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20 Cards in this Set

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ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITY
THE SECOND SUBDIVISION OF THE VENTRAL CAVITY.
WHY DO W NEED DIRECTION TERMS?
IT'S NECESSARY TO MAKE REFERENCE TO BODY PART POSITIONS IN REGARDS TO THE BODY AS A WHOLE
EPITHELIAL TISSUE
COVERS SURFACES AND LINES CAVITIES. HAS A BASEMENT MEMBRANE AND A FREE OUTER SURFACE.
CONNECTIVE TISSUE
LARGE AMOUNTS OF EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX. SUPPORTS, CONNECTS, STORES AND PROTECTS
MUSCLE TISSUE
PRODUCES MOTION BY CONTRACTING AND GENERATES HEAT.
NERVE TISSUE
CARRIES NERVE IMPULSES IS IRRITABLE, CONDUCTS, AND INTEGRATES.
EPITHELIAL TISSUE - CELL SHAPES
SQUAMOUS - FLAT IRREGULAR SHAPED CELLS

CUBOIDAL - CUBE SHAPED

COLUMNAR - CYLINDRICAL
EPITHELIAL TISSUE
-HAS A BASEMENT MEMBRANE AND A FREE OUTER SURFACE
-IS AVASCULAR-NO BLOOD SUPPLY
-GETS NUTRIENTS BY DIFFUSION FROM LAYERS UNDERNEATH.
-GOOD REPAIR AND REGENERATION
-SENSORY CHARACTERISTICS, EXCELLENT TO POOR.
SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM
-ARE THIN, IRREGULAR SHAPED CELLS
-BASEMENT MEMBRANE ON BASAL SIDE
-SERVES AS A PROTECTIVE LAYER AS THEY LINE MOUTH, VESSELS, PARTS OF THE KIDNEYS, THROATS, ESOPHAGUS, ANUS, AND EPIDERMIS.
CUBOIDAL EPITHELIUM
-CUBE SHAPED CELLS THAT LINE KIDNEY TUBULES, COVER THE OVARIES,AND SECRETORY PARTS OF CERTAIN GLANDS.

-THEIR MAIN FUNCTION IS PROTECTION; CAN ALSO BE SECRETION AND ABSORPTION
COLUMNAR EPITHELIUM
-THESE CELLS ARE TALL AND RECTANGULAR IN SHAPE.

-THEY ARE FOUND IN THE LINING AND DUCTS OF CERTAIN GLANDS.

-MAY HAVE CILIATED FUNCTIONS - SECRETE MUCUS
ARRANGEMENT OF EPITHELIAL CELLS
-CELL ARRANGEMENTS
- SIMPLE:SINGLE LAYER
- PSEUDO-STRATIFIED:FALSE LAYER, IS
SINGLE BUT LOOKS LAYERED
- STRATIFIED:TRUE LAYERS
- TRANSITIONAL:WHEN STRETCHED APPEAR
SQUAMOUS;WHEN RELAXED APPEAR RAGGED
SIMPLE SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM
- A SINGLE LAYER OF CELLS TOGETHER
STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM
- TWO OF SEVERAL LAYERS OF CELLS ARE PRESENT AND ARE LAYERED UP FROM THE BASEMENT MEMBRANE.
STRATIFIED COLUMNAR EPITHELIUM
-MATURE COLUMNAR CELLS (SHOW THE SHAPE)

-IMMATURE COLUMNAR CELLS (OFTEN SHOW CUBOIDAL SHAPE)

-BASEMENT MEMBRANE
-found in salivary glands
TRANSITIONAL EPITHELIUM
-UMBRELLA CELLS

-CELLS FLATTEN TO A SQUAMOUS SHAPE
WHEN STRETCHED.

-BASEMENT MEMBRANE

-FOUND IN URINARY BLADDER
CONNECTIVE TISSUE
-DEFINED BY THE AMOUNTS OF INTER
CELLULAR MATERIAL OR MATRIX-has the
most matrix
-LOOSE FIBROUS MATRIX
-DENSE FIBROUS MATRIX(outside the cell-
EXTRA-CELLULAR)
-FIBROUS MATRIX
-LIQUID MATRIX
FUNCTIONS OF EPITHELIAL CELLS
-MUCOUS MEMBRANE:LINES BODY CAVITIES
THAT OPEN TO THE OUTSIDE;PRODUCES
MUCOUS, SECRETES ENZYMES
-GLANDULAR EPITHELIUM:FORM GLANDS
(SIMPLE AND COMPOUND).
-ENDOTHELIUM:LINES THE CIRCULATORY
SYSTEM;SINGLE LAYER OF SQUAMOUS TYPE
CELLS.
MESOTHELIUM:ALSO CALLED SEROUS;LINES
BODY CAVITIES THAT DO NOT OPEN TO THE
OUTSIDE SQUAMOUS CELLS OVER CONNECTIVE
TISSUE.
FIBROUS MATRIX
-COLLAGEN FIBERS-WHITE FIBERS
-TOUGH FIBERS
-NOT STRETCHY
-STAINS PINK
-RETICULAR FIBERS-WHITE FIBERS
-SAME COLLAGEN PROTEIN
-THINNER, BRANCHED FIBERS
- RETICULAR = NETWORK
-ELASTIC FIBERS-YELLOW FIBERS
-BRANCHING FIBERS
-STRETCHY-ELASTIC
-STAINS BLACK OR DARK PURPLE
-HYALURONIC ACID
-COLLOIDAL GEL
-TISSUE FLUID
FIBROUS MATRIX - CELL TYPES
-FIBROBLAST-PRODUCE FIBERS AND
COLLOIDAL MATERIAL
-MACROPHAGES-"BIG EATERS" WHITE BLOOD
CELL THAT GOES THROUGH A PROCESS OF
PHAGOCYTOSIS WHEN ATTACKING FOREIGN
INVADERS.
-MAST CELLS-RELEASE HISTAMINES AND
HEPARIN AFTER INJURY.
-ADIPOCYTES-FAT CELL-PROTECTION AND
ENERGY STORAGE
-MELANOCYTES-MELANIN-BROWN PIGMENT
CONTAINING CELLS.
-PLASMA-WATER BASED MATERIAL THAT
CARRIES ANTIBODIES THROUGHOUT THE
BODY.