Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
____ will manifest itself if there is nothing simpler to keep it distracted
Self 1 (the Analyzer)
Occupying Self __ allows Self__ to drive performance
Self 1

Self 2 drives performance
Stress may be attributed to excessive ____
left hemisphere dominance-stress mgmt
__ and ___ developed theories about attention
Posner and Boies
Selective attention is assesd by ____
Test of Attentional and Interpersonal Style (TAIS)
TAIS was developed by ____
TAIS consists of __ subscales
Six devoted to ____, Eleven measure _____

attentional style

behavioral or interpersonal style
TAIS based on 2 theoretical assumptions:
-Attention involves the 2 ___ (___ and ___)
-Athletes tend to use their strongest or most preferred attentional style (have attentional limitations)
dimensions (width and direction)
Broad-External (BET)
-Optimal for ____
-Associated with ____
reading a changing environment

great anticipation
Broad-Internal (BIT)
Optimal for ____
analyzing sport and developing/
using strategies
Narrow-External (NAR-E)
Optimal when?
just prior to a response
Narrow-Internal (NAR-I)
Optimal for ____ and mental rehearsal of same
completion of individual skills and technique
Your ___ score is highest if you are perceptive, notice a lot in your environment-good at reading situations in front of you
BET score
Your ___ score is highest if you're described as analytical, good at problem solving etc.-skilled at taking broad external information
and developing successful strategies
BIT score
Your ___ score is highest if you're focused, disciplined and very capable of “parking” outside distractions-effective at narrowing focus of attention to priority cues only
NAR score
Nideffer suggests that, under ____, attentional areas may be compromised
High ____ score-take in too much external information -distracted by task irrelevant cues
-ability to identify and narrow focus to priority cues may be important
OET score
High ___ score-indicative of a tendency to get overly analytical under pressure
OIT score
High ____ score-tendency to narrow focus too much under pressure and miss relevant cues
RED score
Closed skill sports (golf, shooting) have a ___ focus of attention than individual sports characterized by open skills (wrestling, fencing) and team sports
Attribution Theory was proposed by ____
Cognitive-Motivational-Relational Theory was proposed by ____
Attribution Theory does what:
-emphasizes causes behind outcome
-predicts type of emotion
Cognitive-Motivational-Relational Theory does what:
-emphasizes personal signif.
-predicts emotional intensity
___ Appraisal- when you evaluate perceived success/failure
Outcome Appraisal
Emotions reflect the ____ rather than the ____ for the outcome

-Based on outcome appraisal, general(attribution-___) emotions occur

perceived cause

___ Appraisal follows outcome appraisal
Attributional Appraisal
____ is a causal search to determine why the outcome occurred
Attributional Appraisal
Attributional Appraisal results in identification of perceived causes for success/failure (perceived causes called ____)
Main attributions include:
ability, effort, task difficulty and luck
Attributional Dimensions:
locus of causality, stability, controllability
_____ is the dimension primarily responsible for pride/self-esteem
locus of causality
____ is the dimension primarily responsible for time related emotions such as hope/hopelessness
Weiner's model is different from Heiders in that the dimension of ____ is added
____ is primarily responsible for shame, guilt, anger, gratitude, and pity
Both ___ and ___result from negative outcomes blamed on the self
Shame and Guilt
____ is when Successful performers attribute their outcome more to internal, controllable factors than do unsuccessful performers (who attribute outcome to external factors)
Self-Serving Bias
____ addresses both differences between emotions and the intensity of those emotions
CMR Theory (Lazarus)
In CMR theory ___ appraisal of the personal significance of an outcome is critical to motivation and emotional experience
primary appraisal
____ appraisal involves goal-perf. discrepancy
primary appraisal
Individual and Situational differences are important in Conceptualizations of ____
____ is the tendency to become anxious in stressful situations
___ is the actual feeling of apprehension and tension at any given moment
Individuals with high ___ anxiety tend to exhibit high ___ anxiety in stressful situations

___ anxiety has a negative linear relationship with performance while ___ anxiety has an inverted U relationship with performance

____ is the theory developed to explain the interaction of cognitive and somatic anxiety and their combined relationship on athletic performance
Catastrophe Theory
According to Catastrophe Theory, Performance will not be negatively affected as long as ____ anxiety remains low
According to ___ there is Motivation related to desire to reduce or satisfy an internal drive (unsatisfied needs)
Drive Theory
According to Drive Theory Motivation to achieve success in sport is not an innate drive (e.g. hunger), but one that is _____
motiv. learned not innate
The two psychological constructs of Need Achievement Theory:
-Motive to achieve success

-Motive to avoid failure
Motive to achieve success- high ___ motivation

Motive to avoid failure- low in ___ motivation

___ motivation is a missing element in early theories of motivation
Extrinsic motivation