DVST+게
equivalent of adverb
DVST+ㄴ/은데
AVST+는데
DVST/AVST+past tense marker+는데
introductory marker present and past tense
VST+기 전에
before verb
VST+ㄴ/은 후에
after verb
VST+(ㄹ/을) 줄 알다?
Do you know how to VST?
제일/가장 좋아하는 noun...
Most favorite noun structure
VST2기도 하고 VST2기도 하다.
combining verbs?
VST+ㄹ/을 주 있다
can verb
VST+ㄴ/은 다음에
after doing VST
VST+ㄴ/은 지 얼마나 됐어요?
how long have you done VST?
이었어요/였어요
PT of 이에요/예요
VST1+는 +사람 이애요
present tense combo...is the person who VSTs.
VST1+ㄴ/은 +사람 이애요/이었어요
past tense combo...is/was the person who did VST.
VST1+ㄹ/을 +사람 이애요
future tense combo...is the person who will VST.
AVST-요+본일이 있/없어요?
AVST-요+본적이 있/없어요?
ever/never form...like봤어요 but can answer with 메 있어요/아니오 없어요.
AVST-요+간일이 있/없어요?
AVST-요+간적이 있/없어요?
ever never form...like봤어요 but can answer with 메 있어요/아니오 없어요.
A이/가/을/를 B보 더 VST
A is more VST than B
AVST+은/ㄴ 것 같다
AVST+는 갓 같가
AVST+ㄹ/을 것 같다
It seems as if/that...past, present, and future
DVST+은/ㄴ 것 같다
DVST+(있/없) 는 것 같다
DVST+ㄹ/을 것 같다
It seems as if/that...past, present, and future
VST+려고
in order to form