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74 Cards in this Set

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When should you remove an impaled object?
You should remove object when in the check and you can see both ends of the object and you know you can remove it.
How do you manage a violent victim
walk single file, look for places for cover, keep scanning for movement, stand on side of door, never turn your back, identify exits, always follow, weapons in a neutral place
How do you gain entry in to a vehicle besides the door? How do you accomplish this
break the window that is farthest from the victim, if possible put strips of broad tape over the glass before you break the window to keep broken pieces of glass from spraying the victim
Four ways poisen enters the body
Ingestion, injection, Inhalation, and absorption
What questions should be asked to a poisenous victim
what did u have to drink, what was th substance, how was it intorduced into the body, how much was intorduced, when, dou you have the container, had vomiting been induced
What temperature do you need to bring the body to after a heat illness to be considered safe?
Temp msut drop below 101 degrees F and stay that low before the danger has passed
Why check for a pulse and capillary refill?
Check the pulse obviously to see if the person has one and the capillary refill to se if they are getting blood flow to there hands.
Call first/call fast principle
Call first is for an adult therefore call 911 and then start CPR. Calls fast is for an infant or child, give CPR first then call 911
How is a sheet used to move a victim
Fold the sheet to use as a harness lay the sheet across the victim's chest at nipple line, pull ends of sheet under victi;s arms at the armpits and behind the victim's head, twist ends together to form a triangular support for the head, grasp the loose ends and pull towards you
How do you manage downed power lines
Assume all downed power lines are live; call for expert assistance, park vehicle at a safe distance, warn bystanders to stay clear, tell victims to stay inside vehicles, never try to handle a live wire yourself
When can you stop giving CPR
The victim's heart starts beating, another trained person takes over, EMS personnel take over, you are to exhausted to continue, the scene becomes unsafe
What should you never do with a woman in labor
never ask the woman to cross her legs or ankles, never hold the woman's legs together' and never try to delay or restrain delivery in any way-can result in permanent injury or the death of the baby
How do you quickly determine the amount of surface area burned
Palmar surface method-use size of vitim's palm to estimate percentage of body surface burned, palm is equal to 1% of total body surface area
When is activated charcoal or syrup of ipecac used
They are used when poisen is ingested
Types of emotional reactions for mass casualties and disasters
Acting normal, blind panic, depression, overreacting, conversion hysteria
Normal emotional reaction treatment
they are confused have fear or anxiety nausea, vomiting shortness of breath, pounding heart, so calmly reassure, watch to see the person is gaining composure, provide meaningful activity, talk with person, don't show extreme sympathy
Blind panic reaction
It is an attempt to flee, uncontrollable hysteria, aimless running, panic is contagioous, be firm, offer a drink, show empathy, keep calm, know your limitations
Signals of someone is drowning and method of rescuing
someone is drowning if they are struggling in the water and seem in distress, when providing care you know how to swim, you have been trained in water-rescue techniques, you are not injured, you are wearing a personal flotation device, you are accompanied by other rescuers
Types of dressings
Gauze squares of various sizes, roller guze, nonstick pad dressings, adhesive strips such as band-aids and other dressings combined with a bandage, bulky dressings, also called trauma dressings, occlusive dressings
First-degree burn
Superficial, only involves the epidermis, or outer layer of skin, pain, redness.
