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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
"America First", Scandal, Self made man, delegation, Hard Drinker during prohibition
President Warren Harding 1921-1923
Balanced Budget, Reduced Debt, Cut Taxes, Easy Credit, Prosperity by supporting Business.
President "Silent Cal" Calvin Coolidge 1923-1929
"Rugged Individualism", Self made man, Voluntary co-operation
President Herbert Hoover 1929-1933
Herbert Hoover and Charles Evans Hughes
Warren Harding's leaders of Commerce and Foreign Affairs
Car manufacturer, Taylorism, Mass Production, Birth of large Industrial Complexes, no Trade Unions, Large Impact
Henry Ford and Ford Motor Company
John Styth Pemberton
Creator of Coca-Cola. Prohibition fueled the soft drinks industry
John Torrio
Italian-American Mafia Boss. Cicero (Chicago), Gang Teritories, Bribery of officials, Retired in 1925 with $30mil
Mayor "Big Bill" Thompson
Mayor of Cicago, Bribed by John Torrio, stifled police intervention into Gangsters
Al Capone
Italian-American Mafia Boss. Cicero (Chicago), Gang Teritories, St Valentine's Bay Massacre (Bug's Moran), 400 murders, 11 years for Tax evasion
Elliot Ness
FBI who caught and imprisoned Al Capone for tax evasion
Nellie Taylor Ross 1924
First female Elected State Governor (Wyoming)
Bertha Knight Landes 1926
First female Mayor of a city (Seattle)
Carrie Chapman Catt 1920
National League of Women Voters tried to raise awareness of new opportunities but few were interested
William Jenning Bryan
Fundamentalist Christian, Banned Darwinism in schools, Won the Scopes Trial
John Scopes
Biology Teacher in Dayton Tennessee, centre of the Scopes "Monkey" Trial
American Civil Liberties Union
When William Jennings Bryan banned Evolutionism, they saw it as a breach of Civil liberties and financed the Scopes Trial
Michell Palmer
Lead the "Red Scare" in 1919-1920, Paranoia and suspicion, 6000 "aliens" who were imprisoned or expelled, only 6 handguns
Sacco and Vanzetti
Anarchists feared to be Communists, accused of robbery and murder, biased trial and Judge. suspect evidence, death sentence
Judge Webster Thayer
Convicted Sacco and Vanzetti on circumstancial evidence sparking riots in Paris and Berlin
Historian : Micheal Heale "20th Century America" 2004
Smaller scale depressions happened before BUT developed complexity meant that as corporations suffered theer was a wider impact
Historian : JK Galbraith
US economy was "Fundamentaly Unsound", There were few speculators but the Crash killed the myth - the confidence
Historian : Paul Johnson
Hoover did too much (Public Works, Tariffs) and should have let teh Depression right its self
General Douglas McArthur
General who moved along the first Bonus Army and fired on veterans
Historian (Monetarist) : Milton Friedman
Money in circulation declined, Rise in Discount rate from 1.5-3.5% reduced industrial production by 25%
Charles A. Mitchell
President of NY National City Bank $25Million into Stock Market in time of crisis "Single most irresponsible desision of 1929"
Father Charles Coughlin
Radio Sation, First endorsed FDR but then became more conservative, hated international bankers, anti-semitic
Huey Long
"The Kingfish", radical populaist policies, "Share our Wealth", Class resentment, thought FDR didn't go far enough
Dr Richard E. Townsend
Revolving Old-Age Pension, end depression through consumer spending, $200pmonth must be spent, plan was unworkable
Historian : Arthur Schlesinger
Second New Deal, most scholars think it's a move from Right to Left, more working class and fewer businessmen
Senator James F. Byrnes
Headed Office of Economic Stabilisation later called the Office of War Mobilisation
J. Edgar Hoover
Headed the FBI. after 1940 surveillence activities