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18 Cards in this Set

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SOCIETY OF FRIENDS
was founded in England in the 17th century by people who were dissatisfied with the existing denominations and sects of Christianity. Traditionally George Fox has been credited as the founder or the most important early figure.
MARYLAND TOLERATION ACT (1649)
law passed in 1649 by the colonial assembly of the Province of Maryland mandating religious toleration of all Christian denominations.
"PEACEABLE KINGDOM"
PAINTING THEME USED BY EDWARD HICKS; SHOWED LOVE OF CHILDREN AND ANIMALS AND DEVOTION OF BIBLE
FUNDAMENTAL ORDERS OF CONNECTICUT
Government is based in the rights of an individual, and the orders spell out some of those rights, as well as how they are ensured by the government. It provides that all free men share in electing their magistrates, and uses secret, paper ballots. It states the powers of the government, and some limits within which that power is exercised.
RESTORATION COLONIES
one of a number of land grants in North America given by King Charles II of England in the latter half of the 17th century, ostensibly as a reward to his supporters in the Stuart Restoration; major colonies -- province of carolina and and pensylvania
DOMINION OF NEW ENGLAND
short-lived administrative union of English colonies in the New England region of North America. The union was decreed in 1686 by King James II as a measure to enforce the Navigation Acts and to coordinate the mutual defense of colonies against the French and hostile Native Americans
JOHN PETER ZENGER
PRINTED FALSE INFO ABOUT THE GOVT AND SUCH SO HE WAS ARRESTED AND THEN HE WAS DEFENDED BY ANDREW HAMILTON
LEISLER'S REBELLION
an uprising in late 17th century colonial New York, in which militia captain Jacob Leisler seized control of lower New York from 1689 to 1691. The uprising which occurred in the midst of Britain's "Glorious Revolution," reflected colonial resentment against the policies of King James II
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN
WRITER; DID POOR RICHARD'S ALMANAC; ELECTRICITY STUFF; FIRST NEWSPAPER FOR BOSTON THE NEW ENGLAND COURANT
NAVIGATION ACTS
series of ENGLISH laws which, beginning in 1651, restricted foreign shipping
THOMAS HOBBES
THE LEVIATHON; "The universe is corporeal; all that is real is material, and what is not material is not real."; human nature as self-interested cooperation; ach of us has a right to everything in the world.
JOHN LOCKE
government could only be legitimate if it received the consent of the governed and protected the natural rights of life, liberty, and estate. If such consent was not given, citizens had a right of rebellion.
HARVARD COLLEGE
FOUNDED BY JOHN HARVARD IN 1636 IN MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY
PHYLLIS WHEATLEY
was the first African American female writer to be published in the United States; "Poems on Various Subjects"
ANNE HUTCHINSON
SAID GOD TALKED DIRECTLY TO HER; ACCUSED OF BLASPHEMY; SALVATION BY FAITH ALONE-ANTIMONIAMS
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR
decisive nine-year conflict (1754–1763) in North America between the Kingdom of Great Britain and its North American Colonies against France and its North American Colonies; resulted in France's loss of all its possessions in North America
IROQUOIS CONFEDERACY
HIWATHA AND THE "GREAT PEACEMAKER"; GROUP OF FIRST NATIONS/NATIVE AMERICANS
SALUTARY NEGLECT
British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws meant to keep the American colonies subservient to England