Second-degree burn
Partial-thickness, involves epidermal and dermal layers of the skin, blistering, swelling, pain
Third-degree burn
Full-thickness, involves all layers of the skin as well as fat, muscle, and bone, dry, leathery, charred skin
What is CHART
chief complaint, history, assesement, treatment, transport and disposition
Types of head injuries and categories of responsiveness
Injury to the scalp, injury to the brain, depression, linear, comminuted, basilar
The difference between a black widow and a brown reclusive spider
The black widow has the red hour glass on its underbody
Pulse and respiration rate
adults 12-20rpm, children 15-30, infants 25-50, the heart rates is adults 60-100, children 60-150, infants 120-150
what type of diabetes is insulin-dependant , where you are required insulin injections daily
type 1
what type of diabetes is when the victim produces insulin but either not enough insulin or the cells do not respond to it, controlled by diet exercise, and oral medication`
type 2
what maneuver must you use if the head tilt or chin lift position is unsuccessful or if you suspect spine injury
jaw thrust maneuver
what is the ratio of compression to rescue breaths for adult CPR
30:2
what is the ratio for compression to rescue breaths for a two man adult CPR
30:2
what is the ratio for an infant or a child CPR
30:2
the ratio for an infant or a child for a two person CPR
15:2
What is the depth of compressions for an adult, child, and infant
1 1/2-2inches, 1-1 1/2 inches, 1/2-1inch
what are the three C's to establishing rapport
competence, confidence, compassion
radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, and respiration are all ways for what
how the body loses heat
what is the longest stage or delivery
delivery, or the crowning
what are common injuries to the musculoskeletal system
injuries to muscles, bones, and ligaments
Three types of seizures
febrile seizure(caused by a high fever in children over 102), absence seizure(a blank stare that lasts only a few seconds, do not involve convulsions), and status epilepticus( severe, prolonged or series, if last longer that 5 min call 911)
What are these risk factors for:male over 40 unmarried, alcoholic or drug abuser, depression, previous attempts, a plan, gathering articles used to commit suicide, recent diagnosis of debilitating disease, recent loss of loved one, loss of control of life
Suicide
What is RICE
rest, ice, compression, elevation
The difference between a Colles's and a Smith's fracture
Colle's falls on palm of hand, wrist extended, and Smith's falls on back of hand, wrist flexed
Fracture
fracture your bones
Sprains
ligament
Strains
muscle
Care for chemical burns
brush dry powder off the skin and flush area vigorously in a steady stream of water for 30 min, while flushing remove victim's clothing, shoes, stockings, jewelry
What is the direction or location of something that is above, or higher than a point of reference
Superior
below, or lower than a point of reference
Inferior
toward the front
Anterior
toward the back
Posterior
toward the midline or center of the body
Medial
away from the midline
Lateral
near the point you are referring to
Proximal
near the surface
Superficial
remote from the surface
deep
What is a angina pectoris
a stroke
What is a term for shortness of breath
Dyspnea
What is an abrasion
it is a superficial wound- rubbing, scraping or shearing, threat is from infection
What is an avulsion
A flap of skin, either remained hanging or be torn off altogether
Two types of asthma
acute asthma and status asthmaticus
what consists of a sharp, cramping pain i the ack and side in the area of the kidney or in the lower abdomen
Kidney Stones
Flail Chest
Instability of a section of chest wall
What is a collapse and progressive failure of cardiovascular system
Shock
Anaphylactic Shock
life-threatening reaction to a substance
Emphysema (pink puffers)
Changes in alveoli function, evidence of weight loss, history of increasing dyspnea on exertion, prolonged and difficult exhalation
Chronic Bronchitis (Blue Bloaters)
Inflammation, edema, mucus in bronchial tree, thick mucus with coughing
inflammation of the epiglottis, characterized by fever and a severe sore throat and difficulty in swallowing
Epiglottitis
An acute viral infection of the brochioles seen mostly in infants and young children, caused most frequently by the repiratory syncytial virus
Bronchiolitis
Blueness or lividness of the skin, as from imperfectly oxygenated blood
cyanosis
injury to certain organs, especially the ear due to a change in the atmospheric pressure
barotraumas
obstruction of the circulatory system caused by an air bubble, accidentally during surgery or hypodermic injection or as a complication from scuba diving
air embolism
someone who has uncontrollable bleeding
hemophiliac
the process of sorting victims, as of a battle or disaster, to determine medical priority in order to increase the number of survivors
triage
a brief vascular spasm in whih a partially blocked artery impedes blood flow to the brain, resulting in symptoms such as impaired vision, dizziness, numbness, or unconsciousness
transient ischemic attack