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55 Cards in this Set

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Protists are all...?
eukaryotic
protists are group by the way they...?
obtain energy
3 general categories
protozoan (animal), Algae(plant), Slime/Water molds(fungus)
Move by "false feet"
Phylum Sarcodina (pseudopods)
some cause dysentary
Sarcodina, Amoebic dysentary
move by flagella
Zooflagellata
mutual relationship, Zooflagellata
Trichonympha and termites
causes std's, venereal disease
trichomonas
found in fresh water
giardia
move by cilia
phylum ciliophora
ex:paramecium
weird vacuole-collects and removes excess water
contractile vacuole
nuclei that controls respirations, digestion, and protein synthesis
macronucleus
nuclei that controls reproduction
micronucleus
trichocysts
defense mechanism
thick outer membrane
pellicle
gullet
food entrance
phylum ciliophora reproduce by...?
binary fission
organisms in this phylum do not move
phylum sporozoa
because sporozoa cannot move they are all...?
parasites
this sporozoa causes malaria
plasmodium-in saliva glands of anophiles mosquito
Plant-like protists are all...?
autotrophs/photosynthetic
plant like protists are classified by...?
color, photosynthetic pigments, wether they are unicellular or multicellular
"crystal" algae
Phylum Chrysophyta- unicellular
diatoms
cell walls of silica
diatoms make up...?
phytoplankton
phytoplankton are important because?
food source, ocygen, oil deposits
also called Dinoflagellata-fire algae
Phylum Pyrrophyta
pyrrophyta have---flagella
2
gioluminescent
give off light naturally
causes red tide
Gonyaulax
Bloom
enormous growth
classified as plant and animal
Euglenophyta
used in sewage treatment plants
Euglena
classified by color
Algae
evolved into 1st land plants
Phylum Chlorophyta-green algae
pigment of Chlorophyta?
chlorophyll a and b only
alternation of generations
life cycle has both asexual and sexual reproduction
unicellular chlorophyta example
Chlamydomonas
volvox
colonial
spirogyra
multi-cellular, spiral chloroplast
Red algae
Phylum Rhodophyta
red pigment
chlorophyll and phycobillin
thickener
carrageenan
brown algae
Phylum Phaeophyta
brown pigment
chlorophyll and fucoxanthin
largest brown seaweed
kelp
makes up the sargasso sea, example of phaeophyta
sargassum (fucus)
heterotrophic, usually decomposers
fungus-like protists
acellular
no nuclei
plasmodial
like an amoeba
fruiting bodies
sporangia (when there is no food)
cellular,single celled slime molds
phylum acrasiomycota
acellular, forms a plasmodium, and fruiting bodies
phylum myxomycota
acrasiomycota join together in...?
pseudioplasmodium
motile water molds
phylum oomycota
causes mildew, ich, potato blight