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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Power
The ability to get people or groups to do what they otherwise would not do through coercion, persuasion, or leadership.
State
All INDIVIDUALS and INSTITUTIONS that exert power and make public policy through direct action or political participation whether they are in government or not.
Government
The leadership in power or hold authority at a particular moment in as state - roughly akin to an American administration.
Nation
The primarily psychological sense of identification with a people because of culture, geography, or linguistic ties.
Executive
the people and agencies which implement or execute government policy (from the head of government to the lowest bureaucrat)
Legislative
The political structure that passes laws
Judicial
The political structure (usually courts) that adjudicates cases and applies the law.
Judicial review
the power of the courts to modify or nullify the actions of the legislatures and executive
Separation of powers
the system of government where power is divided into the power of the other structures
Regime
The institution and practices that endure from government to government
Ideology
The set of beliefs or convictions that 1. identify problems in a political culture 2. explain why they exist 3. prescribe a cure for the problems
sovereignty
independent legal authority over a population in a particular place
rule of law
a system that operates according to a predictable, known, and visible set of laws and procedures
politics
the process through which groups of people govern themselves or are governed through authority
legitimacy
the belief the authority is properly ruling
Supranational organization
an international organization that a state may surrender sovereignty to in order to pursue a broader regional or global purpose
state-building concerns
all states must deal with five interlocking concerns: 1. solving identity concerns 2. building and maintaining legitimacy 3. responding to citizen participation and 4. distributing the state's resources
Unitary state
regines in which sub national units (states) have little or no power
Federal state
Constitutional practice in which sub national units (states) are granted considerable power
Political culture
the collection of history, values, beliefs, assumptions, attitudes, traditions, and symbols that define and influence political behavior with a state
Political socialization
the institutions and methods of developing and reinforcing significant public beliefs, attitudes and practices. (how beliefs are transferred)
Public Policy
the decisions made by a state that define what it will do
Political Party
an organized group of people with their primary purpose of electing its members, promoting a particular ideology, or advancing a particular issue
Democracy
power by the people or as John Locke once said a government that has the consent of the people
Democratization
the spread of representative government to more countries and process of making governments more representative
Globalization
the increasing interconnectedness and interdependence of people, cultures, economies, and nation state facilitated by technology, trade, and cultural diffusion.
Revolution
a process by which a political regime is overthrown and replaced because of broad popular support and fundamental economic, social, or political changes are made