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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was King Mongkut also known as?
King Rama IV
When was he born?
1804
In 1824, he was bypassed by who?
Prince Chesda
As a result, what did he do?
Entered monastery and become a monk
As a monk, what did he do?
a. Got a broad education
b. Learn languages - Pali, Sanskrit, Latin
Subjects - Mathematics, Science, Astronomy
In 1851, what did he do?
Became king of Siam,
To keep Siam's independence and sovereignty by introducing reforms
Give 2 in Economic Reforms.
1. Trade increased with Western powers
2. Duties on goods lowered
Give 1 Administrative Reform.
1. Brought experts to reorganize the government departments
Give 2 Education Reforms.
1. Encouraged English education
2. Set up school in Bangkok
Give 2 Social Reforms.
1. Internal communication improved
2. Freedom of press was allowed
What did he do to keep Siam independence?
Used friendly policy with all countries
What did he do after that?
a. co-operate with westerner
b. opened Siam doors for trade
What was signed between King Mongkut and John Bowring?
Bowring treaty
When was the Bowring treaty signed?
April, 1855
What were the terms of the treaty?
a. Trade freely in Siam
b. Bought land or rent within 6km of Bangkok
c. Have extraterritorial rights
d. Sent British envoy and reside in Bangkok
Similar treaty was signed with what countries?
a. France
b. America
c. Denmark
d. Portugal
e. Holland