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4 Cards in this Set

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Kohlberg's phases of moral development?
Kholberg believed that there were three phases of moral development each consisting of two stages: Preconventional, conventional, post-conventional.
First phase Kohlberg
First stages of moral development
Proconventional Morality
Stage 1. Obedience and Punishment Orientation Individual's moral judgment is motivated by a need to avoid punishment.


Stage 2:
Instrumental-Relativist orientation/orientation towards reciprocity: Individual's moral judgment is motivated by a need to satisfy own desires.
Second Phase Kohlberg
Conventional phase
Stage 3 Good Boy/Nice Girl" Orientation: Individual's moral judgment is motivated by a need to avoid rejection, disaffection, or disapproval from others.

At stage 4,Law and Order Orientation: Individual's moral judgment is motivated by a need to not be criticized by a true authority figure.
Kohlberg's 3rd phase
Postconventional

Stage 5. Social Contract Orientation: Individual's moral judgment is motivated by community respect for all, respecting social order, and living under legally determined laws.

Stage 6: Universal, Ethical Orientation: Individual's moral judgment is motivated by one's own conscience